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Copy of Geography and the Early Greeks

Chapter 8; Section 1
by

Christine Hagius

on 1 December 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Geography and the Early Greeks

Geography and the Early Greeks
The BIG Idea:
Greece's geography and its location near the sea strongly influenced the development of trade and city-states.

Does geography still influence the way we live today?
Greek Landscape...
Louisiana Landscape...
How would these two landscapes shape the way people live?
Geography Shapes Greek Civilization
Geography of Greece: rocky, mountainous, and surrounded by water
Greece is a PENINSULA - land surrounded by water on three sides.
Because of the mountains and rocky soil, farming could be difficult. The Greeks didn't live in fertile river valleys like our old friends.
Mesopotamia had the...
Egypt had the...
China had the...
and India had the...
But, what about Greece?
Tigris and Euphrates
Nile
Huang He (Yellow)
Indus
Mountains and Settlements...
Are mountains good for farming?
Is farming necessary for civilizations?
They settled in the flat areas along the coast or in valleys.
How did the
Greeks do it?
NO
YES
Villages grew, but because of the mountains they were isolated from one another.
People spoke the same language and practiced the same religion, but had their own governments and their own ways of life.
They thought of themselves as separate countries.
AKA...city-states
Seas and Ships
Because of the mountains, travel across land was difficult.
They built ships and turned to the seas.
What did these ships allow them to do?
TRADE!
As they traveled around the seas, they traded for food and other things they needed. They also exchanged ideas with other cultures.
Trading Cultures Develop
Two of the earliest civilizations of Greece:
Minoans & Mycenaeans
The Minoans:
They settled on the island of Crete
They were great shipbuilders and traders.
They traded wood, olive oil, and pottery for copper, gold, silver and jewels.
Minoan Artifacts
What could have ended this great civilization?
A volcanic eruption north of Crete caused a giant wave that flooded much of the island. Ash also ruined crops and even buried cities. This eruption may have led to the end of the civilization.
The Mycenaeans
Some historians believe the Mycenaeans may have conquered what was the left of the Minoans after the natural disaster.
They traded around the Mediterranean region, but were also fierce warriors.
They may have been responsible for starting the legendary Trojan War.
Eventually, invaders and earthquakes led to the fall of the Mycenaeans.
And so began the Dark Age - a
period of war and chaos.
Greeks Create City-States
During the Dark Age, the Greeks joined together in small groups for protection.
These small groups grew and became the first city-states. The Greek word for city-state is
polis
.
Because they were isolated from one another, each city-state had its own government and way of life.
The creation of the city-states marks the beginning of Greece's
classical
age. It was a period of great achievements.
Life in a Greek City-State
City-states were built around an
acropolis
- a fortress surrounded by walls and built on top of a high hill.
Life in the city centered around the agora.
The agora was also a gathering place. It provided a spot for people to socialize and hold political or religious meetings.
City-states provided the people with security and an identity. They thought of themselves as residents of their city-states, NOT as Greeks.
Agora - Greek word for marketplace
Reviewing Ideas and Terms
What kind of landforms are found in Greece?
How did the sea help shape early Greek society?
What two major civilizations developed in ancient Greece?
What is a polis?
Why do you think the Greeks built their cities around a high acropolis?
Write a summary, IN YOUR OWN WORDS, about what you learned today.
Mycenaean Artifacts
my
Use what we learned today to answer the following questions.
Linear A
Linear B
Full transcript