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Poetry -

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by

Francisco Santiago

on 18 October 2016

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Transcript of Poetry -

Poetry Warm Up / Poetry For Life
It is a
literary work
in which special intensity is given to the expression of
FEELINGS
and
IDEAS
y the use of distinctive
style
and
rhythm.

Literary Devices


How to WRite an Effective song in melody / rap / spoken Word
Famous Poets You should Know About
Taylor Mali
Poetry -
Mr. Santiago

Poem #1
: Begin writing a poem with verses beginning with I wish.
Poem #2
: Write a poem beginning with once, i killed a fish.
Poem #3:
Now begin each line with now. I love pie
Poem #4:
Now each statement has to be a lie.
Poem #5:
A memorable moment from this school year in each line.

Maya Angelou
What is poetry?
Lyric Poem
A
lyric poem
expresses a speaker's
emotions
or
thoughts
. They convey a single strong emotion. Songs are typically
lyric poems.

Free VERSE
Free verse is a poem that does not have any regular meter or rhyme scheme.
Poets writing in free verse try to capture the natural rhythms of ordinary speech.
Haiku
A haiku is a
three line
poem with
seventeen
syllables.
Five
each in
lines 1
and
3
and
seven
in
line 2.
A haiku usually contrasts two images from nature or daily life, a sesasonal word or discovery.
"An old pond!
A frog jumps in-
The sound of water."
Sonnet
-
14 line lyric poem.
Shakespeare typically wrote these poems. These were also made by the Italian poet, Petrarch.
They are typically LOVE poems.
Concrete Poems
A poem with a shape that suggests its subject; the poet arranges letters, words, punctuation and lines to create a picture.
Ballad
This is a song that tells a
story,
ballads use a steady rhythm, strong rhymes, and repetition.
Robert Frost
Simile
This and the following literary devices put aside LITERAL meanings in favor of imaginative connections.
X
is like
Y
Not a smiley.
Two unlike things are compared with words
like such as, like, as, than, or resembles.
Ex: Your hair looks
like
spaghetti that is about to be boiled.
Complete the following similes:
The toilet is as clean as..
The park is as quiet as…
The food is as tasty as…
Yellow cards resemble…
We all shout like….
He walks as..

Not Megatron.
X is Y
Is a comparison of two unlike things in which one is said TO BE another.
Unlike similes, metaphors do not contain a word such as like or as.
Define each example: You eat like a pig: __________
You are a pig_____________

METAPHOR
Types of Metaphors
A
direct metaphor
directly compares two things by using a verb such as are or is.

Example:
You are an animal!

An i
mplied metaphor
implies or suggests a comparison between two things, rather than stating the comparison directly.

Example:

John swelled and ruffled his plumage (versus John was a peacock).

Why is this implied?

Write 10 similes and 10 metaphors.
Personification
This is a type of metaphor, where
human qualities
are given to something that is
not
human, such as an
object, an animal, a force of nature, or even an idea.

Examples
: See Video on Personification in Pop Culture.
Find personification in the video.

Irony
Irony
in which a person says or writes one thing and means another, or uses words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of the literal meaning.
Hyperbole
A
hyperbole
is an extreme exaggeration used to make a point. It is like the opposite of “understatement.” It is from a Greek word meaning
“excess.”
I am so hungry I could eat a horse.
I have a million things to do.
I had to walk 15 miles to school in the snow, uphill.
I had a ton of homework.
If I can’t buy that new game, I will die.
An
oxymoron
(plural oxymora or oxymorons) is a figure of speech that joins elements that appear contradictory.
OXYMORON
Dark light
Living dead
Guest host (also: Permanent guest host)
Little while
Crazy wisdom
Mournful optimist
Violent relaxation
Sound DEvices
ONOMATOPEIA
Poets can also create sound effects by listening to the sounds the words make when you say them aloud.
(ahn uh mat uh pee uh)
Using words that sound like what they mean.
The words can echo a natural sound (buzz, hiss) or a mechanical noise. (clickety click, toot)
Alliteration
It is repeating the same
consonant
sound in several words.
F
ragrant
F
lowers,
D
og
D
ays,
C
ool as a
c
ucumber.
ASsonance
The repetition of vowel sounds in several words is assonance.
Ex. Q
ui
ck Fix, Ar
ou
nd Town
(AS uh nuhns)
Rhyme
schemes

RAp LIBS
Concrete Poem
(100 points)
End Rhyme
Rhymes in poetry occuring at the end of rhymes.
The most used rhymes in songs are
"heart"
and
"start
" with 54,000 results.
"love"
and
"above"
with 59,400 results and
"true"
and
"you"
with 78,100 results.
Internal
Rhymes
Not all rhymes come at the end of lines, these occur when at least one of the rhymed words falls within a line.
the RAven
by Edgar Allan
Poe
Approximate Rhymes
They repeat some sounds but are not exact echo. Unlike
Moon
and
June,
think of
moon
and
mourn.

step 1
Pick a
musical
style.
It can be
Rap, Electronic Music, Pop, Alternative, Rock, Spoken Word.
Think about what fits
your
style the most.
Step 2

Understand what songs are made up of:

Melody -
a linear succession of musical notes perceived a single entity.

Rhythm -
The timing of musical sounds and silences.

Harmony
- The use of simultaneous tones, notes and chords.

Step 3
Get inspired!
Inspiration can hit you at any second or
any moment of the day.
If you ever think of something, have a
voice recorde
r with you.
If you can't get inspired, brainstorm or do creative activities! :)
step 4
Choose a way to begin writing your song.
The Beatles used to start writing songs with a hummed melody they found catchy enough to be part of a song.
Then they added words to it, some made sense, some didn't.
Examples:
She Loves You
- Makes sense.
Dig a Pony
- Does not make sense.
Step 5
Figure out what you have
.
Figure out the mood you want.
If you come up with something really catchy, it can be your
chorus
.
If the melody you sing isn't that catchy, that can be a
verse.
You can know if something is catchy if a kid remembers it, or if you sing it to someone around you and it sticks on them like glue.
Step 6
Make sure you have a decent hook, something that everyone is going to remember.

Make sure that you are also saying something with your lyrics, and not just being random with them, unless it's comical.

Melody is really important, but good words to that melody make it even better.
Step 7
Put the song together in this format:
Verse, Chorus, Verse#2, Chorus, Bridge
( a contrasting section hich also preparates for the return of the chorus) and
Chorus.
Instructions
Get into groups of
3
. You will make a
band/rap group/spoken word group
Make your own
song, rap, or spoken word tune
(Recital of poetry on top of music).
Pick a
band/group name.
Both participants have to either
recite, sing or rap
in the classroom.
It has to last at least
2 minutes.

You will be evaluated on your fluency, correct use of grammar and vocabulary, interaction with
the audience.
Everyone has to recite. Everyone has to participate. If someone from the group doesn't participate equally, points will be taken off.
It has to include a minimum of 4 verses, the chorus twice, 1 bridge. There is no maximum. Enjoy!
A
concrete poem
is a poem in which the author arranges the words or letters in a particular shape or pattern relevant to the subject matter of the piece.
Pick an image to outline, the image will have to do with your poem's overall theme.
You will write into the image
, or you may do it the other way around.
Brainstorm descriptive words and phrases. Make sure they are appropriate!
No rules in rhythm or rhyme!
After you write in your words, erase the outline or the lines defining the object so you can only have words there.
Grammar has to be correct and appropriate. The poem needs to have at least 5 stanzas with 4 verses.
Vocabulary Discussion Poetry
Poem Links for the Test
http://www.shakespeare-online.com/sonnets/30detail.html
http://www.sparknotes.com/poetry/frost/section9.rhtml
http://www.cliffsnotes.com/literature/l/leaves-of-grass/summary-and-analysis-inscriptions/i-hear-america-singing
http://www.shmoop.com/the-raven/summary.html
http://www.studymode.com/essays/Women-By-Alice-Walker-1154911.html
http://www.shmoop.com/bells-poe/summary.html




Helpful Poetic Links
palpitating
(v) beating rapidly, throbbing.
Voluminous
adj.
Fully, in great volume.
Monotone

(n)
Uninterrupted repetition of the same tone. utterance of successive syllables or words without changing pitch or key
Pondered
(v) thought deeply about.
beguiling
(adj)
Tricking; charming.
Respite
(n) Rest; Relief
Diverged
(v) Branched out in different directions.
Stout
(adj)
Strong either physically or emotionally. You could also be considered stout as in corpulent.
Woes
(n) Great sorrows.
Wail
(v)
Lament, cry of deep sorrow.
Full transcript