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raising the bar
Transcript of raising the bar
APPROACHES WHAT IS CURRICULUM
APPROACH? reflects the person’s view of the world, including what the person perceives as reality, the values deemed important and the amount of knowledge he or she possesses. KINDS OF CURRICULUM APPROACHES BEHAVIORAL - RATIONAL APPROACH TECHNICAL- SCIENTIFIC APPROACH Started with the idea of Frederick Taylor.
He aimed to achieve efficiency. The change of behavior indicates the measure of accomplishments. It is based on a blueprint.
It clearly defines the objectives (why), content (what), method (how), sequence (when), scope (how much) of a curriculum. reflects a holistic position or a meta-orientation, encompassing the foundations of curriculum. Teachers
Assistant Superintendents Superintendents
Boards of Education
Other Participants The learner is at the center of the curriculum. These four basic principles include:
1. Defining appropriate learning objectives.
2. Establishing useful learning experiences.
3. Organizing learning experiences to have a maximum cumulative effect.
4. Evaluating the curriculum and revising those aspects that did not prove to be effective.
Any device which provides valid evidence regarding the progress of students toward educational objectives is appropriate...The selection of evaluation techniques should be made in terms of the appropriateness of that technique for the kind of behavior to be appraised (Tyler, cited in Pinar, p. 136). development began around 1900;
educators wanted to apply surveys and analysis of human conduct to the question of curriculum content;
stresses students learning specific subject matter with specific outputs;
applies scientific principles and involves detailed monitoring of the components of curriculum design;
rests on an assumption that reality can be defined and represented in symbolic form. approach is modernist;
rests on belief of rationality, objectivity, and certainty. Smith, Stanley and Shores (1950) In contrast to this model, the three curricularists offered the “grass-roots” model. In this approach employs democratic group decisions and addresses specific curriculum problems of particular schools. The effectiveness of the model is based on the following interwoven principles: references: c. rests on an assumption that reality can be defined and represented in symbolic form. Why is it essential to have numerous individuals involved in curriculum development? a. stresses students learning specific subject matter with specific outputs. b. applies scientific principles
and involves detailed monitoring
of the components Curriculum Development
Purita Bilbao,Ed.D, Paz Lucido, Ph.D,Tomasa Iringan,Ph.D, Rodrigo Javier,Ph.D. Presented by:
Judell A. Ganate
MA English When educators, parents and students recognize you as the best, we take that as a tribute to one thing: our passion for raising the bar. For never being satisfied with "good enough." We're driven to push to the next level, and the next. set of precepts, beliefs, principles, or aims, underlying somebody's practice or conduct. everything that actually does or could exist or happen in real life. the past events of a period in time or in the life or development of a people, an institution, or a place. the characteristic temperament and associated behavior of a person or group, or that exhibited by those engaged in an activity. controversial political issues which relate to people's personal lives and interactions. refer to an area of human endeavor, an autonomous computer activity, or other specialized discipline. How would you describe the technical- scientific approach? 94% answered letter ( d ) d. all of the above Start this poll to accept responses. http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/jdines-1264634-curriculum-approaches/ Ralph W. Tyler, a well-known proponent of technical- scientific approach discussed four basic principles in his book Basic Principles of Curriculum Instruction published in 1949. In Appraising and Recording Student Progress, Tyler wrote: Technical approaches may involve what is termed as the “top-down, line –staff”. It is where initiatives for curricular development originate from a person or persons in authority who decide the program, arrange meetings with key subordinates and form the committee which will prepare the program details. This model, because of its hierarchical structure, is more authoritarian than democratic. The curriculum will improve as the professional competence of teachers improves. The competence of teachers will improve when they participate in curriculum development. When teachers share in shaping the goals and selecting the content an d method of instruction as well as evaluating results, their involvement is assured. When people interact during face-to-face sessions, they will better understand one another. http://www.polleverywhere.com/multiple_choice_polls/LTE1ODU4NzE1MDc Participants in Curriculum Development http://www.polleverywhere.com/free_text_polls/OTE5MTQ1NjAz http://www.slideshare.net/cuterodz042909/curriculum-development-11473935 http://www.k12.com/educators/curriculum-approach Curriculum Development
The Philippine Experience
Adelaida L. Bago LYRMA C. HIFE, Ed.D.,Ffp