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The Battle Of Chancellorsville
Transcript of The Battle Of Chancellorsville
. "The Mud March N-6." Fredericksburg, Stafford, Spotsylvania Historical Markers. N.p., 3 2008. Web. 13 Dec 2012. <http://fredmarkers.umwblogs.org/2008/03/03/the-mud-march/>.
. "Chancellorsville." Civil War Trust. N.p.. Web. 13 Dec 2012. <http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/chancellorsville.html?tab=facts>.
. "Battle of Chancellorsville." Son of the South.net. N.p.. Web. 13 Dec 2012. <http://www.sonofthesouth.net/leefoundation/civil-war/1863/may/battle-chancellorsville.htm>.
. "Robert E. Lee Biography." Biography.com. N.p.. Web. 13 Dec 2012. <http://www.biography.com/people/robert-e-lee-9377163>. The Battle of Chancellorsville was, up to that point, the bloodiest battle in the history of the nation. It is surpassed within two months by Gettysburg, and goes on to be the fourth behind Spotsylvania Courthouse and Chickamauga. This battle made Confederate victory an immanent threat. The will of the Union was low, and the rebel forces seemed to test it further. Both sides lost many men, with the Union losing slightly more. This was to be the Confederate downfall, for unlike the North, they could not afford the great loss of men. This, coupled with the devastating loss of the brave Stonewall Jackson were the key elements that played into turning the tides in the war, which the Union desperately needed. Summary of the Battle Results Video Effects In January of 1863, Major General Ambrose E. Burnside led an assault on Robert E. Lee's army from the rear by crossing the Rappahannock River at Bank's Ford. Unfortunately, a warm front thawed the ground, and days of rain turned it to mud. The embarrassing event became known as the "Mud March." It also convinced president Lincoln the his current choice for general was not up to the challenge of raising moral in union troops. Facts 12,700 confederate casualties < 17,200 Union casualties. confederates
2,000 missing Union
5,910 missing 57,352 confederates vs. 97,382 union soldiers Most casualties occurred on the first day of the battle About 40,000 union soldiers saw almost no action. Two days after Burnside's failure, Lincoln replaced him with Major General Joseph Hooker. He succeeded in raising moral in troops, and plotted an assault on the confederate forces in Spring. On April 30, 1863, Hooker took a force of 97,000 troops and closed in on Lee's army in Chacellorsville. In the small intersection, Lee hemmed up the area, and sent his right hand man, lieutenant Stonewall Jackson out with a group of 30,000 men on the morning of May 2. This force clandestinely passed in front of Hooker's forces and came around behind them. This left Lee with only 15,000 troops to defend the ground when the assault began. Hooker's force was originally delayed, due to the fact that the were 70 square miles of thickets that surrounded Chancellorsville. Lee was able to defend against Hooker's assaults until 5 p.m. on May 2, when Stonewall's force came up on their rear and right flank, beginnig to push back Hooker's men. They pushed the Union soldiers back more than two miles to the thickets, where more of Stonewall's men were waiting. The battle ensued, and in the crazy confusion, Stonewall himself was gunned down by one of his own men. Though suffering a hefty loss, this ambush began the bitter defeat of the northern forces. On May third, heavy artilery fire from hilltop forced the timid Hooker the surrender key ground. After defeat, Hooker and his men re-crossed the Rappahannock river on May sixth. Even though the campaign had cost both sides a total of 30,000 men, none was as resonant as that of Stonewall Jackson. During the point at which Hooker's men were taking on heavy fire from the hilltop, a shell smashed into the pillar that he was leaning against, and knocked him unconscious for a half-hour. Between May fourth and fifth, Lee left Chancellorsville and went to Salem's Church, just west of Fredericksburg. He stayed long enough to ensure the rebel victory, then returned in time to see the corralling of Hooker's men. Joseph Hooker Stonewall
Jackson Robert E. Lee