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Literary Devices

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Jose Antonio Syquia

on 27 January 2013

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Transcript of Literary Devices

Literary Devices AP English 11
1st Period
Hackney Jas Syquia Allegory Ambiquity Analogy Anecdote Aphorism Archetype Atmosphere Alliteration Allusion Antithesis Apostrophe Asyndeton Assonance Ballad Balanced Sentence Blank Verse Burlesque Cacophony Cadence Characterization Chiasmus Cliche Climax Colloquialism Conceit Conflict Connotation Consonance Couplet Deliberative Rhetoric Denotation Details Dialogue Diction Dramatic Monologue Elaboration Enigma Epideictic Diction Epic Epithet Epistrophe Essay Ethos Euphemism Euphony Exposition Figurative Language First Person Flashback Foreshadowing Foil Free Verse Hyperbole Idiom Imagery Interior Monologue Irony Judicial Rhetoric Kairos Limerick Litotes Logos Loose Sentence Metaphor Memoir Meter Metonymy Mimesis Monologue Mood Motif Motivation Myth Narration Non Sequiter Ode Omniscient Onomatopoeia Oxymoron Parable Paradox Parrallelism Pathos Persuasion Prose Persona Personification Plot Point Of View Polysyllabic Protagonist Pun Rhetoric Repetition Rhyme Romanticism Saga Sarcasm Satire Scenario A narrative that serves as an extended metaphor Scarlet Letter
The Divine Comedy A statement/phrase/idea open with the ability to be taken multiple ways (have multiple meanings) Drunk gets nine months in violin case
Juvenile court to try shooting defendant
Kids make nutritious snacks A comparison between two things (either singular or in pairs) to show their similarity Like a fish out of water
Quiet as a mouse
Life is a box of chocolates Story that often has a moral lesson A firefighter telling a story about one of the events he's been in to schoolkids A brief statement of a truth, a principle, a doctrine, etc. Early to bed, early to rise
Makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise The original model after which others come from Evil villain (Darth Vader, Sauron, Voldemort)
Old wise man (Yoda, Merlin, Gandalf) The mood set by a piece of literature, typically through descriptions of setting The dark and dreary castle
The sunny fields Repetition of consonant sounds, typically at the beginning of words She sells sea shells by the sea shore
Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers A reference to a person, place, thing, other work in pieces of literature Chocolate was her Achille's heel Two contrary ideas in the same sentence Speech is silver, Silence is gold
Easy on the eyes, Hard on the heart When the speaker addresses someone/something not present Twinkle twinkle, little star, how I wonder what you are Leaving out all conjunctions in a sentence I came, I saw, I conquered Repetition of vowel sounds in a sentence Row, row, row your boat... A short, narrative, folk song
(Typically focusing on the climax of a story) Restless hearts

Sleep alone tonight

Sending all my love along the wire

They say that the road

Ain't no place to start a family

Right down the line it's been you and me

And loving a music man

Ain't always what it's supposed to be

Oh Girl

You stand by me

I'm forever yours

Faithfully Sentence where the main idea is in the middle of the sentence Ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country Verses that don't rhyme, typically in poetry The poet’s eye, in a fine frenzy rolling,

Doth glance from heaven to earth,

from earth to heaven;

And, as imagination bodies forth

The forms of things unknown, the poet’s pen

Turns them to shapes and gives to airy nothing

A local habitation and a name. Literature that mocks a a person, place, thing, etc. through irony, sarcasm or wit Don Quixote In literature, it is the use of harsh-sounding, or unpleasant sounds A witch's evil cackle
The grating of nails on a chalkboard The melodic pattern near the end of the sentence or phrase, usually dependent on an author's personal style ...certain unalienable rights... The author's use of diction, whether descriptions, dialogue, events or actions, to describe a character to a reader. When a thief gives part of his loot to a homeless child, he can be characterized as a benevolent person
In contrast, a lord who mistreats his servants and acts selfishly ican be characterized as malevolent Switching the placement of a common phrase Jelly and peanut butter
Pepper and salt A phrase/statement that's been overused Curiousity killed the cat
Easier said than done
It's raining cats and dogs Point in any work that is led up to by everything previously, and everything afterwards is beginning to conclude, essentially, the peak of the story The final battle in Lord of The Rings, with the good forces vs. Sauron
When Luke is fighting Darth Vader in Star Wars A common phrase/speech Y'all for southerners
Fish'n'chips for British An elaborate/unusual comparison Two kings competing for power are like two buckets in a well (Shakespeare) The opposition between either two characters, a character and the environment, or the character and himself, and is typically what drives the plot forward Forces of good vs. Sauron
Harry Potter vs. Lord Voldemort
Katniss vs. President Snow Extra feelings assosciated with certain words that go beyond the concrete definition Home doesn't have as warm a feeling as house
Hot doesn't have quite the excitement of passion Alliteration where the repeated consonants are marked by changing vowels as well Linger
Rider Two lines that form a complete literary work and rhyme, typically a poem When Silly Sally irons her clothes, they come out looking awful/She did not read the label and her iron was meant to waffle When persuading the reader to take, or not take, a particular course of action Senators proposing bills
Lobbyists for companies The concrete definition of a word, as defined in the dictionary, compared to the connotation (see above) Home and house are defined as both places of living (see above for connotation) Specifics added by an author to add more appeal, or more weight to what he's currently saying The young man
The scrawny man
The haggard man
~All provide a different view of the man, depending on the detail added by the author The lines spoken by a character in a work "But whoever is there," Klaus said, pointing to the flickering light, "won't let us rent a sailboat."
"They won't know we're the Baudelariess," Violet replied. "We'll tell whoever it is that we're the Jones children and that we want to go for a sail." A writers choice of wording The difference between:
The angry man
The irate man
The furious man
The infuriated man A speech or soliloquy made by a single character, either addressing the reader or a person of note, and typically involves deep revelations/insight into the character's feelings Ulysses
My Last Duchess
Porphyria's Lover The author's refining of a subject, typically through adding details and evidence The house on the hill
The pink house on the hill, surrounded by a moat and protected by trained monkeys Something or someone who is puzzling or a mystery Yoda, from Star Wars
Mad Hatter from Alice in Wonderland A type of diction that is meant to either praise or condemn a person or group They are no more. They are dead. But how little is there of the great and good which can die! To their country they yet live, and live for ever. They live in all that perpetuates the remembrance of men on earth; in the recorded proofs of their own great actions, in the offspring of their intellect, in the deep-engraved lines of public gratitude, and in the respect and homage of mankind. They live in their example; and they live, emphatically, and will live, in the influence which their lives and efforts, their principles and opinions, now exercise, and will continue to exercise, on the affairs of men, not only in their own country but throughout the civilized world.
-Daniel Webster praising Thomas Jefferson and John Adams A poem of great length that focuses on the story a a great hero, and is told in, as can be expected, epic fashion, typically involing great scenes, landscapes, battles and characters Paradise Lost
Odyssey A short, poetic nickname that is added to a character's actual name for description or praise Fleet-footed Achilles
Grey-eyed Athena
Poseidon, savior of sailors Repetition of a word or phrase at the end of a sentence ...Of the people, by the people, for the people...
I scream, you scream, we scream for ice cream A short literary work that typically focuses on a particular topic or theme The Declaration of Independence
The Gettysburg Address One method of argument in which the author uses the credibility of someone to increase the effectiveness of their argument Dr. Blankety-blank states...
Professor Randomperson comments... Exchanging a harsh phrase with a milder one Instead of Blankety Blank died - Blankety Blank kicked the bucket
Random Person was fired - Random Person was laid off Opposite of cacophony, when words are grouped together to sound pleasant, and in harmony Season of mists and mellow fruitfulness,
Close bosom-friend of the maturing sun;
Conspiring with him how to load and bless
With fruit the vines that round the thatch-eves run; When the author discusses background material to a story in a straightforward manner, rather than through narrative details Magazine articles and editorials typically consist of pure exposition, as do introductions to novels and such Word or phrase that is different from the literal language usually used in literary works, used for the sake of comparison or emphasis He sticks out like a sore thumb (Simile)
She is a tiger when angry (Metaphor)
I could eat a horse (Hyperbole) Point of view where the narrator is a character in the literary work I went to the store, asking the cashier-tender if he had the special monkey-sharpeners in stock. He said he didn't, but that he'd order them as soon as he could, and notify me when they were available.
"Jasmine will be resurrected!" I thought to myself. When the narrative changes to a point in time or even that had already occured, used to provide background information that could help explain current events You see, the feuding had been going on a for a very long time, starting with Blankety Blank and Random Person, on a farm in Europe...
They were childhood friends, and had been ever since they were born, but soon, their views changed, and they became bitter enemies... When the narrative hints at any event that could happen later in the literary work "That's a nice monkey-sharpener," Blankety Blank said,
"It'd be a shame if something happened to it." A character that contrasts highly with another character in order to emphasize certain aspects of the other character. Mr. Blank was an evil-natured person, always out looking for ways to exploit the helpless serfs undearneath him, wheras Random Person was the paragon of benevolence, working tirelessly to aid all who needed it, turning away none. Poetry with rhythm that is based off of natural pauses, rather then meter I shall go

Up and down,

In my gown.

Gorgeously arrayed,

Boned and stayed.

And the softness of my body will be guarded from embrace

By every button, hook, and lace.

For the man who should loose me is dead,

Fighting with the Duke in Flanders,

In a pattern called a war.

Christ! What are patterns for? Figurative language where something is greatly exaggerated Yo mama's so fat, she goes shopping for belts on Saturn
I'm so hungry, I could eat a horse
The lightning struck the ground with such force it could have split a mountain A particular dialect that is specific to a people, and cannot be matched word-for-word by any other language Saved by the bell
A piece of cake
It's raining cats and dogs The way that the author visualizes the scene portrayed in the readers head, utilizing all five senses As the dashing young monkey flew through the vivid, green foliage, his bright blood trailed behind him. The smell of tropical fruits mixing with the stench of the recent battle was stifling. As he soared through the trees, he let out a hoarse cry of despair: he had lost Jasmine, the magical pencil-sharpening monkey he had sworn to protect. When the author depicts the personal thoughts of a single character, just as that character had thought of them, without biasing the effect by providing any analysis or commentary As Jasmine fell through the air, her fate unknown, her beautiful past came back to haunt her in her thoughts... Is this how I finally leave my pencil-sharpening days? There was still so much left to live for. It's a shame I couldn't have left a note. Everyone in that classroom seemed to love me. Especially that one kid with the name like a music genre. Anyways, at least I've still got whatever future there is in this rotten hole. Verbal Irony (Sarcasm) - Saying one thing but meaning another
Dramatic Irony - When the reader knows something that the character does not
Situational Irony - When an incident occurs accidentally, but is oddly appropriate "Like, that dress *so* not makes her look fat."
In Oedipus, we know that Oedipus killed his own father, and marries his own mother, before he finds out.
A pickpocket getting his pocket picked. Evoking the context of a courtroom by using accusation and acquittal to persuade an audience to make a judgement about something that occured in the past. "It was HIM. This man was placed at the scene of the crime, exactly as it was happening, and in possession of a monkey-net. Mr. Blankety Blank took Jasmine, and we have all the evidence to prove it." A time and place in which circumstances are just right for the appropriate action to be taken. Dear Mother and Dad:

It has now been three months since I left for college. I have been remiss in writing this, and I am very sorry for my thoughtlessness in not having written before. I will bring you up to date now, but before you read on, please sit down. YOU ARE NOT TO READ ANY FURTHER UNLESS YOU ARE SITTING DOWN. OKAY!

Well then, I am getting along pretty well now. The skull fracture and the concussion I got when I jumped out of the window of my dormitory when it caught fire shortly after my arrival are pretty well healed now. I only get those sick headaches once a day. . . .

Yes, Mother and Dad, I am pregnant. I know how much you are looking forward to being grandparents, and I know you will welcome the baby and give it the love, devotion and tender care you gave me when I was a child. . . .

Now that I have brought you up to date, I want to tell you that there was no dormitory fire, I did not have a concussion or a skull fracture. I was not in the hospital, I am not pregnant, I am not engaged. I do not have syphilis and there is no man in my life. However, I am getting a D in history and an F in science, and I wanted you to see those marks in the proper perspective.

Your Loving Daughter A five line form of poetry that rhymes in AABBA pattern. The first two lines are anapestic trimeter, the next two lines are anapestic dimeter and the last line is a trimeter. There once was a monkey named Jasmine,
Who lived life without making much din,
But then she fell,
And all could tell,
They would have to inform her kin. An extreme understatement. This literary device project isn't so bad. A method of argument where the speaker utilizes logic to persuade an audience. Cigarettes contain 69 chemicals which are known to cause cancer, therefore, smoking is harmful.
Pencil sharpening monkeys have 50% more blades, therefore, sharpen pencils better. Type of sentence where the main idea comes at the beginning of the sentence. Jasmine, the pencil-sharpening monkey of the class, fell off the high desk. A comparison in which something is said to be another thing, without using like or as. Her eyes were stars.
The world is your oyster.
The pencil-sharpening monkey was a ninja's blade, cutting through wood. An autobiography where the focus is less on the author him/herself and more on the people/events that he/she witnessed. The diary of a young girl, by Anne Frank
The Glass Castle, by Jeannette Walls
Night, by Elie Wiesel Pattern of stressed syllables that helps create rhythm in poetry. Iambic - a lightly stressed syllable followed by a heavily stressed one.
Anapestic - two light syllables followed by a heavily stressed one. Using an object to embody someone or something else. Using "the Crown" rather than the Queen.
Using "the White House" rather than the President. A representation of something, rather than an imitation. A book or movie about World War II.
The Nature symphonies - attempting to represent the different seasons. A speech made by a single character that reflects his/her internal thoughts and emotions. Since I have your attention for the next 90 seconds I wanted to say that I just realized no matter what I do up here

to show who I am, it isn’t about me. It’s about you. You, sitting out there, writing and staring, staring and writing,

nothing here matters unless it’s what YOU want. How can you expect me to appeal to everyone in the amount of

time it takes to heat up a can of Chef Boyardee? Some of you want me to give you Shakespeare, abridged but

obscure, something you’ve never heard before, like that’s going to happen, “Oh for a muse of fire that would

ascend the brightest heaven of invention, a kingdom for a stage, princes to act and monarchs to behold the swelling

scene.” Some want me to pull in and make you see my soul with the slightest turn of my head and a glisten in my

eye (Demonstrates). You may be thinking, can she belt? (sing) YES I CAN! What about legit…(sing magic flute

cliché). How about a time step? (does time step) make it a double Sam. (does double time step) Accents anyone?

(proper British) “Would you like your tea and crumpets in the library Miss Cardew,” or (thick Cockney)“Good

Day there Govn’r, could you spare a little kindness for the poor,” or (deep Southern) “Big Daddy always says that

being relations doesn’t mean you can’t have relations.” What human being could possibly show all of that in the

time allowed? So while you are staring and writing staring and writing answer me this…do you want an audition

or a bowl of ravioli? Because I guess I could act that too. The emotions that the author create for the reader/audience through setting and atmosphere. As the flickering light cast eerie, dancing shadows across the floor, the harsh caw of a raven broke the silence. A reoccuring theme, symbol or object in literary works. The use of pencil-sharpening monkeys throughout this project. The reason why a character pursues a course of action. Jason, the stapler-monkey was so devastated by Jasmine, the pencil-sharpening monkey's death, that he vowed the rest of his life to pursuing the murderers and exacting revenge. Traditional tale typically specific to a certain culture and told to explain certain phenomena, usually with mighty beings such as gods or titans. Pandora's box - Story of how evils entered the world
Prometheus - How fire came to be used by humans The telling of a story. Narrative of the life of Frederick Douglass
Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Something abruptly said which is completely irrelevant to the current conversation that it is said in, and due to it's irrelevancy, usually has a comedic effect. "Goodness gracious, this literary project is taking so long, but I do have an overabundant supply of chocolate milk. A long and elaborate poem, typically focusing on a specific subject, and treating it reverently. Ode to the Confederate Dead by Allen Tate.

“Row after row with strict impunity

The headstones yield their names to the element,

The wind whirrs without recollection;

In the riven troughs the splayed leaves

Pile up, of nature the casual sacrament

To the seasonal eternity of death;

Then driven by the fierce scrutiny

Of heaven to their election in the vast breath,

They sough the rumour of mortality.” Knowing all the thoughts and emotions of all characters. Mr. Blankety-blank began to feel malice towards Mr. Random person, wishing he had never met him in the first place. - Here, the narrator reveals his omniscient knowledge of Mr. Blankety-blank by showing his inner thoughts. Using words that sound similar to the noise they are representing. CRASH. BOOM. KERSPLUNK. PEWPEWPEW. Having two contradictory words next to each other. Bitter Sweet
Great Depression
Clean kill
Even Odds A story meant to teach moral principles. The Good Samaritan
The Prodigal Son
The Mustard Seed Something that appears to be false but is true, or vice versa. This is the beginning of the end.
Peace is earned through war.
Deep down, he's really shallow. When the author creates similar patterns of gramatical structure. Buy a bucket of chicken and have a barrel of fun.
It is by logic we prove, but by intuition we discover. A type of argument in which the author tries to envoke the readers/viewers emotions in order to persuade them. ASPCA commercials - the pictures of abused dogs help make you pity their lives. When the author tries to convince the reader/viewer about something, usually using pathos, ethos and logos. ASPCA commercials show you pictures of abused dogs to try and get you to donate money to help them. Any literary work that is not poetry. Novels
Essays An external representation of someone that my or may not be completely accurate, depending on what they are trying to depict. Outside, he wore shining armor and brandished his gold sword, giving the appearance of a fantastic knight. However, in the privacy of his castle, Mr. Blankety-blank was a cold, hard, pencil-sharpening monkey killer. Whenever non-human entities, such as animals or inanimate objects, are given human-like characteristics. The halloween pumpkin smiled at me.
The wind whispered softly in my ears. The main story of a work. The main plot of Lord of the Rings is to get the ring thrown into Mount Doom to destroy Sauron, the Dark Lord. From where a story is told, and who tells it. First Person - A character is telling the story, and uses first-person pronouns such as I, we, etc.
Third Person - A narrator outside of the story tells the story, using them, he, she, etc. Having more than one syllable. Reincarnation
Invisibility The good characters of a story. Frodo, in Lord of the Rings
Harry Potter, in Harry Potter (duh)
Luke Skywalker, in Star Wars A play on words. Corduroy pillows are making headlines.
Without geometry, life is pointless. The art of persuasive argumentation through language. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass
"Ain't I a woman too?" -Sojourner Truth
The repeating of a word, phrase, sentence, structure, etc. for emphasis. Alliteration
Epistrophe The matching sound of two or more words. If you do the crime, you gotta do the time.
The cat in the hat flew with the bat. Artistic style in which emotions and natural passions are prevalent. Grimm's Fairy Tales
Ivanhoe Narratives about famous heroes or the exploits of old kings and warriors. Star Wars Saga
Harry Potter Saga
Twilight Saga (sadly) Saying one thing and meaning another. You're such a *great* person.
You have such *wonderful* person. An attack on any human vice through the use of wit, humor, and sarcasm. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn The outline or plot of a dramatic work. Transformers is about two groups of robots that can transform into other vehicles and are fighting a war against each other, one group trying to protect Earth, and the other group trying to destroy it. ~Fin~
Thanks for viewing!
-Jas Syquia
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