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History of the Internet by Nicole Lopez

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H Johnston

on 2 June 2015

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Transcript of History of the Internet by Nicole Lopez

by: Nicole Lopez
History of the Internet
It all started in 1957 when USSR first launched Sputnik into space. In response, the USA created DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Project Agency) to start work of becoming the leading nation in new science and technological discoveries.
1957
Leonard Kleinrock at MIT wrote a paper called "Information Flow in Large Communication Nets" which communicated his theories and concept for packet switching the technology underpinning internet connections.
1961
The first wide area computer network was created. A TX-2 Massachusetts computer to another computer based in California using a relatively low speed dial up telephone line.
1965
The Arpanet is born. It was the first real network to run on packet switching technology. The network was wired together via 50Kbps circuits. First message sent across the network was supposed to be 'Login' but crashed when the letter 'G' was typed.
1969
1970
Network Control Protocol (NCP) is designed allowing connections and flow control between processes running on different computer hosts.
1972
Email is introduced. Ray Tomlison what was to become the standard internet email across the format using the @ sign to seperate the usernames from the hosts.
1974
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol is designed (TCP/IP) a proposal was published to ling Arpa-like networks together into a so called "internetwork"
1977
The first PC Modem. The development of the first PC Modem was introduced and initially sold to computer hobbyists.
1978
The Bulletin Board System (BBS) is developed and Spam is born.
1982
The first emoticon is born and the term internet is used instead of the Arpanet. =) and =( was used to convey emotions
1984
Domain Name System (DNS) servers allowed internet users to type in an easy-to-remember domain name and converted it to the IP adress automatically. It made addresses on the internet more friendly.
1988
Internet Relay Chat (IRC) is developed. IRC paved away for real-time chat and the instant messaging programs we use today.
1989
AOL is launched and WWW proposal. When Apple pulled out the AppleLink program in 1989, the project was renamed and America Online was born. AOL still in existence today, made the internet popular amongst the average internet users.
1990
First commercial dial-up ISP and WWW protocols finished. The world was launched with it and Arpanet ceased to exist. And the code for the World Wide Web was written by Tim Berners-Lee based on his proposal on the year before along with the standards for HTML, HTTP, and URLs.
1991
the first web page was created and ts purpose was to explain what the World Wide Web was. It was purely text based site with lots of highlighted links embedded into text which linked users to other addressees and pages.
1993
Mosaic- first graphical web browser for the general public was introduced. Also in the same year marked the beginning of the gov. and org. domain names for the government and UN.
1995
Commercialization on the Internet and Javascript was introduced. The first Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) allowed credit card using more safer and this saw the introduction of Ebay and Amazon, two of the biggest e-commerce business name on the internet.
1996
Hot mail is introduced the first web mail service to launch on the internet.
1998
Google! and Napster are launched. Google is brought online, revolutionizing the way people search for information through its pioneering ranking system that uses links to assess website popularity.
2001
Wikipedia is launched one of the websites that paved the way for collective web content generation/social media.
2003
Skype and MySpace are launched. Skype is released to the public, giving a user friendly interface to voice over IP calling. MySpace becomes the most popular social site.
Facebook is launched by Mark Zuckerberg
YouTube is launched, bringing free online video hosting and sharing to the massess.
2004
2005
2006
Twitter is launched, and was originally going to be called Twittr (inspired by Flickr).
2007
Hulu was first launched a joint venture between ABC, NBC and Fox to make popular TV shows available to watch online. Also the Iphone was launched too which renewed interest in mobile web applications and design.
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