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// PORTUGAL //
Transcript of // PORTUGAL //
Portugal - Basics
81 percent of Portugal's religion is identified as Roman Catholic, although many people are not active members in the church.
Portugal is a coastal nation located at the southwestern point of Europe that lies on the west coast/end of the Iberian Peninsula. It also borders Spain. Portugal's capital is Lisbon.
Roman Catholic 81%
Other Christian: 2.2%
No religion: 3.9%
Christian groups: Seventh-Day Adventists, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Orthodox Christians, & Brazilian syncretic Catholic churches
Other: Muslim (35,000), Jewish (700), Hinduism (7,000), and small groups of Taoists, Buddhists, and Zoroastrians
Imports and Exports
Meeting and Greeting:
Handshake with direct eye contact with greeting of the time of day.
Personal relationships mean personal greetings: men greet each other with a handshake and/or hug, and women kiss each other on the cheek twice.
Imports: agricultural products, chemical products, vehicles and other transport materials, optical and precision instruments, computer accessories and parts, semi-conductors and related devices, oil products, base metals, food products, textile materials
Exports: agricultural products, food products, wine, oil products, chemical products, plastics and rubber, hides, leather, wood and cork, wood pulp and paper, textile materials, clothing, footwear, machinery and tools, base metals
"Senhor" or "Senhora" with surname
University degree: "Doutor" or "Doutora"
Use fork and knife as much as possible
Fork goes in left hand
Eating a sandwich = never with bare hands
Napkin between food and hand
During Christmas Time, families come together for Ceia de Natal, or "Christmas Dinner"
Dinner starts at 8 P.M.
Codfish with boiled potatoes and cabbage + other dishes
Talk until midnight and open gifts
• “The country has a high demand for workers in telecommunication, administrative and commercial areas”, (www.prospects.ac.uk, 4/1/14)
• Main industries:
Food + Wine
• 60% of workforce produces three quarters of the national GDP, or gross domestic product (total value of goods provided during a year)
Type: Parliamentary democracy
Definition: a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them (www.thefreedictionary.com, 4/1/14)
President of the Republic and the Assembly of the Republic + courts
Chief: President Anibal Cavaco Silva
Head of Government: Prime Minister Pedro Manuel Mamede Passos Coelho
• Elected by popular vote for a five-year term
Legislative branch and judicial branch:
Assebleia da Republica and Supremo Tribunal de Justica
1910 - Portugal proclaimed a republic.
1911 - New constitution separated church from state. Manuel Jose de Arriaga elected first president of republic.
1976 - Parliamentary elections: Mario Soares became prime minister, and General Antonio Ramalho Eanes won presidency.
2003 August - Government declared a national calamity as forest fires swept across woodland areas. An area the size of Luxembourg had been lost to the fires. About 18 people were killed, and damage had cost one billion euros.
2006 January - Anibal Cavaco Silva, prime minister of 1985-1995, elected president.
2007 April - President endorsed new law allowing abortion in the first ten weeks of pregnancy, making Portugal aligned with most other European Union countries.
Portugal – religions. (2014). Retrieved from
Religion statistics by country. (2014). Retrieved from
Geography of portugal. (n.d.). Retrieved from
Portugal – language, culture, customs, and etiquette. (2013). Retrieved from
Five fact friday: portuguese traditions & customs. (2012). Retrieved from
Working in portugal. (2014). Retrieved from
Work in portugal.(2012). Retrieved from
Timeline: portugal. (2012). Retrieved from
Portugal exports – commodities. (2013). Retrieved from
Portugal imports – commodities. (2013). Retrieved from