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Early American Civilizations

Aztec, Inca, Maya, and Olmec tribes

Kale Blickenstaff

on 3 November 2016

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Transcript of Early American Civilizations

Early American Civilizations
between 1500 B.C. and A.D. 1450, agricultural civilizations grew throughout Mexico, Central America, and South America

cities were centered around market places
The Olmec
between 1500 and 600 B.C.

One of earliest agricultural societies to live along the Gulf Coast of Mexico.

Archaeologists found stone heads weighing up to 40 tons made of volcanic rock that are believed to be of Olmec rulers

Religion most likely played an important role in their lives
The Olmec carved huge stone heads. Some were as high as 10 feet tall and weighed several tons.
between A.D. 300 and 900

located in modern-day Guatemala, Belize and Southern Mexico

cities were religious centers built around enormous stepped temple-pyramids

they were astronomers and mathematicians

this knowledge was used to schedule religious rituals, plant, and harvest

365 day calendar and #0

played a game called pok-a-tok

their disappearance is a mystery, however evidence found in 2002 suggests that possibly a massive series of civil wars is responsible
The Maya
"El Castillo"
Pok-a-tok was taken very seriously and only the best of athletes could play. It was a combination of Soccer, Basketball, Racquetball, and Volleyball. It was played with a six inch rubber ball and a hoop which was placed vertically, could barely fit the ball in it and was placed twenty to thirty feet above the ground. The object was not only to get the ball in the hoop but to also keep the ball in motion. They did this with any part of their body except their hands. It was taken so seriously that only Priests could coach teams. Unlike our sports now the losing team of Pok-a-tok was executed.
between A.D. 1100’s and 1521

Lived in central Mexico and on an island near the western shore of Lake Texcoco

Their capital city was Tenochtitlan, an agricultural center and marketplace

They built canals, bridges, and stone causeways to connect the island to the mainland

The powerful Aztec army conquered all of Mexico by A.D. 1500

There was a defined political and social hierarchy

They had many gods

Sacrificed thousands of prisoners to the sun god
The Aztec
The Inca
A.D. 1200 to 1533

Developed in the Andes Mountains of South America in what is now Peru, Chile, parts of Ecuador, Bolivia and Argentina

They had a complex political system that included royal governors and tribute collection

Built a complex road system

The Inca emperor had complete control over the lives of the common people

Ruler is called the Sapa Inca
"Machu Picchu"
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