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Judaism

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Dana McMahon

on 23 May 2016

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Transcript of Judaism

Judaism
Learning intentions:
I will understand what the Jewish faith believes about the way God
revealed
himself to humanity.
I will explore family values within Jewish life and how this relates to my own
values
.
I am learning about the major
ceremonies
and
customs
within Judaism.
JUDAISM
4000 years old
Torah
Middle East
One God
Abraham
Moses
Yahweh
Tenakh
Abraham
Synagogue
Place of worship
Founders
Holy book
Origin
Eternal
Adonai
What is a
founder?

Brainstorm ideas in groups.
Abraham and his wife Sarah lived for many years.
The couple were married a long time but had no children.
Abraham believed there was one God above other gods.
This changed his life.

Abraham believed God was asking him to leave everything and set out on a journey to another place.
He agreed to go even though he did not know the way.
He trusted in God to take care of him.
God lead Abraham to the Promised Land: Canaan.

Reflection
Think about a time when you trusted someone.
Describe the event.
How did it feel to trust another person?
Were you let down or did the person act in your best interests?
Revelation
Abraham and Sarah set up their tents and lived in Canaan for many years.
One night, Abraham was praying and God spoke to him.
God made a Covenant with Abraham.
God promised Abraham many descendents and Abraham promised he would obey God’s laws.
Sarah and Abraham had a baby boy named Isaac.

Create an image, story board, cartoon strip or short paragraph to explain the
beginning
of the Jewish faith.

Use pages 4 & 5 of Judaism unit.

I will understand what the Jewish faith believes about the way God revealed himself to humanity.
Prophets
Writings
Tenakh
Main source
of information about the beginning of Judaism.
Like a library of the holy books.
Divided in to 3 parts:
The Torah (5)
The Prophets (21)
The Writings (13)
= 39 books

Hebrew
Language spoken by Jewish people.
Written from the right side of the page to the left.

Using the same traditions of Hebrew language, write your name.
Right to Left
If you have a vowel in your name- should be a (silent) symbol.

T
orah (the books of Teaching).
N
evi’im (The books of the Prophets).
K
etuvim (The ‘Writings’).
Tenakh
is a word made up of the first letters of these three names.

PROPHETS.
Jews believe that the prophets were men and women who had special powers given by God.
They are usually read from an ordinary book, not a scroll.
Nevi’im
WRITINGS.
Most of the books contain stories from Jewish history.
The book of Psalms is contained within Ketuvim.
A psalm is a special poem, rather like a hymn.
Psalms are often used in synagogue services.
Ketuvim
Torah
TEACHINGS.
Most important.
Read in the Synagogue, written on scrolls.
Teach Jews what God is like, and how they should live.
Include the rules about worship, festivals and the right ways to live.
613 rules in the Torah.
1. What’s the Tenakh?
2. What is the Nevi’im and when would a Jew normally use this part of their Scripture?
3. Why do you think the Ketuvim is often used within synagogue services?
4. What does the Torah tell Jews?
5. How do Jews show respect for their Sacred (Holy) books?

FACT CHECK
Judaism book pages 12&13.
I see, I think, I wonder.......
I am learning about customs within Judaism.
Synagogue
Building where Jewish people worship God.
Most important thing inside is the
Ark
.
This is a special cupboard which is at the front of the main room.
The
scrolls
are kept inside the Ark.
Scrolls
Each scroll has a special cover which is used when put away inside the Ark.
The cover is called the
mantle
.
Mantles are often beautifully decorated
Ever burning lamp
: front of the Ark, flame never goes out. Reminds Jewish people that God is always present.

Bimah
: platform in the middle of the synagogue. Torah is read from a table on this platform.

Women's section
: in most synagogues, men and women do not sit together.

Make some notes about the Synagogue when video clip is playing.
Homework
Research some local synagogues.
Write down some information about the times of worship, interesting facts etc.
Shabbat
Jewish day of rest and worship.
Hebrew word for the Sabbath.
Begins at sunset on Friday evening, and lasts until dusk on Saturday.
Remember Genesis story, God rested on 7th day.
Celebrating Shabbat
During Friday, the house is tidied and the table set.
Always wife or mother who begins celebrations by lighting two candles and saying a prayer.
When the father returns from the Synagogue, he blesses the children and reads from Scripture.

Shabbat meal
Table covered with clean, white cloth.
Meal begins when the father recites a prayer called the
kiddush
over a cup of wine.
Sabbath hymns are sung.
Two loaves of bread:
challah
bread.

I am learning about the major ceremonies and customs within Judaism.
Sabbath morning
Many Jews go to the service at the synagogue.
Day of complete rest.
No work, cooking is forbidden.
Some Jews do not drive or go shopping.
End of Sabbath
Saturday evening when the father says another blessing: havdalah.
Special
plaited candle
is lit and everyone smells a special
box of spices.
This is a symbol of the peace of Shabbat continuing throughout the week.
Havdalah candle is extinguished by dipping it in a cup of wine.
Today we are going to learn about one of the most important Jewish celebrations: Shabbat.

Over the next few slides, write down some notes which will help you for the activity at the end.

Creative writing:
Write a diary entry to show what typically happens during Shabbat for a Jewish family.
(Can write this like you are a member of the family.
Or like you are watching this celebration taking place.)

Draw pictures for each stage. e.g. Friday night, Saturday morning, Saturday evening.

Pesach
Jews have an annual festival to celebrate their freedom.
Remember how they were freed from slavery- Exodus.
Lasts 1 week- around spring time.
This year, Pesach started on 3rd April and ended 11th April.



Exodus
One of the Jews was a man called Moses.
God spoke to him, telling him that he wanted to rescue the Jews.
Pharaoh refused and so G0d sent ten plagues to Egypt.
The last plague was the worst plague: death of the first born son.
God warned Moses that this would happen and to protect the Jewish people, lambs blood was to be put on the doorposts of the Jewish houses.
Passover
Death passed over the houses of the Jews.
The Pharaoh was so upset by the death of his son that he agreed to let the Jews go.
The jewish people had to hurry and needed food for the journey.
There was no time to wait for the yeast to rise in the bread they had made.


Write some notes about passover described throughout the video.
The Seder
Passover meal combined with a religious service.
Takes place in the family home on the eve of Pesach.
Big celebration- friends and relatives are invited.

Seder Plate
Every item has a symbolic meaning.
Unleavened bread (matzot) covered with a cloth.
A jug of salt water (reminder of the tears that were shed)
One large wine glass.
Wine glasses for all present (reminder of the promise God made to Moses.)
Two candles.

Task
The Seder Worksheet.

Look at the different foods used during Pesach.

Draw a Seder plate in your jotter with the different foods. Write down explanations as why they are used during the meal.
Shavuot
Feast of Pentecost.
Celebrated on 11th June this year.
Celebrates God giving Moses the Ten Commandments.
Synagogue decorated with fruit and flowers.
Celebrating Shavuot
Begins with a service in the synagogue.
The Ten Commandments are a set of rules about how to live.
Jews believe that God giving these to Moses is the most important thing that has ever happened to human beings.
Ten Commandments
1. I am the Lord your God. You shall have no other gods before Me.
2. You must not make any idols to worship.
3. You must not use God's name in vain.
4. Remember to keep the Sabbath day holy.
5. Honor your father and your mother.
6. You shall not murder.
7. You shall not commit adultery.
8. You shall not steal.
9. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
10. You shall not covet your neighbor's house; your neighbor's wife, nor anything that is your neighbor's.
Make sure you understand what each of the Ten Commandments means.
Write them in your own words or draw pictures to show your understanding.

Think, pair, share.

How important do you think the Ten Commandments are today?
After the synagogue service, there is a festival meal at home.
Part of the meal is two special loaves of bread.
They are decorated with a ladder pattern.
This reminds Jews of how Moses climbed Mount Sinai.
What did you enjoy about this unit?

Remember to fill out your record of learning for the Judaism unit of work.
Full transcript