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TIMELINE

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Chantel Sizemore

on 14 January 2013

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Transcript of TIMELINE

1607 Jamestown- First permanent English settlement in America, funded by London Company. Starvation, hostile Indian action, and various diseases plagued the early settlers, but the successful leadership of John Smith kept the colony from collapsing. 1630 Massachusetts Bay Colony- An English settlement settled by persecuted puritans and originally led by John Winthrop. 1700s The Great Awakening- A series of religious revivals occurring throughout the colonies and yielded important results including the division of the religious community between “Old Lights” and the “New Lights,” and the founding of several of today’s “Ivy League” schools. 1765 Stamp Act- a revenue law passed by the British Parliament, supported by George Grenville. It was the first direct tax imposed on the Americans requiring revenue stamps on everything from newspapers to legal documents. 1773 Boston Tea Party- an act of protest by the American colonists who were angered by the British taxing the colonies despite their lack of representation in Parliament. Bostonians disguised as Indians boarded ships at night whose tea cargo would be, by law, sold at auction with the tax paid the following day and dumped the tea into the harbor. 1776 The Declaration of Independence- document primarily written by Thomas Jefferson announcing the separation of the colonies from Great Britain and stating why the colonists felt justified in separation. 1791 Bill of Rights added to the constitution- The first ten amendments of the constitution guaranteeing certain individual rights. 1798 Alien and Sedition Acts- As a result of the elections in 1798, the Federalist majority in Congress used their mandate to stifle foreign influences. The Alien Act made obtaining citizenship difficult for immigrants and the Sedition Act widened the powers of the Adams administration to keep newspapers from criticizing it. 1800 Election of 1800- An election between Thomas Jefferson, Aaron Burr (Republicans), John Adams, and Charles Pinckney (Federalists), in which the candidate with the second-highest number of votes would become vice-president. When Jefferson and Burr received the same number of electoral votes, the selection went to the House of Representatives where Alexander Hamilton’s support for Jefferson forced Burr to accept vice presidency. 1803 Marbury v. Madison- First decision of the United States Supreme Court to declare an act of Congress unconstitutional. John Marshall, Supreme Court justice asserted judicial review claiming that the law which gave the Supreme Court jurisdiction over matters involving William Marbury had exceeded their Constitutionality, and thus was unconstitutional. 1812 War of 1812- armed conflict between the declared neutral United States and Great Britain as a result of British interference in American shipping during a time of stress between France and England. 1820-1821 Missouri Compromise- Act passed by the U.S. Congress admitting Missouri to the Union as slave state, and Maine as a free state. Also prohibited slavery north of the southern boundary of Missouri. 1823 Monroe Doctrine- U.S. Foreign-policy statement enunciated by James Monroe declaring the Western Hemisphere off-limits to European colonization. The U.S. planned to remain neutral in wars between European powers and their colonies but stated that if the wars were to occur in the Americas, the U.S. would view the action as hostile. 1836 The Alamo- Battle during the Texas Revolution between Texas and Mexico that resulted in the massacre of Americans who were defending this fort. This event inspired the Texans to seek revenge and eventually gain independence. 1850 Compromise of 1850- In an attempt to give something to each side of the opposing viewpoints of slavery, California was admitted to the U.S. as a “free” state but allowed some territories to decide on slavery for themselves. Included the Fugitive Slave Act. 1857 Dred Scott Decision- when a black slave, Dred Scott sued for his freedom, the Supreme Court denied his suit on the grounds that he was not a citizen and therefore could not sue in court. This decision also put an end to the Missouri Compromise and resulted in major violence leading up to the Civil War. 1860 Election of 1860- set the stage for the American Civil War and included the following candidates: Abraham Lincoln, Stephen Douglas, John Breckinridge, and John Bell. Lincoln won the election. 1860 Southern states secede- South Carolina, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas declared themselves out of the Union and called themselves the Confederate States of America by 1861. 1862 Morrill Act- an act of Congress which granted each state 30,000 acres of land for each member it had in Congress. 90% of the gross proceeds from these lands were to be used to help fund and maintain colleges and universities that taught agricultural/mechanical arts amongst other subjects. 1862 Homestead Act- an act passed by Congress offering up to 160 acres of government land to any family head that paid a registration fee, and lived and farmed on the land for at least five years. 1863 Battle at Gettysburg- A battle that took place in and around Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. It resulted in the largest number of causalities in the Civil war, and is often considered the war’s turning point. 1863 Gettysburg Address- A famous speech made by President Lincoln at the dedication of the national cemetery on the Gettysburg battlefield. 1863 Emancipation Proclamation- A declaration made by President Lincoln freeing the slaves in the areas still in rebellion against the Union. 1865 Lincoln assassinated- The 16th president, Lincoln, was shot and killed while attending a performance in Ford’s Theatre by John Wilkes Booth. This assassination caused the Radicals who thought Vice President Andrew would be less generous to the South, to rejoice. 1865 Appomattox Court House- The location of where General Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant, ending the American Civil War. 1865 13th amendment- An amendment abolishing slavery 1866 Civil Rights Act- declares all who are born in the U.S. citizens regardless of color or race. It also lists basic rights that must be extended to all people. 1866 14th amendment- An amendment broadly extending citizenship to all persons and states that states must provide equal protection to all people. 1868 15th amendment- An amendment extending voting rights to blacks 1887 Dawes Act- Act passed by Congress to grant landholdings to individual Native Americans replacing communal tribal holdings in order to absorb tribe members into the larger national society. 1893 Panic of 1893- As a result of the dramatic growth of federal deficit, withdrawal of British investments, the outward transfer of gold, and loss of business confidence caused this serious economic depression 1859 Idea of social Darwinism– Theorized by Charles Darwin, that society is based on natural selection. Survival of the fittest. 1876 Telephone invented- The telephone is created by Alexander Graham Bell making communication easier. 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act- The act is created to minimize the amount of Chinese immigrants coming to the US. 1890 Sherman Anti-Trust Act- The act made it illegal to form a trust that interfered with free trade between states or with other countries 1896 Plessy vs. Ferguson- Court case that made segregation of blacks and whites in public facilities legal. 1905 Niagara Movement- Insisted that blacks should seek liberal arts education so that the African American community would have well educated leaders. 1907/1908 Gentleman’s Agreement- An agreement between the US and Japan to limit the amount of unskilled Japanese immigrants entering the US. 1913 Seventeenth Amendment– Granted citizens the right to vote on their state senators. 1914 Clayton Anti-Trust Act– prevented the formation of trusts & monopolies between companies. 1914 Assassination of Franz Ferdinand– June 28th the archduke of Austria is assassinated, causing World war I. 1915 Sinking of the Lusitania– The sinking of a British liner by a German U- Boat. 1917 Zimmerman Note– A note intercepted by England from Germany to a German official in Mexico that asked Mexico to become and alliance with Germany, but after interception was printed on the media. 1917 Selective Service Act– Registered men with the government in order to be randomly selected for military service. 1917 Espionage and Sedition acts– Prohibited on any spoken or written attacks against the war effort. Those who spoke against it, could be fined or jailed. However it violated the 1st amendment 1918 14 Points– Given by President Woodrow Wilson, a set of proposals for peace, that established the League of Nations 1919 19th Amendment- Granted women the right to vote. 1919 Treaty of Versailles– Ended the war, and demanded reparations for war damages from Germany. 1920 – Sacco and Vanzetti – Two immigrants accused of robbing a bank, who were tried and found guilty of murder as well. It raised the awareness of the Red Scare. 1920 18th Amendment– Prohibited the production and sale of alcohol 1920 Prohibition– The prohibiting of selling, producing, or consuming alcohol. 1921 Emergency Quota Act– Restricted the number of immigrants allowed in the country 1923 Teapot Dome Scandal– Oil rich public lands that were secretly sold to oil companies. 1925 Scopes Trial– The trial of the right to teach the theory of evolution in public schools, between teacher John T. Scopes and the state of Tennessee. 1927 Charles Lindbergh- Made the first nonstop solo flight across the Atlantic. 1928 Election of 1928– Election in which Hoover wins over America with the phrase “We in America are nearer to the final triumph over poverty than ever before.” 1929 Black Tuesday– Stock market crashes on October 29. 1930 Hawley Smoot Tariff Act– Highest protective tariff designed to protect American farmers and manufacturers from foreign competition. 1930’s Dust Bowl– A wind storm that carries dust from the plains in 1934. 1932 Federal Home loan bank Act- U.S. federal law passed under Hoover to lower the cost of home ownership. U.S. HISTORY A timeline presentation by:
Verna Ravago & Chantel Sizemore! THE END! :)
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