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Transcript of Coco Chanel
''In order to be irreplaceable, one must always be different ''
Gabrielle Bonheur Chanel born in August 19, 1883. Child of a laundrywoman and a street vendor she had a hard childhood. Her mother died young when she was only twelve years old and shortly after her father put her in an orphanage in Aubazine and Gabrielle would never see him again.
Gabrielle spent at list seven years in the orphanage. It was there that she learned the art of sew. When she got older she left the orphanage and started to work as a shop assistants and as a seamstresses during the day and a club singer at night.
During that time, she acquired the nickname Coco because of one of the songs that she used to sang and also during that time she met Etienne Balsan,
who became her lover and as a stepping stone for her new life.
Étienne Balsan was described as "a rich playboy''. He introduced her to the beauties of the rich life and to Paris society including Arthur “Boy” Capel, one of his friends. Capel later will become the love of her life and helped finance her first shop.
She opened her first shop in 1910 at 21 rue Cambon in Paris, quickly she made success.
A year later Chanel was earning sufficient money to be independent. "I thought I'd given you a plaything. I gave you freedom" said Capel to her once.
The little black dress
At the age of 87, Gabrielle Chanel passed away in January 10th, 1971. Chanel's headstone was designed by herself. Her gravestone is recognizable by five lions
'' Without stone above me, I'll want to leave if I have the wish, go to heaven and dress the angels '' she said.
''A girl should be two things: classy and fabulous ''
In 1919, Coco was living two different things at the
same time, the mourning after the crash that killed Arthur '' Boy'' Carpel and her professional success.
'' Either I die as well, or I finish what we started togheter '' she said. She chose to go on!
Coco established a maison of haute couture at 31 Rue Cambon (Place where Mademoiselle lived until her death).
Chanel became a style icon, she created a new look for women in the 20th century.
Chanel No 5
''I want a woman's fragrance that smells like a
woman.'' Chanel said once, and she found a perfect one.
Requested by Coco Chanel, Ernest Beaux created in 1921 what would become the best-selling perfume in the world.
The scent became a fever all over the world. Once someone asked Marilyn Monroe "What do you wear to bed? and she
said “Just a few drops of Chanel No 5 ''
It was introduced at the time between the wars. She took a color that was only used for mourning and showed the world how chic it could be.
LBD became a fever, the most important magazine in time said: “The Chanel 'Ford' Dress, the frock that all the world will wear.”
Coco used to said: '' A woman only needs two things in life: a black dress and a man who loves her ''. In fact this kind of dress has never gone out of style.
The Chanel suit borrowed from menswear for women’s and became a status symbol for a new generation.
It was essential for woman who was trying to build a career
Stars Audrey Hepburn and Grace Kelly fell in love with her effortlessly stylish cardigan suits.
"May my legend prosper and thrive.
I wish it a long and happy life!"
Nowadays there are 300 Chanel stores around the world.
Karl Lagerfeld has been chief designer of Chanel's fashion house since 1982.
Focus on Fisk Final
Letícia Rodrigues Rezende