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Transcript of Hamlet
By Rory C and Adam J
To be, or not to be? That is the question—
Whether ’tis nobler in the mind to suffer
The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune,
Or to take arms against a sea of troubles,
And, by opposing, end them? To die, to sleep—
Definition: a supernatural appearance of a person or thing
Guilt: One of the most important soliloquies in the entire play is Claudius’s repentance to God. For the first time in the whole play we see that Claudius does in fact have guilt about the crime that he has committed. This shows that Claudius has a sense of mortality and a conscious. It adds important depth to his character.
Definition: To deliver or expose to an enemy by treachery or disloyalty
Definition: King of Denmark
Definition: The act or practice of deceiving; concealment or distortion of the truth for the purpose of
misleading; duplicity; fraud; cheating.
Definition: easily broken, shattered, or damaged.
Definition: a feeling of responsibility or remorse for some offense, crime, wrong
Definition: the feeling of one who hates; intense dislike or extreme aversion or hostility.
Definition: a person of noble rank or birth.
Definition: conceitedly assertive and dogmatic in one's opinions.
Definition: The King’s advisor, and Ophelia & Laertes’ father
Definition: nauseated; feeling sick.
Definition: practice (a play, piece of music, or other work) for later public performance.
Definition: unusual or surprising in a way that is unsettling or hard to understand.
Definition: become tense, typically through anxiety or nervousness.
Definition: prone to change, fail, or give way; not stable
Definition: having or showing high moral standards.
Definition: A city in Germany
Definition: The roman numerals for 30.
Definition: shout or exclaim hoarsely.
Definition: great energy or enthusiasm in pursuit of a cause or an objective.
Apparition: The Apparition that appears throughout the play is of Hamlets murdered father. The Apparition is the one who confirms that Claudius is in fact a murderer and calls upon
Hamlet to avenge his death. (I,V,32-40) “I find thee apt,/And duller shouldst thou be than the
fat weed/That roots itself in ease on Lethe wharf,/Wouldst thou not stir in this. Now, Hamlet,
hear./'Tis given out that, sleeping in my orchard,/A serpent stung me. So the whole ear of
Denmark/Is by a forgèd process of my death/Rankly abused. But know, thou noble youth,/The
serpent that did sting thy father’s life/Now wears his crown.”
Betray: As if murder was not bad enough, Claudius also betrayed the trust of his brother before Claudius killed him. Hamlet Jr. is outraged that Claudius would befriend his own brother just to kill him for more power. (III,iii,80-84) “Oh, this is hire and salary, not revenge./He took my father grossly, full of bread,/With all his crimes broad blown, as flush as May./And how his audit stands who knows save
Deceit: Hamlet pretends to have gone mad in order to deceive the people around him so that he
can continue to gather evidence against Claudius without raising any suspicion. Hamlet shares his plan
with Horatio. (I,V 187-199) “Here, as before, never, so help you mercy,/How strange or odd soe'er I bear myself
/As I, perchance, hereafter shall think meet/To put an antic disposition on,/That you, at such times
seeing me, never shall,/With arms encumber'd thus, or this head-shake,/Or by pronouncing of some
doubtful phrase,/As 'Well, well, we know'; or 'We could, an if we would';/Or 'If we list to speak';
or 'There be, an if they might';/Or such ambiguous giving out, to note/That you know aught of me: this is
not to do,/So grace and mercy at your most need help you.
Claudius: Claudius is the main antagonist in Shakespeare’s Hamlet. Claudius is a self-absorbed, manipulative king with absolutely no regard for others.
Fragile: Throughout Hamlet, a lot of the characters resolve are shattered leading to blind
aggression and a hunger for vengeance. The first major character to crack was Claudius. When Hamlet
was laying on the pressure, Claudius cracks and breaks down in a church. Later in the play, Hamlet
himself seems to show signs of madness as he continues to fight impalpable grief and paranoia. It was
Ophelia who went completely mad. Most likely because she has been tossed around and used by her
father, king and Claudius to combat one another. The mind is a very fragile thing and can be easily
broken if not handled properly.
Hatred: There is a lot of hatred in Hamlet. Claudius most likely hated his brother and was envious of his power as king. Laertes hates Hamlet for killing his father and Hamlet, well Hamlet just hates everyone. All of these people deserve to be hated in some way for their actions. However, poor Ophelia was the only one whom did not deserve to be treated the way she was by Hamlet. Ophelia was the one and only innocent major character in the play besides Horatio. Hamlet did not know how to handle his conflicted emotions and he ended taking his anger out on the one he loved the most.
Incest: One of the many things that bothered so much about Claudius becoming king is that he married Hamlets mother. Removing Hamlet from the equation, Claudius married his deceased brother’s wife! It is hypothesized marrying Gertrude was a strategic move on Claudius’s part to help transition him into power with the peoples approval.
Definition: Sexual intercourse between closely related persons.
Definition: The administering of deserved punishment or reward.
Definition: A profoundly tender, passionate affection for another person.
Definition: gloomily or sullenly ill-humored, as a person or mood.
Justice: By the end of the play, justice has been served; but at a price. Hamlet uses Claudius’s own poison to kill Claudius but unfortunately his mother Gertrude, Laertes, and himself have all been poisoned. Justice can be served in many ways but this ironic sequence of deaths is what makes Hamlets play so famous.
Keen: Hamlet was very keen on killing Claudius.
Noble: Other than the fact that Hamlet is of noble decent, he is also a very noble person. Although not quick to act, Hamlet is dead set on killing Claudius and getting revenge. “Now might I do it pat, now he is praying; / And now I'll do't. And so he goes to heaven; / And so am I revenged. That would be scann'd: / A villain kills my father; and for that, I, his sole son, do this same villain send / To heaven” (3.3.1)
Opinionated: Throughout the whole play, Polonius is completely convinced that Hamlet’s “madness” is due to Ophelia not showing him love. He takes the blame for this. Other than that, he also believes he knows how all women, and men work. “Ay, springes to catch woodcocks. I do know, / When the blood burns, how prodigal the soul / Lends the tongue vows: these blazes, daughter, / Giving more light than heat, extinct in both, / Even in their promise, as it is a-making, / You must not take for fire. From
this time / Be somewhat scanter of your maiden presence; / Set your entreatments at a higher rate / Than a command to parley. For Lord Hamlet, / Believe so much in him, that he is young / And with a larger tether may he walk / Than may be given you: in few, Ophelia, / Do not believe his vows; for they are brokers, / Not of that dye which their investments show, / But mere implorators of unholy suits, / Breathing like sanctified and pious bawds, / The better to beguile. This is for all:” (1.3.1) This allows for readers/watchers to develop a strange empathy for Polonius.
Polonius: He is a major character in the play. Most certainly not as major as say, Hamlet or Claudius, but he adds to the play. He is almost a bit of comic relief. The way he acts and speaks makes him seem like a bit of a fool, with a job that is too high class for his intelligence. He lifts the atmosphere of the play, and is quite funny at some points, like during the play (when Priam is dying) he said it is too long and boring, “This is too long" (2.2)”
Queasy: This is how everyone feels when Hamlet enters a room, near the end of the play. Also, when Polonius and Ophelia die, the people in the Castle all feel very sick. Lastly, this is how Hamlet feels when he learns of Claudius’ treacherous crime of killing King Hamlet.
Strange: This is how Hamlet seems to everyone. He is either mad, or he is acting very strangely. It is still being discussed to this day whether or not Hamlet is mad, or if he is just acting that way. Near the beginning of the play, when the apparition tells Hamlet of Claudius’ murder, he asks Horatio and Marcellus to swear not to knowing of him acting mad. “Than are dreamt of in your philosophy. But come, / Here, as before, never, so help you mercy, / How strange or odd soe'er I bear myself / (As I perchance hereafter shall think meet / To put an antic disposition on), / That you, at such times seeing me, never shall— / With arms encumbered thus, or this headshake, / Or by pronouncing of some doubtful phrase, / As ‘Well, well, we know,’ or ‘We could an if we would,’ / Or ‘If we list to speak,’ or ‘There be an if they might,’” (1.5.170-180)
Tense: The whole aura around the play. Everyone is almost always tense, due to Hamlet acting/being mad. It is hard to tell how the simple characters feel, but people easily can see that Claudius is very tense; especially around Hamlet.
Unstable: Everyone sees Hamlet as unstable. No one believes that he is just acting out. The King, his mother, Polonius, they all believe that he is going mad, and they can’t figure out why. Although he may seem unstable, Hamlet is actually very careful, and thoughtful. He does not kill Claudius when he has the chance to in the church, because “'Tis heavy with him: and am I then revenged, / To take him in the purging of his soul, / When he is fit and season'd for his passage? / No! / Up, sword; and know thou a more horrid hent: / When he is drunk asleep, or in his rage,” (3.3.84-89)
Virtuous: Hamlet, although seemingly mad, is actually quite virtuous. In his life he has done as much as possible to not wrong anyone. He has been a good son, and he has listened to his parents. Now, although he killed Polonius, by accident, he is seeking revenge. This is a high moral standard, as it is very noble of him to try and avenge his father’s murder, and hopefully reclaim the crown.
Wittenberg: Where Hamlet used to go to University. “For your intent / In going back to school in Wittenberg, / It is most retrograde to our desire:” (1.2.112-114)
XXX: This is how old Hamlet is during the play.
Yawp: Polonius yawps when he is stabbed. During other parts of the play, people randomly yawp.
Zeal: Hamlet has a lot of zeal, as once he learns that Claudius has killed his father he is very zealous towards killing Claudius. His one, final goal is to kill Claudius. “Up, sword, and know thou a more horrid hent. / When he is drunk asleep, or in his rage, / Or in th' incestuous pleasure of his bed, / At game a- swearing, or about some act / That has no relish of salvation in ’t— / Then trip him, that his heels may kick at heaven, / And that his soul may be as damned and black / As hell, whereto it goes. My mother stays / This physic but prolongs thy sickly days.” (3.3.89-97)
Elisnore: Where the castle, and main setting of the play "Hamlet" is set.
Elsinore: is a city in Denmark
Keen: having or showing eagerness or enthusiasm.
Rehearse: The players that act for the castle have to rehearse their play, and they had to rehearse Hamlet's addition to the play.
Love: Love plays a big part in our actions. In Hamlet there is a lot of plotting to take revenge for the death of a loved one. The righteous few like Hamlet and Laertes fight for family while the corrupt such as Claudius fight for power.
Morose: Hamlet feels very morose about his situation. His father murdered by his uncle, his mother marrying Claudius two months after his father’s death, and nobody knows the real truth. Hamlet does not know how to handle the complexity of his own emotions and considers suicide as a way out.