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SIX SIGMA

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by

Pao Duriv

on 26 November 2013

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Transcript of SIX SIGMA

SIX SIGMA
Six Sigma is now according to many business development and quality improvement experts, the most popular management methodology in history.
Methodology for eliminating defects in any process.
"Sigma" seeks for perfection...
Less defects ---> Perfection
1990
2000
1980
1920
1991
Motorola certified its first 'Black Belt' Six Sigma experts
1991
Allied Signal, (a large avionics company which merged with Honeywell in 1999), adopted the Six Sigma methods, and claimed significant improvements and cost savings within six months.
1995
General Electric's CEO Jack Welch decided to implement Six Sigma in GE, and by 1998 GE claimed that Six Sigma had generated over three-quarters of a billion dollars of cost savings.
2000
Six Sigma was effectively established as an industry in its own right, involving the training, consultancy and implementation of Six Sigma methodology.
1987
Developed by Motorola by an engineer called Bill Smith, as a business strategy and quality improvement.
HISTORY
1920's
Symbol for a unit of measurement in product quality variation
Six sigma is an evolution of some quality aids developed after World War II such as:
• TQM , Total Quality Management or Total Quality System
• SPC , Statistical Process Control and Statistical Process Control

LEVELS
1
DEFECTS PER MILLION OPPORTUNITIES (DPMO): 691,462
PERCENTAGE YIELD: 30.9%
PERCENTAGE DEFECTIVE: 69%

2
DEFECTS PER MILLION OPPORTUNITIES (DPMO): 308,538
PERCENTAGE YIELD: 69.1%
PERCENTAGE DEFECTIVE: 31%
3
DEFECTS PER MILLION OPPORTUNITIES (DPMO): 66,807
PERCENTAGE YIELD: 93.3%
PERCENTAGE DEFECTIVE: 6.7%
4
DEFECTS PER MILLION OPPORTUNITIES (DPMO): 6,210
PERCENTAGE YIELD: 99.38%
PERCENTAGE DEFECTIVE: 0.62%
5
DEFECTS PER MILLION OPPORTUNITIES (DPMO): 233
PERCENTAGE YIELD: 99.98%
PERCENTAGE DEFECTIVE: 0.023%
6
DEFECTS PER MILLION OPPORTUNITIES (DPMO): 3.4
PERCENTAGE YIELD: 99.99966%
PERCENTAGE DEFECTIVE: 0.00034%
7
DEFECTS PER MILLION OPPORTUNITIES (DPMO): 0.019
PERCENTAGE YIELD: 99.9999981%
PERCENTAGE DEFECTIVE: 0.0000019%
GENERAL PROCEDURE
DMAIC
D
efine
M
easure
A
nalyze
I
mprove
C
ontrol
In addition there are:

T
for transfer

R
for recognize
DMADV or DFSS
D
efine
M
easure
A
nalyze
D
esign
V
erify
D
esigned
F
or
S
ix
S
igma
VERIFICATION/AUDITABILITY
Six Sigma certification is a confirmation of an individual’s capabilities with respect to specific competencies.
The written proficiency test may be given by the training company or the business hiring the training company.
After a quality professional has completed training, they must complete one or two quality projects and display competency in applying the concepts learned in the classroom training.
Almost every one of the tens of companies providing Six Sigma training and consulting also provide certification.
The reasons for certification are the same for any other certification:

to display proficiency in the subject matter
to increase desirability by employers
to potentially increase your salary
VALIDITY
• Executive Brief: seminar 3-4 hour
• Champion Training Course 2 ½ days
• Black Belt Course duration of 20 days
• Green Belt Course duration of 10 days
The validity of each belt is of 2 years.
Bibliography
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