Send the link below via email or IMCopy
Present to your audienceStart remote presentation
- Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
- People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
- This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
- A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
- Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article
Do you really want to delete this prezi?
Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.
Make your likes visible on Facebook?
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.
Retribution v. Rehabilitation
Transcript of Retribution v. Rehabilitation
Heather Townsend Retribution/Rehabilitation Debate There are four primary goals of sentencing in Canada:
3)Protection of the Public
In many countries retribution is used exclusively or primarily as a form of punishment. Retribution Rehabilitation (Penology) A theory that claims reasonable punishment is the most effective way to deal with crime
It is the act of punishing someone for their wrongdoings "to restore to useful life, as through therapy and education or to restore to good condition, operation, or capacity" The Boundaries: "Reasonable Punishment" is very vague
A judicial system must determine their boundaries for how harsh or soft a punishment can be Two Types of Retribution: 1) The Traditional Belief
2)A theory developed in the 1980's by philosopher, Michael Davis Conflicting Opinions: Retributionists
Utilitarians History: Retribution has been a part of religion for centuries
Many cultures believe "let the punishment fit the crime"
The Greek Furies
The code of Hammurabi (1772 BCE) Lex Tallions 'Talian' is an English word derived from the Latin word 'talio', that describes retaliation that the law has allowed based on the degree of injury caused
In the bible punishment is "measure for measure" or "middah ke-neged middah" "Metaphysics of Morals" Metaphysics of Morals
"Judicial punishment can never be used merely as a means to promote some other good for the criminal himself or for civil society, but instead it must in all cases be imposed on him only of the ground that he has committed a crime."
-Immanuel Kant Arguments Against Retribution: Limits on a judge's discretion to decide
Punishments are set amounts rather than relative to person
Retribution is described as a "backward looking"
Many argue that an eye for an eye is fair, but the value of that eye is different for everyone, so it is still ineffective Rehabilitation: The goal is to stop offenders from re-offending
This involves punishing an offender in a way that will make it easier to integrate them into society History: Prisons in the 16th century began attempts at reforming criminals
In 1785, an English philosopher, William Paley wrote "Principals of Moral and Political Philosophy" which began the push for rehabilitation in colonial prisons
In the United States, many met with Benjamin Franklin in 1787 to discuss reformation which led to the National Prison Association promoting the need for rehabilitation in 1870 Issues with
No specific proof of effectiveness
A rehabilitation program is too expensive for many countries to implement Psychopathy A psychopath is someone who acts on impulse and cannot learn from their mistakes
They have a 2.5% higher chance of being released
It is believed that treatment makes psychopaths worse Support for Rehabilitation Rehabilitation gives offenders the opportunity to redeem themselves and learn from their mistakes Video: (1:17-3:02)