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Iran after the Revolution
Transcript of Iran after the Revolution
The program generated rapid growth, but the reforms turned away influential voters such as the clergy, landlords, and merchants.
Caused inflation and opposition to the monarchy. Islamic Republican Party Khomeini He condemned Pahlavi policy by allowing all countries to invest in and trade freely with Iran. Instead... In 1979, Iran held the American hostages at the US Embassy in Tehran.
US decides to impose sanctions on Iran
US severed diplomatic ties with Iran any longer
US stops $11 billion in Iranian assets Results... There were shortages for the once imported goods, insufficient agricultural system, high unemployment, and a greater dependence on the revenues from oil and gas exports.
imported goods stopped; sent the Gross National Product (GNP) down
The price of oil per barrel went up
Major trading import partners became China, Germany, South Korea, Italy, and Russia
Trading export partners became China, India, Japan, South Korea, and Turkey Us Oil The price for the oil peaked at $40 per barrel
By 1985, US payed an average of $1 billion per month; 1986, $6.5 million per month
The world went into a global recession with the deep slump in oil prices Iranian-Iraqi War Began in 1980 with the Iraqi invasion on Iran
The Iraqi Air Force airstrikes aimed at the Iranian Air Force
Iraq was unsuccessful, but managed to attack Tehran Purpose... Iraq wanted to "blunt the edge" of Khomeini's movement and to stop his attempts to export his Islamic revolution to Iraq and the Persian Gulf States Continuing the War Iraq attacked major cities
Iran attacked oil facilities, dams, petrochemical plants, and oil refineries
Major battle at Khorramshahr; 7,000 dead on both sides Other Countries US allied with Iraq after President Reagan took Iraq off the terrorism list
Sold weapons to Iraq
France, Germany, and the Soviet Union also sold them weapons
Syria closed the pipelines to Iraq sending them into economic trouble; then their only source of oil was Turkey
Iran gained weapons from North Korea, China, and Libya End of the War Ended with a cease-fire; the countries could not afford the wars toll on the economy and society
Ended in 1988
250,000-500,000 were killed Terrorism FBI and Justice Department focused on terrorism in 1980 after the revolution because terrorists began committing acts of violence
Investigated acts against the American people anywhere
Militant Islamic groups used violence to intimidate moderate American Muslims
Four major groups: Hezollah, Islamic Jihad, Hamas, and Egyptian Gamaat
Their goal was to disrupt the Peace Process
Were also in other European countries At certain Universities, classes were segregated by gender. Also, specific classes were only allowed to certain genders.
Both men and women had a dress code after the Revolution.