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Art of the Industrial Revolution
Transcript of Art of the Industrial Revolution
These Realists positioned themselves against Romanticists.
Realism believed in objective reality and revolted against the exaggerated emotionalism of the Romantic movement.
Truth and accuracy became the goals of many Realists.
Many paintings depicted people at work, showing the changes brought about by the Industrial Revolution. Gustave Courbet French painter who led the Realist movement
Courbet painted figurative compositions (pictures of people), landscapes, seascapes, and still-lifes
Courbet was important because he was an innovator and an artist willing to make bold social commentary (speak out) in his work. Classicism The name given to visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture that draw inspiration from the "classical" art and culture of Ancient Greece or Ancient Rome.
The main Neoclassical movement coincided with the 18th century Age of Enlightenment, and continued into the early 19th century, competing with Romanticism.
In architecture the style continued throughout the 19th and 20th centuries and into the 21st. Angelica Kauffman Swiss-Austrian Neoclassical painter.
Her father was a relatively poor man but a skilled painter, who taught his precocious daughter.
Kauffman's strength was her work in history painting, the most elite and lucrative category in painting. Romanticism An artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century and was at its peak in the period of 1800 to 1840.
A reaction to the Industrial Revolution.
A revolt against the scientific rationalization of nature.
Placed new emphasis on such emotions as apprehension, horror and terror, and awe.
The French Revolution laid the background from which Romanticism emerged.
The confines of the Industrial Revolution also had their influence on Romanticism, which was in part an escape from modern realities. William Blake An English poet, painter, and printmaker
He revered the Bible, but was hostile to the Church of England
He was considered "mad" by his contemporaries (people who lived at the same time as him) Impressionism Claude Monet Monet was a founder of French impressionist painting
Monet painted several groups of landscapes and seascapes Eugene Delacroix Considered the leader of the French Romantic movement
Emphasized color and movement
Illustrated works of William Shakespeare and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Massacre at Chios (1824) Death of Sardanapalus (1827-8) Liberty Leading the People (1830) The Great Red Dragon and the Woman Clothed with Sun (1805) Ancient of Days Illustration of Hell The Body of Abel Found by Adam and Eve, c. 1825 Troilus and Cressida, Act V, Scene II (1789), Miranda and Ferdinand in The Tempest, 1782 Venus convinces Helen to go with Paris, 1790. Self-portrait (The Desperate Man), c. 1843–1845 A Burial at Ornans, 1849-1850 The Stone Breakers, 1849 Woman in a Garden, 1867 Jean Monet on his hobby horse, 1872 Haystacks, (sunset), 1890–1891 Water Lilies, 1914–1917 Impression, Sunrise (1872) 19th-century art movement that originated with a group of Paris-based artists.
The name of the style derives from the title of a Claude Monet work, Impression, soleil levant (Impression, Sunrise
Relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes
Emphasis on accurate depiction of light in its changing qualities (often accentuating the effects of the passage of time)
Common, ordinary subject matter
Inclusion of movement as a crucial element of human perception and experience.
Unusual visual angles.