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Film Production

Social Studies Inquiry Project - January 2013
by

Derek Goss

on 25 January 2013

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Transcript of Film Production

Film Production G s s D e e k By : Questions to answer: ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? How is a movie made? What occurs during the pre-production,
production, and post-production of a film? How does impact our the film industry economy Let's Get Started! Pre-Production To Do List: make a production/shooting schedule

find cast/crew members

prepare costumes/props

make sure you have
enough money to make
your film

design sets/floorplan Production To Do List: Pre-Production is the first major stage of creating a film. It is essentially the stage where every little thing is prepared in order to make creating the film possible. Production is the second major stage of creating a film. It is the stage where most of the movie's raw footage and sound is shot and recorded. The phrase: "Lights, camera, action!", is one that is referring to events that happen during production. and our society ? Shoot all raw footage needed to
create the movie

Record all raw sound needed to create the movie

Implement all set & production designs

Follow the production schedule

Stay within budget constraints (this goes for every stage)

Double check to make sure everything is set for post-production "Lights, camera, action!" We've all heard this before, but what really goes on right before the camera starts running? It's actually a longer process than you may think. The dialogue goes something like this: 1. Assistant director: "Picture is up!"
(lets everyone know a take is about to be recorded) 2. Assistant director: "Roll sound!" 3. The sound crew starts recording,
and records a verbal message of the
take's information. When ready, they
announce: "Sound speed!" 4. Assistant director: "Roll camera!" 5. When they are ready and recording,
the camera operators respond with:
"Speed!" 6. Person with the clapperboard (already in front of the camera), calls: "Marker!", and slaps it shut. Clapperboard 7. Assistant director: "Action backround!"
(cues any extras or backround action) 8. Director: "Action!"
(cue for the take to begin) 9. Director: "Cut!"
(cue for the take to end,
cameras and audio stop recording.) How much does a movie cost to make? Production budgets are different for every movie. It depends
on a number of factors, including the type of movie, whether stunts, special effects, or CGI (computer generated imagery) is involved, and so on. There are always exceptions, but a general rule of thumb is: movies with special effects or CGI cost more to make than movies without those things, Take in mind that you have to pay the cast and crew, so the more cast and crew you have, the more expensive the movie will be. Here are the production budgets of four recent blockbusters (keep in mind that the budgets are estimates, however the gross revenue of the movies are exact): Lincoln: budget:

gross revenue (USA):

profit: $65,000,000 $152,600,253 $87,600,253 Skyfall budget:

gross revenue (worldwide):

profit: $200,000,000 $780,805,000 The Dark Knight Rises budget:

gross revenue (worldwide):

profit: $250,000,000 $1,081,041,287 $831,041,287 Avatar budget:

gross revenue (worldwide):

profit: $237,000,000 $2,782,275,172 $2,545,275,142 Post-Production The main task in Post-Production is editing the content that was filmed/recorded in the Production stage. This involves cutting and arranging the footage in an editing program, adding special effects/CGI, mixing/mastering the audio, and then finally putting everything together and finishing the movie. To Do List: Cut and rearrange the film to match
the script

Add in special effects/CGI/sound effects,
titles, etc.

Edit, mix and master sound

Make sure the audio and visual components
of the film are in sync

Assemble a credits list and add them to the movie

Promoting the movie should have been happening throughout the entire process, however it is especially important in Post-Production, because it is the stage where you will be distributing the finished film to buyers, agents, film festivals, etc.

Put all elements of the film together and create a finished product

Once everything is completed, it is time to distribute the movie in every way possible


That's it! Of course, there are still things to be taken care of, such as paying everyone, participating in film festivals and things like that, but the film itself is finished. Speaking of paying everyone, did you know that the film industry has been called one of the Some examples of CGI: Nationwide, the industry employs over


and 2.4 million jobs 95,000 companies. In 2008, the industry paid


to U.S. vendors and small businesses,


in wages to industry employees, and about


was generated for "cash-strapped state and local governments in the form of income and sales taxes." $40 billion $41.7 billion $13 billion U.S-produced entertainment dwarfs its
international competition, accounting for 64% of international
box-office revenue. I hope that by now you've learned
a thing or two about film production,
and a little about social studies with
the film industry's link to our economy. Who knows? Maybe you'll be a part of one someday. But for now - Thanks for watching! "fundamental and indispensable
pillar(s) of the economy"? Works Cited Brubaker, Jason. "How To Make A Movie Checklist." Filmmaking Stuff For Independent Filmmakers. N.p., 11 Aug. 2010. Web. 17 Jan. 2013. <http://www.filmmakingstuff.com/the-official-65-step-film-production-checklist/>.

"The Dark Knight Rises." IMDb. IMDb.com, n.d. Web. 21 Jan. 2013. <http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1345836/>.

Film Works Staff. "Hollywood At Heart of LA, California & US Economic Backbone." Film Works Blog. Film Works, n.d. Web. 21 Jan. 2013. <http://filmworks.filmla.com/2010/12/13/hollywood-at-heart-of-la-california-us-economic-backbone/>.

"Filmmaking." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 10 Jan. 2013. Web. 16 Jan. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Filmmaking>.

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"Post-Production Checklist." Regent.edu. Regent University, n.d. Web. 16 Jan. 2013. <http://www.regent.edu/acad/schcom/docs/production/postproduction_checklist.pdf>.

"Preproduction Checklist." People.ucsc.edu. University of California, Santa Cruz, n.d. Web. <http://people.ucsc.edu/~ilusztig/172/handouts/preproduction.pdf>.

"Rough Cut." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 10 Nov. 2012. Web. 17 Jan. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rough_cut>.

"Skyfall." IMDb. IMDb.com, n.d. Web. 21 Jan. 2013. <http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1074638/>.

"The Social Network." IMDb. IMDb.com, n.d. Web. 21 Jan. 2013.

"Visual Effects." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 13 Jan. 2013. Web. 21 Jan. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visual_effects>. $980,805,000
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