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Ancient Greek Beliefs about the Afterlife and Burial Practices
Transcript of Ancient Greek Beliefs about the Afterlife and Burial Practices
If not properly buried, the body would be destined to suffer. Burials Tombs decorated with gold and jewelry
Women prepared the body using flowers, dresses, and crowns
The bodies' mouth and eyes were shut to prevent the psyche from leaving the body
Allowed to view the body for two days
Mourners sang, grieved, and prayed to the gods
Two gold coins were set on each eye for the toll for the ferry on the river Styx in the afterlife
On the third day before dawn, the body was taken to the tomb Burials 1. Prosthesis: viewing of the body so relatives, friends, and others could come pay their respects
2. Ekphora: funeral procession
3. Interment: Remains of the body are placed inside the tomb Parts of the Burial http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Kerameikos2_Athens.JPG Believed after death, bodies went to the Underworld
Also known as Hades
Souls are judged and sent to either:
The Asphodel Fields-average soul goes
Elysium (Elysian Fields)-where virtuous souls go
Tartarus-place where the wicked go Underworld http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Gela_Painter_-_Black-Figure_%22Pinax%22_(Plaque)_-_Walters_48225.jpg "I'd rather be a day-laborer on earth working for a man of little property than lord of all the hosts of the dead." Achilles, The Iliad First part of journey required crossing the river Styx; had to be buried with a coin for the boatman Charon Journey to the Underworld Homer states the dead are "pathetic in their helplessness, inhabiting drafty, echoing halls, deprived of their wits, and fitting purposelessly about uttering bat like noises." Department of Greek and Roman Art. "Death, Burial, and the Afterlife in Ancient Greece". In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/dbag/hd_dbag.htm (October 2003)
The Great Unknown-Some Views of the Afterlife. (n.d.). Retrieved September 27, 2012, from Oracle ThinkQuest: http://library.thinkquest.org/16665/afterlifeframe.htm
Ancient Greek Burial Rituals. (n.d.). Retrieved September 28, 2012, from antigonemythology: http://antigonemythology.wikispaces.com/Ancient+Greek+Burial+Rituals Citations Then, they had to pass Cerberus, the three headed guard dog. http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&sa=N&rlz=1C1GPCK_enUS492US496&biw=1280&bih=656&tbm=isch&tbnid=Hq7AVo-As37jBM:&imgrefurl=http://ferrebeekeeper.wordpress.com/2010/10/29/1456/&docid=cfH2LJFkFY8CNM&imgurl=http://ferrebeekeeper.files.wordpress.com/2010/10/cerberus1.jpg&w=555&h=399&ei=bORoUI7gOcbK2AXQqYG4Dg&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=414&sig=101902249071998669071&page=1&tbnh=133&tbnw=170&start=0&ndsp=20&ved=1t:429,r:19,s:0,i:198&tx=25&ty=63 http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&sa=N&rlz=1C1GPCK_enUS492US496&biw=1280&bih=699&tbm=isch&tbnid=a1dJhc0pQU-vtM:&imgrefurl=http://www.river-styx.net/greek-gods-hades.htm&docid=Rbl1c0nxIuxa1M&imgurl=http://www.river-styx.net/img/500px-DoreStyx.jpg&w=500&h=391&ei=RuRoUJuqB8KO2AWC14GQAw&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=367&vpy=192&dur=1201&hovh=198&hovw=254&tx=138&ty=96&sig=101902249071998669071&page=1&tbnh=152&tbnw=191&start=0&ndsp=19&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0,i:103 Elysian Fields