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Transcript of Grave Markers
Why choose grave markers??
Are they for the living or the dead?
People have been using different structures to purposefully mark the bodies of the deceased since around the 12th century- a time when there was an emphasis on individualism
As time has progressed, grave marker trends have evolved, along with attitudes toward death
19th century = the beginning of the rural cemetery movement- landscaping
Grave Markings and Common Themes
- Study- "The Material Projection of Identity: The Construction of the Final Self in Grave Markers.
-markings can give insight to characteristics of the individual and their survivors
-can display wealth and status
-can display gender/common gender norms
-can display social role/individualization
"These mourning customs of the nineteenth century are marked by a sense of sentimentality that made death seem less final or severe"
"The elaborate mourning rituals of the nineteenth century carried the expectation that people would adhere to the etiquette of mourning paraphernalia (such as the wearing of “widow weeds”) and resulted in an outwardly public expression of grief. By contrast, the twentieth century has been marked by a reluctance to indulge public demonstrations of grief.”
More Modern Examples of Grave Markers
Roadside Memorials: Becoming more popular
Nature of the death places value on the place in which death occurred
Spiritual attachment, deviation from traditional practices
"Authority from Grief, Presence, and Place in the Making of Roadside Memorials"
“Death that cannot be managed in a predictable way comes suddenly, unexpectedly and often violently. Mourning rituals contrived in a previous era for a different grieving may seem inadequate and unable to construct meaning for a seemingly meaningless event.”
21st Century Virtual Cemeteries
“Analysis suggests that rather than serving as a poor substitute for traditional bereavement activities, Web memorialization is a valued addition, allowing the bereaved to enhance their relationship with the dead and to increase and deepen their connections with others who have suffered a loss.”
Baptist, Karen Wilson, 2010. “Diaspora: Death without a Landscape.” Mortality. Vol.15(4):294-307.
Clark, Jennifer. and Majella Franzmann. 2006. “Authority from Grief, Presence and Place in the Making of Roadside Memorials.” Death Studies. 30(6):579-99.
DeSpelder, Lynne A., and Albert L. Strickland. 2011. The Last Dance: Encountering Death and Dying. New York, New York. 9th ed. McGraw-Hill.
Karner. Tracy, 2003. "we" American Sociological Association. Conference Papers. (p.1-2).
Encyclopedia of Death and Dying. 2015. Cemeteries and Cemetery Reform. Retrieved May 2, 2015. http://www.deathreference.com/Bl-Ce/Cemeteries-and-Cemetery-Reform.html
International Southern Gravestones Association. 2015. History of Gravestones. Retrieved May 2, 2015. http://www.iscga.org/history-of-gravestones.html