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Transcript of WAR
What is war?
a state of armed conflict between different nations or states or different groups within a nation or state
A threat to the life and dignity of the human person
Church's view on War
We should avoid war at all costs
By recalling the commandment, "you shall not kill," our Lord asked for peace of heart and denounced murderous anger and hatred as immoral (Catechism of the Catholic Church, 2302)
During His famous Sermon on the Mount, Jesus said three things relevant to the subject of war:
Blessed are the peacemakers
Turn the other cheek
Pray for your enemies
Christians must promote peace whenever possible and be slow to resort ro the use of arms... BUT, they must not be afraid to do so when it is called for
This raises the question: when is war justified?
The Old Testament acknowledges that there is "a time to kill" (Eccles. 3:3)
God commanded the Israelites to defend their nation by force of arms
Peace is the goal, but when it cannot be achieved without force, force must be used
Augustine crystallized these principles into what is now known as the just war doctrine
The most authoritiative and up-to-date expression of just war doctrine is found in paragraph 2309 of the Catechism of the Catholic Church
By: Karli Cirovski, Mike Crider, Chris Lay, & Ryan Popp
What does the Church teach about war?
In your personal opinion, is war an appropriate response to certain situations? If so, when is it justified?
Just War Doctrine
The Effects of War
"You shall not kill"
The deliberate murder of an innocent person is gravely contrary to the dignity of the human being, to the golden rule, and to the holiness of the Creator (Catechism of the Catholic Church, 2261)
Human life is sacred because from its beginning it involves the creative action of God
God alone is the Lord of life
No one can under any circumstance claim for himself the right directly to destroy an innocent human being
1978 - Afghanistan (2.4-2.08 million)
2004 - Pakistan (48,000)
2011 - Syrian civil war (93,000-120,000)
2011 - Sudan (4,900)
2011 - Iraqi insurgency (10,033)
2013 - Egypt protests (1,182)
The cost of war: financially
Cruise missile- $830,000 = 16.8 average household incomes; 39.6 4-year educations; 55 families' health insurance; 3.7 homes
Abrams Tank- $6,210,00 = 125.6 average household incomes; 295.9 4-year educations; 412 families' health insurance; 28 homes
U.S. Nuclear Weapons Program Spending per year - $52 billion = 1,051,673.5 avergage household incomes; 2,477,842.3 4-year educations; 3,449,842.3 families' health insurance; 234,445.4 homes
Just War Doctrine
All of the above conditions must be met "at one and the same time"
The damage inflicted by the aggressor on the nation or community must be lasting, grave, and certain
All other means of putting an end to it must have been shown to be impractical or ineffective
There must be serious prospects of success
The use of arms must not produce evils and disorders graver than the evil to be eliminated. The power of modern means of destruction weighs very heavily in evaluating this condition
What is already being done in the church regarding this issue?
"We ask the risen Jesus, who turns death into life, to change hatred into love, vengeance into forgiveness, war into peace. Yes, Christ is our peace, and through him we implore peace for all the world."
- Pope Francis, Urbi et Orbi message, 3/31/13
World Day of Peace- January 1, 2013
Pax Christi (USA and local organizations)
Maryland Catholic Conference advocates for peace
Catholic Relief Services provide aid to veterans of war
Many churches adopting "veteran ministry"
Charlotte, NC - "Local churches help fulfill the needs of veterans"