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Ganglion VS Gout

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by

Margaret Lin

on 3 June 2014

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Transcript of Ganglion VS Gout

What is ganglion cysts?
is a term used to describe a mass or swelling that forms on or around joints or tendons, in the wrists, ankle, top of the foot, near the toes sometimes knees or elbows but they can be found on the spine as well as other parts of the body.
Although benign, they typically look like tumors which are filled with a clear fluid, and as they get larger in size they put pressure on the nerves, joint or surrounding tissue which can become irritated and painful. They can be small or large, soft or hard.
When on the foot these cysts can interfere with wearing shoes, as well as making walking painful.
Ganglion cysts
Occasionally go away on their own.
Aspiration and surgery
What Are the Treatment Options for Ganglion Cysts?
no clear answer
injury
the over use of a joint such as athletes, gymnasts, tennis or golf pro’s, yoga instructors, even typists and pianists
Why Do Ganglion Cysts Appear? What causes them?
To treat an acute attack:
Rest the affected joint(s).
Use ice to reduce swelling.
Take short-term medicines at the first sign of a gout attack, as prescribed by your doctor.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
Colchicine
Oral corticosteroids
What are the treatments for gout?
Differential diagnosis
Ganglion cyst

To manage long-term gout and prevent future attacks

Take medicines

Take steps to reduce the risk of future attacks.

Talk to your doctor about all the medicines you take. Some medicines may raise the uric acid level.

Manage your weight; get exercise; and limit alcohol, meat, and seafood.

Diagnosis of Gout
Physical exam
X-ray
Blood test
Joint fluid
Cytology
Gout
What is gout?
Margaret Lin
GOUT VS GANGLION CYST
Communication for healthcare profession
Gout is a type of arthritis. Gout causes sudden joint inflammation, usually in one joint. Severe gout can sometimes affect many joints at once. This is known as polyarticular gout.
Crystals known as uric acid.

Inflammation in a joint.

Joint inflammation causes pain, redness, heat, and swelling of the joint.

Uric acid is normally found in the body

A normal byproduct of certain proteins called purines

Uric acid level (hyperuricemia) include genetics, obesity, certain medications such as diuretics (water pills), and chronic decreased kidney function.
What causes gout?
What are symptoms and signs of gout?
Sudden onset of pain, swelling, heat, and redness.
Usually affects a single joint.
The pain is typically severe,
The affected joint is sensitive to touch
Affects joints in the lower extremities. The most typical location is the big toe. (Podagra)
The foot, knee, ankle, elbow, wrist, hands, or nearly any joint in the body.
Presence of tophi. A tophus is a hard nodule of uric acid that deposits under the skin( tophaceous gout),
Kidney stones may be a sign of gout as uric acid crystals can deposit in the kidney and cause kidney stones.
Management of gout
Which one, Gout or Ganglion cyst?
The END
Thank you very much!
QUESTIONS?
What is ganglion cyst
A ganglion cyst is a tumor or swelling on top of a joint or the covering of a tendon . It looks like a balloon of liquid (cyst). Inside the cyst is a thick, sticky, clear, colorless, jellylike material. Depending on the size, cysts may feel firm or spongy.
References
http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/ganglion_cyst?print=true
http://www.webmd.com/arthritis/tc/gout-topic-overview
https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=gout
Full transcript