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History of Multilingual Competency in the U.S.
Transcript of History of Multilingual Competency in the U.S.
By: Stephanie Roush
U.S. Articles of Confederation are written in English, French, and German in 1781.
Ohio adopts bilingual education in 1839
Schools can operate in German and English
Acknowledgment of muilti-
lingualism was proven early in the U.S.
Serna v. Portales Municipal Schools 1972 forces schools to instruct in native language and cultures to provide desegregation in schools.
Rios v. Reed 1977 requires schools to have a bilingual program in their culture component for curriculum.
No Child Left Behind Act 2001 provides money to schools to educate ELL
The history of bilingual education is important to understand because you need to have all of the background information before you can correctly teach an ELL. You have to know as much about that child and their struggles as you can so you can plan how to begin to teach them a new language. These students parents have struggled to even be accepted in the U.S. and the students see this and are on edge about trying to learn a new language. If we educate ourselves we can help them make an easier transition to English learning.
IDEA 2004 demands that education of children with disabilities under NCLB receive equality and school systems will be held accountable for implementing programs.
Williams et al v. State of California 2004 enforces the state of California to provide textbooks, facilities and teachers of English learners.
The Civil Rights Act: Title VI 1964 states that no denial of equal access to education because of race, color, or limited proficiency in English.
Mendez v. Westminster School District say the 14th amendment applies to schools and they must be open to all children regardless of native language.
1968 first bilingual kindergarten opens in New York City and first bilingual education major at Brooklyn College.
Diaz-Rico, L.T. (2012). A course for teaching English learners (2nd edition). Boston, MA: Pearson Education.
Front page of the Articles of Confederation.
Bilingual education photo showing how it all meshes together.
Front page of paper after Civil Rights bill becomes law.
School building similar to the Municipal schools.
Additional items from IDEA that shows all humans are included.