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The War: 1861-1865
Transcript of The War: 1861-1865
Stakes in the Gamble: North & South
Britain and Civil War
The break-up of the USA will serve the long-term Interest;
The End of the War
The Big Picture
3. The Leadership
1. The Stakes: North & South
2. The War
5. The End
Rest of the states
22 million people
5.5 million white
A Hopeless War?
A Reckless War?
Aspects of the War
The Scale of the War
2.1 Million Soldier
1. 1861-1862: A Quick Victory for the North?
The War's Main Theaters
1. Between Washington and Richmond
Expect Foreign Interventions
Exhaust the North
Exhaust the South
"The First Modern War"?
0.9 Million Soldier
Railway, Telegraph, Rifle-Musket, Ironclad Warship
2. Between Appalachians and the Mississppi
2. 1862-1863: South's Overwhelming Success?
3. 1864-1865: Grant's 'Simultaneous Movement All Along the Line' and Final Victory
Meddling and Incompetence
Few Administrative experience
Bad Relations with colleagues
For the Confederacy
For the Union
The South was bullied and had the excuse to call for intervention
The loss of Canada
Market and Investment in the North
Slavery has moral problems
Difficulties to fight an oversea war
Britain would stay neutral, and other European Nations followed.
Factors that Led to the End of the War:
The Confederacy cannot afford the loss, even when they were winning;
Lincoln was re-elected as president in 1864, determining to continue with the war;
The Union Army under General Grant, was winning back and capturing Richmond;
The War ended in May, 1865.
What to do with the Southern Elites?
What to do with the Slaves?