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Motivation & Performance in Groups
Transcript of Motivation & Performance in Groups
Motivation & Performance in Groups
Definition of a group
Influence of size & diversity
How to transform a group into a "team" in U.S. culture
How groups function within very individualistic countries
How groups function within very collectivist countries
Tips for working effectively in groups when members represent a variety of placements on the individualistic - collectivist continuum
How groups function in very collectivistic countries
Motivation: Common Collectivistic Concerns
Belongingness, conformity, empathy, cohesion and cooperation.
With a strong belief in synergy, and an emphasis on cohesion and cooperation, groups in collectivistic countries often operate sound and efficiently, as grouphate is a rarity.
Individualistic Collectivistic Contiuum
Unique Traits/Patterns in Collectivistic Nations & Groups
Negotiation: Private and mediated. The goal is to reach a compromise, reinstating group harmony.
High degree of family (group) value- it is much more common in a collectivistic country for multiple generations to live in one household.
Attitude towards public outside of group: Though relationships with other group members tend to be very strong in collectivistic countries, collectivistic groups members tend to be rather distant in interacting with outsiders.
Preserving Public image
Intercultural Training &Cultural Intelligence
Six Steps To Cultural Change
Non Verbal Communication
Achieving Maximum Performance in Collectivistic Groups
Resolute Conformity: Conformity that is unforced and without pressure.
Making sure the pieces fit together: Promoting synergy through complimentary skill-sets; using autonomous functions to reach group success.
Moving forward together: Collectively advancing and innovating, while still adhering to traditions.
Collectivism: In what parts does it flourish?
Asia, Africa, Latin America, and in certain parts of Europe- including Turkey, Greece and Portugal.
Confronting issues in Collectivism
Cohesion Disillusion: Attaining less than maximum results without knowing.
Intense pressures creating negative psychological effects; struggles to understand and treat these effects.
Adherence of tradition: Vertical vs Horizontal power structure in groups. Traditions create guidelines.
The Difference Between a Group and a Team
A group is a collection of individuals who coordinate their individual efforts, while a team is a group of people who share a common team purpose and a number of challenging goals.
Members of a team are mutually committed to the goals of the team and to each other.
This mutual commitment also creates joint accountability which creates a strong bond and a strong motivation to perform
The most important quality in a team is good cooperation
A team must have a clear cut goal and each member needs to understand how they can contribute to the success of the team
Although individual skill and experience is important, none of it will help unless everyone is works together
Having a mix of characteristics such as academic ability, race, and gender all play a part in forming a good team
Well organized teams know the best way to utilize each team member's strengths and weaknesses in order to complete the task in the quickest most efficient way
Although it is good to have a focused leader, in good teams the leadership roles are shared among others in the team.
How Groups Function within Individualistic Countries
Experts all over the world have determined that individualism is thought to be an important value to differ one culture from another.
*Derek C. Man and Simon S. K. Lam from
Journal of Organization Behavior
have indicated that "increased job complexity and autonomy have often been associated with improved performance in work groups."
* Sampled an experiment consisting of 381 teams from Hong-Kong and the U.S.
-Results of their experiment said to be that job complexity cohesiveness are also found to be more prominent for individualistic rather than collectivists groups.
The Children's Society
, predict that as our country increases with excessive individualism, "it can be the greatest threat to our children."
*They indicate, children who experience tremendous emotional and behavioral difficulties have increased from 8% in 1974 to 16% in 1999, and has remained the same.
In today's society, working within groups of individualistic countries can make it difficult to find a balance of where you belong.
A team is made up of many different people in hopes that each one of them will bring something to the group.
And how they relate to one another is a very important factor in determining how successful their team will be.
emphasis on the individual
greater value on personal goals
tend to be more diverse cultures
Individualistic cultures are classified as low power distance, or horizontal, cultures.
U.S. ranks 38th in the world on the power distance scaled.
Low Context vs. High Context
Individualistic cultures are also classified as having a low-context communication style.
How to Become a Better Team
The team should meet and explain that working as a team will benefit all members by increasing motivation, satisfaction, and productivity
This is where having good group synergy and cohesiveness plays a large part in the success of a team
An example of negative synergy was the USA Men's national basketball team in the 2002 world cup
The team was the clear favorites to win it all due to their individual talent, but failing to work together resulted in one of the worst finishes for the U.S finishing in 6th place
Changing members of a group is essential to stay successful. Groups need to change personal in order to bring in new skills and knowledge that was initially weak in the team.
How to stay successful as a Team
Many well organized teams require many different resources and a long term commitment to the team
Rothwell gives his definition of a team as " a smll number of people with complementary skills who act as an interdependent unit, are equally committed to a common mission, subscribe to a cooperative approach to accomplish that mission, and hold themselves accountable for team performance"