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on 25 September 2014

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Transcript of OUTLIERS CHAPTER 9

Reading Scores Change During Summer Vacation
The End! Hooray!
Brief Summary
Gladwell's Pathos
under privileged neighborhoods "These are not streets you'd happily walk down, alone, after dark."
single parent homes
lower-income kids
low income kids don't have the same chances as middle or upper class kids
makes us feel bad for
What argument is Gladwell making?
1) Wealthier kids do better and progress in school because they improve on their own and have access to outside sources. In contrast, poorer students would regress because they did not have chance to learn during the summer and had to care for family.

2) However, a student in lower economical classes can reach their full potential if they continue to learn, study, and go to school through the Summer. They can reach the potential that upper class students have.

What is Gladwell's purpose?
It is unfortunate that a child's academic success is impacted so strongly by their family's social class, but he points to KIPP as an example that these students can perform if given the right circumstances. When these kids go to a intense, hard-working school, do many meticulous activities, and do hours of homework at night, they will perform much better than the average child who only goes to school. At Kipp, their goal is to push the children to be very involved, and be more than the average person.
Points Students' Test Scores Rose from the Time they Started Classes in September to the Time they Stopped in June
Points students' test scores rose from the time they started classes in September to the time they stopped in June.
Tommy & Jay
Maia & Siobhan

Gladwell introduces KIPP Academy, which is a privately owned schools that started in the 1990s.
It was made to help lower-income families give their children a vigorous education they need to succeed.
KIPP students have a rigorous schedule and study system.
Since they have this ongoing schedule, they perform better and generally accept scholarships and better opportunities that students from public school do not.
Gladwell gives a concise history of the education in America, which centered around two main elements.
The two elements are the harvest season and not overstraining children by pushing them too far.
The harvest season influenced the 9-month school year, with a long, summer break.

Variety of Audiences
Intended - Us, trying to inform us
Invoked - The kids.
Who reads books over the summer? How many?
Discussion Question
Critical Thinking
Evidence - Very convincing
provides facts and statistics
credible sources
credible -John Hopkins University
sociologist (255)
charts (255-257)
Accept - Statistics with sources (253)
Direct quotes (253)
Doubt - Statistics with no sources (pg 251)
Gladwell's Ethos
How does Gladwell's claims apply to our life?
sites credible sources
Johns Hopkins University sociologist Karl Alexander
Very well known author
Stacking the deck or Dogmatism
only one side of the argument
Non Sequitur
Doesn't connect logically
Argument based on money
Closes the gap
aren't empty statistics about success
talks about Marita's story of hard work
According to Gladwell after attending KIPP, these lower class students end up receiving better education and higher test scores without having to pay, than those of private schools who have to pay an immense amount.
Brief Summary Continued...
That break used to be necessary for families because their children needed to help with the harvest
This was a negative effect on studies for children
Over the summer, many children do not remeber what they learned the previous year
As the years pass, assessments at the beginning of the school year show lower-income students performing worse and worse every time.
When researchers looked into the situation, they discovered that if students have access to books and reading, they remember what they learned better.
They found that many lower-income students did not read because they did not have access to books and fell behind.
The students that attend these schools are chosen by lottery and put into the schools on a very long, difficult schedule.
They go to school longer each day and year than do most American students.
They do more vigorous activities and have hours of homework each night.

Gladwell, Malcolm. "Chapter Nine." Outliers: The Story of Success.

KIPP Academy. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://www.sas.upenn.edu/home/assets/img/news/KIPP1-fin-lrg.jpg>.

KIPP Academy Learning. Digital image. N.p., n.d. <http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-pIcAJ3uIHwk/T2tpoPOX9LI/AAAAAAAACos/yijMhgLrswM/s400/kipp+girls.JPG>.

KIPP Academy Learning. Digital image. N.p., n.d. <http://www.kipp.org/images/dmImage/SourceImage/APPROACH.jpg>.

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