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Medieval Clothing

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by

Katy Mcmurray

on 12 February 2013

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Transcript of Medieval Clothing

Medieval Clothing Research Question:
What were popular clothes in the middle ages? The Bishops, Priests, and Archbishops were quite important in the middle ages. Even in their importance these men were seldom wealthy. Because of this they would often dress in simple
wool robes. Priests, Bishops, and Archbishops wore special robes called vestments for
ceremonies. A vestment consisted of a long surcoat overtop of a long, white, belted tunic. The Priests would also wear fancy capes called chasubles whereas the Bishops and Archbishops wore tall, pointed hats called mitres and carried long hooked staffs to brandish their significance. The Clothing
of the Pope The Clothing of the
Priests, Bishops,
and Archbishops By: Cei & Katy Noble Men's Clothing The Clothing
of the Church The Pope is a powerful leader of a Catholic church, and being this he had to dress ornately. The Pope of medieval times would dress primarily in the colours red and white. These colours indicate purity and supremacy. He would wear red stockings and shoes under a white linen robe, with a red or white cloak, named a papal mantle, on top, when outside the Pope would also wear a cape for warmth. During ceremonies the Pope would wear a crown but he would frequently be found in a small red cap called a biretum. Men’s clothing in the Middle Ages tended to depend on their feudal status. What the townspeople wore would be very different than nobleman's clothing. A garment that was worn quite often by men in the Middle Ages was the tunic. The tunic most often stopped at the knee and leather/wool tights would be worn underneath to cover more skin. However, at parties and celebrations they swept the ground and covered their feet. The wealthier you were, the longer your tunics fell and the more colorful they could be. Some of the most popular colors were purple, red and blue. The Clothes
of the Monks and Nuns Monks and Nuns lives are dedicated to prayer, so they are often without wealth. Their clothes are most commonly made from poorly made material, similar to the material Peasants wore. Monks and Nuns wore open sided robes on top of habits. Habits are long tunics made from uncomfortable, rough, wool died white, black, or grey. Nuns always wore veils to cover their heads, Monks sometimes wore hoods to cover their mostly bald heads. What was fashionable then? What did they wear then? Both are common questions about the middle ages. If you look at a person today you will probably see a t-shirt and jeans, paired with boots or runners. Back in medieval times you would more likely find dresses, hoes and pointed fabric shoes. Being curious people ourselves, we would like to know more about what was fashionable in the middle ages. The topics we will cover are Noble Men's, Noble Women's, Religious, and Peasants clothing. Intrroduction Tunics Accessories It was quite common for people in the middle ages for men to not have enough clothes to wear in winter. So they started shearing their sheep to make wool pants to wear under their tunics, as well as huge wool cloaks to wear over their shoulders. The pants started as a Germanic idea which the romans disapproved of. But over time the influence of the Roman Empire became less important and wool pants became a staple in the cold and when riding horses. If they could afford it, Nobles often chose to wear soft leather shoes. Quite often the shoes would be sewn to the leather hose worn under their tunics as to not lose them. Nobleman's Tunics Noble Women's Clothing Noblewomen in the middle ages were very pressured by society to make themselves look good. Their closets consisted of gowns with many layers of skirts and a corset. The first step was to slip on the long under gown with cuffed sleeves and a wide neck. Next were the tulle and other skirts piling high on her waist and brushing the ground. These skirts needed to be held out at the bottom by a wide hoop called a farthingale. The more fashionable always had fuller skirts. Corsets were worn to make them look thinner and more feminine, and were not very comfortable as they were tied at the back so tight it was hard to breathe. Gowns Women’s accessories in the middle ages had a lot more variety than men’s. However, their shoes were pretty much the same. Their short, soft leather boots were a luxury; so not too many people could have them. Women liked to grow their hair out to quite long lengths, mostly because there were no barbers back then. They hid their hair under a wimple because it could take months before they could wash it so they liked to keep it out of their faces. Other accessories were: belts, girdles (a type of belt), circlets (a wreath-like crown which wraps around the forehead), gloves, sheaths (long capes) and lavish imported jewelry. Accessories http://www.yesnet.yk.ca/schools/projects/middleages2000/fashion/fashion.html

http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/medieval/clothing

http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/medieval-fashion.htm

Bibliography So, as you can see from our research, popular clothing in the Middle Ages usually depended on what the highest level of their feudal status was wearing. Noblemen and women influenced the tunic and the corset. However the and people of the church didn’t have much of a choice of what they wore. The Nobles had more selection of colours and fabrics, but the lower down the line you went; the less exciting and fashionable the outfits became. I hope you liked our presentation on fashion and clothing in the middle ages. Conclusion The Clothing
of Peasants http://www.essortment.com/peasant-clothing-medieval-times-materials-styles-44858.html The clothing of Peasant men in the middle ages was basic and meant to be of use while working. Their clothing mostly consisted of linen breeches, capes made of coarse wool, and short tight tunics. At the waist the tunics were held by a belt, in which a knife was kept. Back then they either wore small, pointed shoes, or tougher boots for working in, if they could afford shoes at all. they also wore hats or caps to protect thier heads and to signify thier rank among Peasants. The Clothing of Peasant Men http://www.medieval-period.com/medievalclothing.html

medeival clothing - book http://www,middle-ages.org.uk/medieval-peasant-clothing.htm Peasant women's clothing was very similar to that of men. It consisted of a long, belted, tunic or dress, under said dress she would be a tighter fitting tunic. These dresses and tunics were made of un-dyed wool or linen. Women of medieval times would wear linen aprons to keep their clothes from getting dirty, because although the "under-tunic" would be washed often the outer dress would not. women, like men, would also wear fittings on their heads, but these head fitting were more alike scarves. The Clothing of Peasant Women
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