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Geographical Concepts SPICEES

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Lisa Williams

on 19 July 2014

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Transcript of Geographical Concepts SPICEES

In the past, Geography was the science of mapmaking (cartography).
But as maps and technology got more sophisticated, so did geography.
A philosopher named Immanual Kant once explained: Geographers look at the where and the why.
Geography can apply to anything.
What is Geography?

How would Geography (where and why) be important to fast food restaurants?

How would geography (where and why) be important to emergency services fighting bush fires

List at least 5 ideas for each

Geographers first ask the question "WHERE?"

What Geographers do
Lightning Strikes: Patterns? Explanation?
Map of Alcohol Consumption: Pattern? Explanation?
Geographic Concepts


Interconnections will be the major focus for Term 2 Environment

Eg The manufacture of a product creates interconnections between suppliers, manufacturers, retailers and consumers
Places can be natural or man made


Describe your favourite place to go on holiday to someone next to you. What makes it so good?


Absolute location: Exact spot on the globe. This is done using longitude and latitude, a grid reference or street address.

Relative location (Using Landmarks) This is describing where something is by using what is nearby as a reference. Eg. its 2km past MacDonalds after the round about.
What are the interconnections between between banana growers, retailers and consumers. How they were effected by Cyclone Yasi in 2011.

Why do most people believe the explanation of the spatial distribution of food production is independent invention?
Scale is how narrow or broad a geographer studies something.

Local scale- within neighborhoods
Regional scale- states, territories
National - the whole country
International/ Global scale- the whole world

Local views emphasize unique attributes.
Global views emphasize patterns and generalizations.

Types of Scale

Moving Between Scales

The concept of change uses time to better understand a place

Changes can be very slow such as mountain or soil formation, or very fast such as volcanoes and landslides.

City boundaries can spread over time, or whole areas can be demolished quickly to make way for freeways or Industry.
For example, moving the Yallourn township, or the Morwell river diversion.

Changes can also have social and economic implications. Consider how smart phones have changed the way people work, socialise and communicate.

Look at your mental map. At what scale was it created? Is there evidence of globalization in Menifee that shows up on your map?


A slogan “Think global, Act Local” was used to
promote better treatment of the environment.
What does that mean?


Consider the impacts of the widespread use of the internet over the past few years.

Use a Y chart to brainstorm the social, economical and environmental impacts this "information revolution" has had on the developed world.

What are the dominate characteristics of the Inland Empire (IE)?


Functional or nodal regions are regions organized a focal point or node that dominates an area
Examples: Dodger fans, radio or tv stations
These are used mostly for economic areas or to show places of influence

Functional Regions

When it comes to tv, what city/area is our node (focal point)? Is it the same as radio?


Think of an issue that exists at a local, national and global scale. How would the solutions differ at each scale?
We live in and rely on our environment for resources

It is a source of food, raw materials and enjoyment.

People use, adapt and perceive environments in different ways.

Sustainability is about maintaining the capacity of the environment to support our lives and all other life

It involves managing resources for the future.
(Reference page 5 Geography Alive)
SUSTAINABILITY and ENVIRONMENT are clearly intertwined.

Complete the wetlands and fishing activities on handout provided.
Then they try to explain the patterns they see to answer the question "WHY?"
Next they look for patterns (spatial distribution).
A sense of place is the meaning and feelings people have for a particular area.
In geography we study how places influence lives and how we create change in them.
How might an indigenous Australian's sense of place differ from ours when considering Uluru?
Describe where St Paul's Campus is in relation to MacDonalds.

Now state the absolute location of St Pauls Campus using as much detail as possible.

Complete the Griffith study Handout
Reference Geography Alive Pg
Geographers look at how people and things are connected to other people and things.
Consider the social, environmental and economic effects of this disaster using a Y chart.
Space is described in 2 ways...
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