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History - Events of Confederation
Transcript of History - Events of Confederation
Who are the key personalities and why?
John A. Macdonald: He was a politician who had a goal to " build support for the idea of Confederation." On the day of July 1, 1867, Canada was born and John became the first prime minister of Canada. As a prime minister, he accomplished a lot for Canada. Also, he was a Father of Confederation.
George Brown: Just like Macdonald, he was a Father of Confederation too. He played an important role in the Quebec Conference and in the Charlottetown Conference. Even though Macdonald and Brown disliked each other, in 1864, George decided to work together with John to solve the issues the colony were facing. He formed a new coalition.
Antoine - Aime Dorion: "Antoine was the leader of Canada East's Rouge party." He didn't like the idea of proposals since he thought that the proposals would demolish French culture so, he disagreed with Macdonald.
Joseph Howe: He was a politician and a journalist who was the premier of Nova Scotia." He helped Nova Scotia to win responsible government in 1848." Joseph disagreed with Nova Scotia joining Confederation and so, he argued about the population and what his opinions were.
Lord Carnarvon: He was the colonial secretary of the London Conference so, he had one of the important roles in that conference which took place in December 1866.
Consequences of the creation
of the Dominion of Canada
What were the consequences?
There were many opposing views/ not everyone agreed on the same decisions, making it harder to come to conclusions that pleased everyone
Because of the locations of the conferences, many colonies/provinces weren't able to attend important conferences since some colonies were too far from another
British North America saw the U.S. "....as a threat, and were not sure how they could defend themselves without Britain." The United States had a plan to take over British North America.
Everyone had different beliefs/opinions and spoke different languages so, it was difficult for the politicians to convince the people who lived in those colonies to understand that uniting the colonies together "....would be beneficial to everyone."
Who were the people that had opposing views and why?
Antoine - Aime Dorion: He had an opposing view because like I'd mentioned before, he didn't like the idea about the proposals since he felt that they would lead to demolish the French culture (would become Quebec). He requested the people to vote on the plan for the union ( a referendum) which John A. Macdonald disliked.
Joseph Howe: He assisted Nova Scotia and became their premier but, he disagreed with the fact of Nova Scotia joining Confederation. Joseph mostly argued about the colony's population which wasn't being cared for in his opinion. Another issue was that he thought about distance and how Halifax wasn't close enough to the Canadas for the union of the colonies.
Whose opinions were unheard?
The politicians ignored the First Nations' and the black people's opinions and concerns. Also, women weren't payed attention to either but, " they made up half of the population." Also, there weren't any female politicians at that time since they weren't able to be one. The politicians were all from Europe and they "envisioned" Canada to be a country just like the ones they came from, France, Ireland or/and Britain.
Canadian Encyclopedia: Careless, J.M.S. "George Brown." - The Canadian Encyclopedia. J.M.S. CARELESS, n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2013.
Johnson and Marshall, J.K. and Tabitha. "Sir John Alexander Macdonald." - The Canadian Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2013.
Marsh, James H. "Charlottetown 1864: The Persuasive Power of Champagne." - The Canadian Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2013.
Parliament of Canada: "The House of Commons Heritage Collection." The House of Commons Heritage Collection. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2013.
Pearson Canadaian History Textbook: Bain, Colin M., and Dennis DesRivieres. "The Events of Confederation." Pearson Canadian History 8. Toronto: Pearson Education Canada, 2008. 52-67. Print.
No women image: "No Women Ski Jump At Olympics." Kidzworld. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2013.
London Conference - CBC: "The London Conference." CBCnews. CBC/Radio Canada, n.d. Web. 12 Nov. 2013.
Other images: Google Images
What were the key events in building a new country?
The Charlottetown Conference: In Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, this conference was held by the Maritime colonies in September 1864. The conference was about the Maritime union where leaders from the island itself, Nova Scotia, the Canadas and New Brunswick were invited. The Canadians convinced the Maritime leaders to create a new plan and "Instead, John A. Macdonald and his colleagues got them to consider a union with the Canadas." (joining the Maritime colonies with the Canadas)
The Quebec Conference
This was another conference just like the Charlottetown conference but, they discussed more about the plan and the details the next month. All the representatives came to the conference and Newfoundland was able to come. The leaders discussed about how the Canadian government would work. They stated that, "In parliament, there would be a balance of representation by population and equal representation." The resolutions were mostly written by John Alexander Macdonald and he also won the most votes for the plan.
The London Conference
All the leaders from the previous conference except for Newfoundland had flew to London, England to be a part of the big conference in December 1866. They discussed about the future of all the colonies "....and Canada became Britain's first "self-governing Dominion"." The monarchy became only the symbols since the King and Queen didn't have much control over the government.
Antoine - Aime Dorion
No women, No First Nations and No black people
How does it impact us today?
If there weren't for the creation of Canada, our country would still be separated into two parts ( Canada West and Canada East) and the United States would've taken over us. Canada would've still be known as British North America and all the provinces would still be separated like before ( Maritime colonies). Not only that, our country wouldn't have been as diverse/multicultural as it is today. Today, everyone's opinions are important no matter gender, race or ethnicity.
July 1, 1867
By: Thivani .P