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The Two Sides
Transcript of The Two Sides
The Two Sides
After Fort Sumter, Abe Lincoln called for troops to defend the Union. As a result, Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Arkansas joined the Confederacy.
The Confederacy put its capital in Richmond, Virginia- very close to Washington D.C.
The border states of Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri stayed in, despite being slave states.
Advantages and Disadvantages
Have to fight on enemy territory
In order to win the war, the Confederacy did not have to conquer the North. Instead, they just had to whip any Northern army that invaded and hold onto their own turf.
The only Union city they wished to take was D.C.- spitting distance from Richmond.
For the north, things were more complicated. Their plan was known as the Anaconda Plan.
1: Blockade Southern ports- keep that sweet cotton money from coming in. The South can not produce what it needs alone.
2. Take the Mississippi River. This will cut the South in half.
3. Take Richmond.
Robert E. Lee- possibly the best general of the war
Brother Against Brother
The harsh reality of the Civil War was that it often pitted families and friends against each other.
Unlike wars against a common enemy, civil wars destroy the center of a nation. It was not uncommon for brothers to each join a different side and fight each other in the same battle.
Who Were the Soldiers?
At the beginning, the soldiers were volunteers.
The average age was 26, though many lied about their age to fight and some were as young as 14.
Neither side allowed African American soldiers at the beginning.
In 1861, the North had 187,000 soldiers while the South had 112,000. By the end of the war, the Union will have 2.6 million and the South 900,000.
The first major battle of the war occurred on July 21, 1861.
30,000 Union soldiers marched to take the ground south of D.C. Families followed them from the North, setting up picnics and expecting them to crush the southerners.
As they engaged a southern army, it looked at first like the Union would win- however, reinforcements under general Thomas Jackson arrived. Jackson refused to retreat, standing like a "stone wall" and launching a vicious counter-attack.
The union army routed and the picnickers had to run back to D.C. This was going to be a long war after all.