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Materialism

This is a presentation on the Philosophy of Materialism
by

Dede Flowers

on 17 October 2013

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Transcript of Materialism

Materialism
By: Deszane' Flowers
What is Materialism?
Materialism is when those value the importance of materials and don’t look at the more valuable things in life. The word “materialistic” comes from the origin of materialism, meaning those who view material things as a higher spiritual need.
A tendency to consider material possessions and physical comfort as more important than spiritual values.
It's a philosophy that is held by those that value soley material items. This philosophy relies on the Theory of Evolution to explain its views because it denies all concepts of special creation. Thus making it interdependent.
Type of Metaphysic
Classical Materialism
Classical Materialism began on the Aegean coast which is now located in Turkey during the 6th & 7th centuries B.C.E
Also practiced in China and India
Greeks Came up with this idea
Thales, anzimander, anaximesnes
Lucretius is a key component in Materialism
Variety of Atomic materialism
Both Leucippus and Democritus arugued that the only thing that exsisted was matter and emputy space. And the differences in the sense ofjects were due to variations in the size and shape of the atoms
This was challenged by Philosphers like Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle
First offical type of materialism
The book The Nature of Things goes into dept about this
Types of Materialism
Mind and Nature
Believe nature is the alternative source of everything in the universe
Covers relation between matter and mind
Matter produces the mind and the mind exsist apart from matter
Enlightment Materialism
Theory of Evolution
Charles Darwin's theory of evolution is the belief that all life, including humans have evolved from a common ancestor. Life types such as the birds and bananas and the fish and flowers are all common. Most famous evolution is the Ape evolving to the human. First a monkey, then to a cave man, then to the human.
Who made Materialism?
Materialism comes from the Western Civilization from pre-Socratic Greek philosophers in the 5th and 6th centuries. It then reached it's Classical form in 4th century B.C.E by Democritus and Epicurus.
A later attribute to this was Karl Marx
Joke
A very successful lawyer parked his brand new Porsche Carrera GT in front of the office, ready to show it off to his colleagues. As he got out, a truck came along too close to the curb and completely tore off the driver's door.Fortunately, a cop in a police car was close enough to see the accident and pulled up behind the Porsche, his lights flashing. But, before the cop had a chance to ask any questions, the lawyer started screaming hysterically about how his Porsche, which he had just picked up the day before, was now completely ruined and would never be the same, no matter how hard the body shop tries to make it new again.After the lawyer finally wound down from his rant, the cop shook his head in disgust and disbelief. "I can't believe how materialistic you lawyers are," he said. "You are so focused on your possessions that you neglect the most important things in life.""How can you say such a thing?" asked the lawyer.The cop replied, "Don't you even realize that your left arm is missing? It got ripped off when the truck hit you!!!""OH, MY GOD!" screamed the lawyer."MY ROLEX!!"
As Christianity rose, classical materialism fell
Began to emerge from the church
With the discovery of the book The Nature Of Things, classical materialism came to a halt.
French philosopher named Rene Descartes was very influenced by this
Mainly revolved around the book
Reading this book would give you in-sight to Enlightment Materialism
19 Century
Modern Day Materialism
Examples of materialism in today's society would be those who value material possessions over more valuable and worthy possessions. Yes, just because you like worldly possessions doesn't mean your a materialisitic. No one likes for their "things" to get torn or messed up. But taking it to the extreme is when your considered "materialistic". Usually, being materialistic, you wouldn't have any high power such as religion. They are mostly considered as Atheists.
Karl Marx greatly influenced materialism in the 19th century
Karl Marx was a philosopher developed Marxism
The Religious aspect
When you pracitce materialism, you are denying the exsistence of detites and souls.
The soul is the inner being of you. It’s the spiritual part of a human or animal that is known as "immortal"
Eliminative Materialism
Eliminative means to remove or to get rid of something that often times is undesirable.
When someone denies the existence of something, they're usually a eliminativist.
It's a claim that our common-sense understanding that the mind is wrong and some mental states of mind don't exist. Philosopher Rene Descartes said that what we have we take for granted. Most Eliminative materialists go off of Descartes thought and examine the various mental states that Descartes took for granted.
Materialism V. Idealism
Idealism is the focus that experience is based upon mental activity.
Materialism says that consciousness and ideas do not exist
Idealism is mental and spiritual
Materialism is mainly physical
COMICS!
THE END!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Works Cited
Works Cited
Darwin's Theory Of Evolution. Web. 04 May 2011. <http://www.darwins-theory-of-evolution.com/>.
"Eliminative Materialism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)." Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Web. 05 May 2011. <http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/materialism-eliminative/>.
Hartney, Elizabeth. "Materialism - What Is Materialism." Addictions. Web. 26 Apr. 2011. <http://addictions.about.com/od/glossar1/g/defmaterialism.htm>.
"Lucretius' Materialism." Angelfire: Welcome to Angelfire. Web. 05 May 2011. <http://www.angelfire.com/space/omakridis/lucretius>.
"Materialism in Funnies and Jokes Forum." Atlantic City One Forums. Web. 26 Apr. 2011. <http://atlanticcityone.yuku.com/topic/3293/Materialism>.
"Materialism." Philosophy - AllAboutPhilosophy.org. Web. 04 May 2011. <http://www.allaboutphilosophy.org/materialism.htm>.
Stahl, Philip A., and Richard L. Stahl. "The Future of Materialism." The Atheist's Handbook: to Modern Materialism. Chapel Hill, NC: Professional, 2000. 207-10. Print.
Vitzthum, Richard C. Materialism: an Affirmative History and Definition. Amherst, NY: Prometheus, 1995. Print.
Vitzthum, Richard C. Materialism: an Affirmative History and Definition. Amherst, NY: Prometheus, 1995. Print.
ALL DEFINITIONS FROM DICITONARY.COM
Pictures!
OOOOO... Cute
So are you willing to possibly
Go into debt
loose close family and friends
Or
even die for these things
Just remember, you can't take these possessions with you to the grave
Materialism is the only form of distraction from true bliss. -Douglass Horton
Full transcript