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Transcript of Paraguay
Bodies of Water
The first explorers
The first explorers were Sabestian Cabot from Spain, Don Pedro De Mendoza also from Spain, and Juan De Salazar.
After Mendoza went back to Spain two other explorers on the expidition; Juan de salazar and Ganzalo de Mendoza.
Why did they pick Paraguay?
First, because of fertile, wooded land.
DonPedro De Mendoza
Juan De Salazar
On the east side of the Paraguay river the climate is temperate. on the westside it is semiarid.
Paraguay and Parana Rivers
Population,Religion, and Language
Goals of Paraguay
Population is about 6,541,591
Dominant languages are Spanish and Guarani (spoken by 90% of the population).
Main religion is Roman Catholic
The goal of Paraguay is to be and stay independent.
Located at the periphery of the empire, Paraguay served as a buffer state. The Portuguese blocked Paraguayan territorial expansion in the north, Indians blocked it,until their expulsion in the south, and the Jesuits blocked it in the east.
Battle for Independednce
Paraguayans were forced into the colonial militia to serve extended tours of duty away from their homes, contributing to a severe labor shortage.
Because Paraguay was located far from colonial centers, it had little control over important decisions that affected its economy.
Juan de Salazar founded Asuncíon on the Feast Day of the Assumption in August 1537.
The result was dire poverty in Paraguay and an increasingly impoverished empire.
The French Revolution, the rise of Napoleon Bonaparte,
and the subsequent war in Europe inevitably weakened
Spain's ability to maintain contact with and defend and
control its colonies.
Battle to Independence continued
From these contacts the Paraguayans came to realize
that Spanish dominance in South America was coming
to an end, and that they, and not the Spaniards, held the
The porteños bungled their effort to extend control over Paraguay by
choosing José Espínola y Peña as their spokesman in Asunción. Espínola
was "perhaps the most hated Paraguayan of his era," Barely escaping a
term of exile in Paraguay's far north, Espínola fled back to Buenos Aires
and lied about the extent of porteño support in Paraguay, causing the Buenos
Aires cabildo to make an equally disastrous move. In a bid to settle the issue
by force, the cabildo sent 1,100 troops under General Manuel Belgrano to subdue
Asunción. Paraguayan troops soundly thrashed the porteños at Paraguarí and Tacuarí.
Result of the battle
From these contacts the Paraguayans came to realize that Spanish dominance in South America was coming to an end, and that they, and not the Spaniards, held the real power.
Governor Bernardo de Velasco dispersed and disarmed the forces under his command and sent most of the soldiers home.
Independence was declared on May 17!
porteños-residents of Buenos Aires
peones- landless peasants in debt to landlords