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Transcript of SSWH18
The student will demonstrate and understanding of the global political, economical, and social impact of World War II.
A} Describe the major conflicts and outcomes; include Pearl Harbor, El-Alamein, Stalingrad, D-Day, Guadalcanal, the Philippines, and the end of the war in Europe and Asia.
B} Identify Nazi ideology, policies, and consequences, that led to the Holocaust.
C} Explain the military and diplomatic negotiations between the leaders of Great Britain (Churchill), the Soviet Union (Stalin), and the United States (Roosevelt/Truman) from the Teheran to Yalta and Potsdam and the impact on the nations of Eastern Europe.
D} Explain allied Post-World War II policies; include formation of the United Nations, the Marshall Plan for Europe, and MacArthur's plan for Japan.
December 7, 1991
Japan bombed U.S. Hawaiian Islands
Hitler declared war on the U.S. on December 11, 1941
June 6th, 1944
Dwight D. Eisenhower led the U.S. to Normandy beaches where this event occurred
known as history's greatest invasion
Nazi ideology is a system of ideas and practices associated with the
20th century German Nazi Party and State
In the 1930s about 500,000 Jews made up about .8% of the German population.
Most considered themselves loyal patriots, linked to the German way
of life by language and culture.
24% of Germany's Nobel Prize winners were Jewish.
Nazi ideology stemmed from Germany and the German people. There was
widespread belief among many Jews that their contributions and the
role they played would prevent the Germans from completely excluding
But for the Nazis, there was one main goal- to make the Jews leave Germany.
Attack on Pearl Harbor
This unified American opinion about becoming involved in war
U.S. joins with European nations and Nationalist China to fight Japan
Lasted from October 23rd to November 5th, 1942
Fought in deserts of North Africa
Fought between Rommel (Afrika Korps) and Montgomery (British 8th Army)
Lead to the retreat of the Afrika Korps and the Germans surrender to North Africa in May 1943
British Army prevented Axis forces from occupying Egypt and capturing the Suez Canal
Rommel and Montgomery
August 19th, 1942- February 2nd, 1943
Considered by many historians to be the turning point of World War II in Europe
Temperatures dropped below 0 during this battle
91,000 German soldiers were taken as prisoners
Soviets had a decisive victory over the Axis powers
Both armies suffered heavy losses, but the Soviets come out successful
By the end of January and early February, Germany surrenders
Paris was liberated by the end of August
This helped end the war in Europe
This marked the beginning of victory for the Allies in Europe
Took place in 1942
U.S. Marines first landed on August 7th, but it took 6 months to finally defeat Japan
Fighting over the island
Both sides lost numerous warships
Japan slowly withdrew starting in January and finally finished in February of 1943
This weakened Japan's Pacific offense
• Important positions could only be filled by people who were "racially pure".
• The government sponsored boycotts of Jewish-owned shops and businesses.
• 1933. Jews lose the right to be German citizens.
• 1933. Refused the right to protection from the police.
• 1933. Illegal for Jews to inherit land.
• 1935. Enforced segregation. Jews banned from: parks, swimming baths,
restaurants and public buildings.
• 1935. Illegal for Jews to marry Germans.
• 1933-39. Government propaganda against the Jews.
• 1933-39. Jewish schoolchildren ridiculed and humiliated in front of
classes on regular basis.
No aspect of the Nazi New Order was more terrifying than the deliberate attempt to exterminate the Jews.
To Hitler, racial struggle was a clearly defined conflict of opposites.
On one side were Aryans, creators of human cultural development. On the other side were the Jews, parasites, in Hitler's view, who were trying to destroy the Aryans.
Their final solution to the Jewish problem was genocide, the physical extermination of the Jewish People.
The Tehran Conference
Stalin, Roosevelt, and Churchill were the leaders of the Big Three.
The Big Three were areas of the Grand Alliance which were:
The Soviet Union
The United States
They met at Tehran in November 1943 to decide the future course of the war.
The Yalta Conference
The Big Three Powers met at Yalta in southern Russia in February 1945.
By that time the defeat of Germany was obvious.
At Yalta, Roosevelt sought Soviet military help against Japan.
Roosevelt agreed to Stalin’s price for military aid against Japan.
The Potsdam Conference
The Potsdam Conference of July 1945 began under a cloud of mistrust.
Harry Truman became president after Roosevelt died on April 12, 1945.
Truman demanded free elections throughout Eastern Europe.
Stalin responded,” A freely elected government in any of these East European countries would be anti-Soviet, and that we cannot allow.”
MacArthur was the supreme commander of the Allied Powers in Japan following WWII.
In his plan he wanted to work with Japanese gov’t to draft a constitution, institute democratic reforms, reduce the size of the military, and privatize companies formerly run by the government.
Marshall Plan was proposed by General George C. Marshall, the U.S secretary of state.
Communism was successful in countries with economic problems.
So the Marshal Plan provided 13 billion dollars to rebuild war–torn Europe.
The plan was put into action in July 1947 and operated for four years.
The United Nations
The United Nations was founded in 1945 in San Francisco when representatives of the Allied Forces worked out a plan for new international organization.
The General Assembly of the United Nations is comprised of representatives of all member nations.
The day to day business of the UN is supervised by the secretary general whose offices are located in New York City.