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Monks & Monasteries
Transcript of Monks & Monasteries
is a man who separates himself from ordinary society to dedicate himself to God. The practice of living the life of a monk is known as
Definition to remember
Monks devoted most of their life to Christianity and were guided by a set of rules made from Saint Benedict .The Monasteries were where the communities of monks gathered.
A monastery is a building where a community of monks would come together to teach, heal, and spread their faith. Monasteries became the centers of learning in the middle ages.
The first Christian monastery was
founded in Egypt in the 4th century
by St Pachomius
The First Monastery
Medieval Peasants were taught that the only way to Heaven and salvation was from the Church. Therefore people worked on Church land for free. Money dues were paid to the church for baptism, marriage and death. Also every year, each family paid a tenth of its yearly worth to the Church. Such an income made the Church fabulously wealthy and powerful. It gained vast areas of land and it was on this land that the monasteries were built.
Where the Monasteries wer Built
Monks were important in the middle ages because they
were the social workers of their communities. They provided schools for the young, hospitality for travelers, and hospitals for the sick. They also taught peasants carpentry and weaving and made agricultural improvements that they passed on to others.