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Nelson Mandela

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Molly Campbell

on 2 June 2015

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Transcript of Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela
By: Molly Campbell & Sarah Hartman
Born July 18th 1918 in the village of Mvezo, Transkei
Early Life
South African Factions
Ethnic Groups
"South Africa - People - Ethnic Groups." South Africa - People - Ethnic Groups. 1 Oct. 1999. Web. 1 June 2015.
Bibliography

"Nelson Mandela." Early Life. Berkshire House 168-173 High Holborn London WC1V 7AA T, 2009. Web. 1 June 2015.

"SouthAfrica.info." South Africa's Political Parties. South Africa Info. Web. 1 June 2015.
Multiparty system
African National Congress (ANC)
ANC is in control of most provinces
Political Parties
South African Factions
4 major groups until 1991
Different categories exist in the different groups
Apartheid
Imprisonment
Sharpeville Massacre
Attended primary school in Qunu, his teacher gave him the name Nelson
His birth name is Rolihlahla Mandela
Went to Healdtown; Wesleyan Secondary School
Attended many colleges
Was arrested and convicted of conspiracy
Sentenced for life imprisonment
Mandela served for 27 years
"Year of the Pass"
Pan Africanist Congress (PAC)
Anticipated Campaigns
69 dead, 300 injured
Runaway Success


"Sharpeville Massacre, 21 March 1960 | South African History Online." Sharpeville Massacre, 21 March 1960 | South African History Online. South African History Online. Web. 28 May 2015.


System of government where there is a large amount of racial discrimination
Racial discrimination was long before Apartheid
Split government led to National Party winning in 1948
South Africa's Political Makeup Today
President serves as head of state and head of the government
Republic of South Africa
Nine provinces
African National Congress is dominating South African politics

Reactions

"Sharpeville Massacre, 21 March 1960 | South African History Online." Sharpeville Massacre, 21 March 1960 | South African History Online. South African History Online. Web. 28 May 2015.

United States
Anti-apartheid leaders fled to other countries to help
Helped end the apartheid in 1991-94


Carlin, John.
Knowing Mandela: A Personal Portrait
. New York: HarperCollins. Print.
Soweto Demonstrations
Broke the "Silent Decade"
June 16, 1976
Planned peaceful protest that went wrong
176 dead, hundreds more injured
Picture of the peaceful beginning of the Soweto Protest, before the shots were fired

Welch, John. "The Cold War Museum." Cold War Museum. Cold War Museum. Web. 30 May 2015.


F.W. de Klerk & Bishop Desmond Tutu
Klerk
Tutu
was elected president of South Africa in 1989
worked with Mandela to end Apartheid
repealed racial laws that existed in the 20th century
social rights activist in South Africa
spokesperson for civil rights
major opponent of apartheid in the 1980's
Welch, John. "The Cold War Museum." Cold War Museum. Cold War Museum. Web. 30 May 2015.
Dell, Pamela. Nelson Mandela: Freedom for South Africa. Chicago: Childrens, 1994. Print.
Impact
Nelson Mandela had a huge impact on our society today, as well as South Africa's society. But he didn't only impact whole societies, he impacted people. One of those very important people were Martin Luther King Jr., who fought for civil rights in the United States. Mandela was also one of the many activists that helped to pull their country out of distress and rebuild them to where they are today.
Review
Born as Rolihlahla Mandela in 1918
Arrested and sentenced to life in prison
Fought with many others against apartheid and racial inequality
Influenced MLK
Became president in 1994 and stepped down in 1999, only serving one term
Died December 5, 2013
Green, Robert. Nelson Mandela: Activist for Equality. Chanhassen: Child's World, 2003. Print.
Politics Continued
South Africa's Parliament is made up of two houses
The National Assembly and the National Council of Provinces
Democratic elections every 5 years since 1994
All Africans can vote after Apartheid
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-23618727
Full transcript