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Ancient Hebrew History
Transcript of Ancient Hebrew History
Noah's Ark Fun Facts
How many animals did Noah take?
How long was the flood?
What exactly is a cubit?
Did the flood actually happen?
Two of every animal? 6:19
40 days? 7:4
Seven clean pairs and one unclean pair? 7:2
150 Days? 7:24
What do we learn from the story of The Flood?
1. An ever-lasting covenant between Noah and God exists
2. God does not tolerate wickedness
3. God offers immediate hope in the presence of suffering
Takes place in "Shinar," and ancient term for "Babylon"
Babylon represents evil or any oppressive force
Is the "mixing of tongues" punishment or liberation?
The people are able to hear the message in his or her own tongue
Evil causes God's people to be scattered and He draws them back together again
Two versions - which one is right???
Yahwist (J) - uses the name YHWH for God
Elohist (E) - uses "God" or "Elohim" for God
J Source (Yahwist)
Ancestors of Faith
male rulers, elders or leaders. In the Hebrew tradition, the patriarchs are Abraham, Isaac and Jacob (and perhaps Joseph)
So who would be an "American Patriarch"?
Abraham is known as the "Father of Faith"
The Jewish People
Abraham is the root of our "family tree" of faith
The Gentiles are grafted onto this root after they came to believe
What's so important about
Uses YHWH to name God
These four letters are often translated as "LORD" or Adonai"
E Source (Elohist)
Uses Elohim to name God
Elohim is the plural of "El"
In the Canaanite tradition, there was a god name "El" who was the source of all creation
1 1 Abraham journeyed on to the region of the Negeb, where he settled between Kadesh and Shur. While he stayed in Gerar, 2 he said of his wife Sarah, "She is my sister." So Abimelech, king of Gerar, sent and took Sarah. 3 But God came to Abimelech in a dream one night and said to him, "You are about to die because of the woman you have taken, for she has a husband." 4 Abimelech, who had not approached her, said: "O Lord, would you slay a man even though he is innocent? 5 He himself told me, 'She is my sister,' and she herself also stated, 'He is my brother.' I did it in good faith and with clean hands." 6 God answered him in the dream: "Yes, I know you did it in good faith. In fact, it was I who kept you from sinning against me; that is why I did not let you touch her. 7 2 Therefore, return the man's wife--as a spokesman he will intercede for you--that your life may be saved. If you do not return her, you can be sure that you and all who are yours will certainly die." 8 Early the next morning Abimelech called all his court officials and informed them of everything that had happened, and the men were horrified. 9 Then Abimelech summoned Abraham and said to him: "How could you do this to us! What wrong did I do to you that you should have brought such monstrous guilt on me and my kingdom? You have treated me in an intolerable way. 10 What were you afraid of," he asked him, "that you should have done such a thing?" 11 "I was afraid," answered Abraham, "because I thought there would surely be no fear of God in this place, and so they would kill me on account of my wife. 12 Besides, she is in truth my sister, but only my father's daughter, not my mother's; and so she became my wife. 13 When God sent me wandering from my father's house, I asked her: 'Would you do me this favor? In whatever place we come to, say that I am your brother.'"
10There was famine in the land; so Abram went down to Egypt to sojourn there, since the famine in the land was severe.f 11When he was about to enter Egypt, he said to his wife Sarai: “I know that you are a beautiful woman. 12When the Egyptians see you, they will say, ‘She is his wife’; then they will kill me, but let you live. 13Please say, therefore, that you are my sister,* so that I may fare well on your account and my life may be spared for your sake.”g 14When Abram arrived in Egypt, the Egyptians saw that the woman was very beautiful. 15When Pharaoh’s officials saw her they praised her to Pharaoh, and the woman was taken into Pharaoh’s house. 16Abram fared well on her account, and he acquired sheep, oxen, male and female servants, male and female donkeys, and camels.*
17But the LORD struck Pharaoh and his household with severe plagues because of Sarai, Abram’s wife.h 18Then Pharaoh summoned Abram and said to him: “How could you do this to me! Why did you not tell me she was your wife? 19Why did you say, ‘She is my sister,’ so that I took her for my wife? Now, here is your wife. Take her and leave!”
20Then Pharaoh gave his men orders concerning Abram, and they sent him away, with his wife and all that belonged to him.
take a few minutes and discuss
grafted: added on to, specifically, adding a branch on to a tree
As we can see here, Abraham
is like the root of Islam, Judaism and Christianity.
All three religions can trace their lineage back to hm.
take a few minutes to discuss...
God or "Elohim" is used to name God is this passage
Here LORD, or YHWH is used to name God
the little red dots are the vowels
-Flourishing city from 2000-1180 BC
-Major texts found in Ugaritic
-Hebrew was most likely a dialect of the same language family
-Most of the texts in Ugarit dealt with the gods Baal, Mot and Yam
Baal, Yam and Mot
-Baal and Yam resemble Marduk and Tiamet
-Baal and Mot answer the "cycle of seasons"
-Did the Israelites worship these gods?
-Seem ridiculous? Consider what we do today...
Why were the pagan gods so attractive?
1. it was the common religion in the area
2. Pagan worship was associated with fertility
3. It served the establishment
--> the gods willed that some rule and most serve