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Romanian Pro-Natalism

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by

Max Rudert

on 11 September 2012

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Transcript of Romanian Pro-Natalism

The Pro Natalist Policy
in Romania

by D.Champion & M.Rudert Romania Time 2010 1960 Crude Birth Rate (per
thousand) Fertility Rate 0 30 0 1985 4 15 2 Pre - Policy Romania

- During the 60's, Romania population growth
rate although still growing had almost reached
0% (0.6%) in natural increase.
- This was due to the:
- Low birth rates.
- High abortion rates. Abortion Statistics in Romania
(And why?)

- In Romania, abortion rates had topped the charts to having
the largest number of abortions in Europe. (Per year)
- Abortions levels had reached 477/1000 pregnancies per
year.
- This is believed mainly due to the lack of family planning, along with large amounts of people living in crowded housing with sub-par living conditions.
- This made having a child a very discouraging thing.

1966 - Once pregnant women would have been monitored carefully to watch of there were going to perform abortions or not.
- Contraceptives have been banned to stimulate a higher fertility rate. Condoms etc: are only found on black markets.
- Unmarried citizens have a tax fine of 8-10% per year as a penalty.
- Media and doctors encourage families to have families of up to 4 or more. - Monetary bonuses would be awarded to mothers with up to 3 children or more. Tax for families that had 3 or more children were reduced to up to 30%.
- Legal marriage age reduced from 18 years to 15 years of age.
- Women were given large amount of lengthy leaves and were compensated with full time pay leave. As of 1966, Romania had introduced a pro natalist policy that
intended to help increase its slow-growing and dwindling
population.

This policy had included many changes, including the announced illegality of abortion, which if performed was punishable by law. The Success/Failures of the policy:

The policy hadn't lasted long, and authorities monitoring the levels of
abortion had slow returned to their old, normal jobs.
Incentives brought on by the government hadn't been enough to persuade families to have the amount of children as hoped and birth rates had slowly begun to drop again.
In the short term however: in the first 3 years of introduction the amount of birth rates per year had increased from 230,000 in 1966 to 520,000 in 1969. Now for the interactive part.
Full transcript