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Transcript of Judaism
of Judaism Moses and the Isrealites Citations 1099- Jerusalem is captured by the Crusaders Interesting Facts monotheistic They believe in one god, Yahweh. 1772- Jews come under Russian rule
The war continued for 25 years, but after the war the Jewish people divided into 3 groups.
After Judea was conquered by Rome and tensions with Rome began to mount, a fourth group appeared. They favored war against Rome, and believed that death was preferable to being under Roman control.
By the late 1930s, many believed that historical events—including the vicissitudes of the Jews in Europe—challenged the Pittsburgh Platform's assumptions enough to necessitate a major change in direction. Jews spent years in exile as slaves in Egypt. Moses ended up leading them to the promise land. He did this by parting the Red Sea The Ten Commandments They are the basic laws of the Jewish religion, along with Moses teachings, which are all stated in the Torah. Hebrew Bible Made up of the Torah, prophecies, and writings that explained the religion. Torah First 5 books of the Bible. Prayer Talmud Also called the Pentateuch. It contains all of the origins of Judaism. http://search.babylon.com/imageres.php?iu=http://unitedwithisrael.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/torah.jpg&ir=http://unitedwithisrael.org/choose-blessing/&ig=http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQf8QWBENIRqygvlrNjtjcHfM57q2ZlUC14nzhOX0YdRR01gKCnW9_1FvQ&h=300&w=300&q=torah&babsrc=NT_def torah pic The interpretations and opinions on the teachings that are in the Torah. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Rosh Hasanah Beliefs Sources of Study Yom Kippur There are two ways that the religion of Judaism can be studied; Passover through the Hebrew Bible and the Talmud. Shabouth Hanukkah Considered the most sacred writing. Reform Judaism introduced confirmation for boys and girls in place of the traditional Bar Mitzvah, gave up belief in a personal Messiah, and insisted that the lands of Jewish residence, not the land of Israel, were home. Reform eliminated head covering, dietary restrictions, and other laws considered out of date. It emphasized ethical elements over ritual.
Reform Judaism experienced modest growth in Germany, France, and England, but prospered in the United States. Congregation Beth Elohim, in Charleston, S.C., adopted Reform in 1824. Others followed, and in 1873 Rabbi Isaac Mayer Wise, a leader of American Reform, established the Union of American Hebrew Congregations. Two years later, in Cincinnati, Ohio, he founded the Hebrew Union College as the first American school for the training of rabbis. (It merged with the Jewish Institute of Religion in 1950.) In 1889 he organized the Central Conference of American Rabbis. "Judaism." Encyclopedia Americana. Grolier Online, 2012. Web. 24 Sept. 2012. Yom Ha-Shoah Yom Ha-Atzmaut Yom
Yerushalayim Beliefs Holy Days Judaism is centrally focused around family. Jews serve their God by studying the religion and living by the Torah and what it teaches. http://www.google.com/imgres?q=moses+parting+the+red+sea&num=10&hl=en&safe=active&biw=1024&bih=579&tbm=isch&tbnid=P0obdsFGdWSRHM:&imgrefurl=http://www.johnpratt.com/items/docs/lds/meridian/2003/exodus.html&docid=3JHrNrA3slY0xM&imgurl=http://www.johnpratt.com/items/docs/lds/meridian/2003/images/moses_red_sea.jpg&w=388&h=275&ei=Dv5hUI-2HeqL0QHkpICgDg&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=78&sig=110856168017774374242&page=1&tbnh=112&tbnw=163&start=0&ndsp=17&ved=1t:429,r:9,s:0,i:101&tx=85&ty=72 history pic Holy Days Jews celebrate their holidays with their families. There are special services that can be attended and they have traditional feasts to celebrate. Morrison, Martha, and Stephen F. Brown. Judaism World Religions. New York, NY:
Facts On File, 1991. Print
“Judaism.” Compton’s by Britannic. 01 Aug. 2011: n.p. SIRS Discoverer. Web. 17 Sep 2012.
Bamberger, Bernard J. “Judaism.” Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia. Grolier Online, 2012. Web. 17 Sept. 2012
“Judaism.” Reviewed by Lawrence Grossman. The New Book of Knowledge. Grolier Online, 2012. Web. 17 Sept. 2012. The Shema The Shema is an ancient, important prayer that consists of three Biblical passages. It is said before bed by all Jews. the meaning of the term and word Jew Sullivan, Lawerence E. The Religious Tradition of Judaism. Broomal, PA: Chelsea, 2002. Print. More Information The Sabbath Ceremonies The Jews are expected to pray three times a day and are to say the Shema as well. Synagogues Synagogues are the center of the Jewish lifestyle and worship. http://www.google.com/imgres?q=synagogues&um=1&hl=en&sa=N&tbm=isch&tbnid=whTd5ETTq1LxcM:&imgrefurl=http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Judaism/synburma.html&docid=LlKCLaBdgC2NDM&imgurl=http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/images/shuls/Burma1.jpg&w=450&h=303&ei=sjZiUN78HJHm8gS0hIAI&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=270&vpy=304&dur=1555&hovh=184&hovw=274&tx=162&ty=93&sig=102917863161938886595&page=1&tbnh=113&tbnw=158&start=0&ndsp=22&ved=1t:429,r:8,s:0,i:164&biw=1366&bih=613 Synagogue Picture When a Jewish boy turns 13, he celebrates his bar mitzvah and when a girl turns 12, she can celebrate her bat mitzvah. http://www.google.com/imgres?q=judaism&um=1&hl=en&sa=N&biw=1280&bih=508&tbm=isch&tbnid=eEVTJsRLe92V9M:&imgrefurl=http://religionmanuals.tpub.com/14229/css/14229_72.htm&docid=bExoR1VcNwNnVM&imgurl=http://religionmanuals.tpub.com/14229/img/14229_72_1.jpg&w=284&h=317&ei=jEdiUJf5EIqu9ASRjICIDg&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=383&sig=113725476644072797888&page=1&tbnh=128&tbnw=115&start=0&ndsp=14&ved=1t:429,r:4,s:0,i:164&tx=60&ty=76 star of david The Sabbath marks the seventh day. It starts Friday goes into Saturday. It is a time to rest and worship God. Torah = the Old Testament in the Christian religion Over an entire year, the whole Torah is read during worship services. Ancient World History. N.p.: McDougal History, 2007. Print.