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Transcript of Psychotherapy
* Psycho Dynamic/Analytic
Eclectic approach: variety of above approaches All Therapies have common goal
in assisting people in dealing with
their problems. Traits therapies have in common:
*empathetic relationship/empathy Mind-Body Connection:
Psychosomatic: your ill-thinking can bring out a physical consequence
Dr. Chopra & Ayurvedic medicince: believed life knowlege, mind controls body (positive thinking), and good diet all lead to getting rid of illness.
Placebo effect: you think something is going to happen- so it does Characteristics of therapists that cause most
* Communicate care and concern to the client
*Earn client's respect and trust through
respectful listening, reassurance, and advice Anti-psychotic drugs:
* used to treat schizophrenics
* dampen responsiveness to irrelevant stimuli
* side effects include sluggishness, tremors,
twitches, tardive dyskinesia, obesity, and diabetes Benefits to antianxiety drugs: help people cope w/
frightening situations and fear-triggering stimuli
Drawbacks to antianxiety drugs: psychological
dependence, insomnia, and risk of diabetes
Benefits of antidepressant drugs: treats depression,
and helps increase seratonin and norepinephrine
Drawbacks of antidepressant drugs: hypertension,
works slowly, dry mouth, dizzy spells Biomedical therapy: physically changing the
brain functioning by altering its chemistry
Psychopharmacology: the study of the effects
of drugs on mind and behavior. What is ECT, what is it used to treat, and how does
-It is a biomedical therapy for severely depressed
patients, used to treat depression. A patient is put
under general anesthetic and give electric shocks to
the brain. Psychosurgery: surgery that
removes or destroys brain
tissue in an effort to change
Example: lobotomy Lobotomy: cuts the nerves that connect
the frontal lobe to the emotion-controlling centers of the inner brain.
It makes someone more tranquil and not
An ice pick like instrument is put through the eye sockets, then it is wiggled aroung to cut off connections.
Results are the person is permanently lathargic, immature, and impulsive. How to reduce psychological disorders:
* Interpret psychological disorders as understandable
responses to a disturbing and stressful society.
*Albee-support programs that alleviate poverty discrimination, and other demoralizing situations. Psycho dynamic/analytic:
Goal: brings repressed feelings in conscious and patients can deal with them
Important People: Sigmund Freud
Techniques/methods used: free association, dream analysis, release suppressed energy from id, ego, and superego, interpersonal psycho therapy
Other key terms: latent content, resistance, transference, insight.
Time focus/emphasis: past Humanistic:
Goal: boost self-fulfillment by helping people grow in self-awareness and acceptance.
Important people: Karl Rogers, Maslow, Rollo May
Techniques/methods used: client centered therapy where therapists uses active listening with genuine and accepting enviroment.
Other key terms: active listening, unconditional positive regard, paraphrase, invite clarification.
Time focus/ emphasis: present and future Behavior:
Goal: change a behavior and the healing power of self-awareness.
Important people: B. F. Skinner, Pavlov, Mary Cover Jones, Watson, Moher
Techniques/methods used: classical conditioning, operant conditioning, exposure therapy, aversive conditioning, systematic, desensification
Other key terms: virtual reality exposure therapy, token economy
Time focus/emphasis: present C Cognitive:
Goal: teach new ways of thinking and change the patient's mindset
Important people: Albert Ellis, Erin Beck, Ross, Schwartz
Techniques/methods used: role playing, modeling, humor, homework, inoculation training
Other key terms: insight, cognitive-behavior therapy
Time focus/ emphasis: present Group/Family:
Goal: bring back balance to the families
Important people: AA, Alateen, Alanon
Techniques/methods used: role playing, halfway house, encounter groups, individual therapy, modeling
Other key terms: family therapy
Time focus/emphasis: present and future