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Ancient Greece Arts
Transcript of Ancient Greece Arts
The arts of painting, sculpture, fashion, pottery and architecture were very important to ancient Greek culture and continue to teach us about it today.
Ancient Greek architecture is best known for it's temples. Many of which are found throughout the region as ruins.
The second type of architectural building is an open air theater.
The evidence that has been found of Greek architecture is excavated remains of buildings.
Ancient Greek architecture is distinguished by it's highly formalized characteristics, both of structure and decoration.
There are three types of Greek Architecture, Doric, Ionic and Corinthian.
"Minoan Art." Ancient Greece. University Press Inc., 2003. Web. 19 Sept. 2014. <http://www.ancientgreece.com/s/Sculpture/>.
Kylie Stewart, Aidan Loveall, Sarah Fantan, Ally Shepherd and Katie Czarnecki
Ancient Greek Arts
The Fashion of Ancient Greece
3 main types/ mainly made at the time.
1. Panel, wall, polychromy
2. Sculpture and Vase
3. Murals and portraits.
Individual mobile paintings, with a widespread of techniques
usually very colorfully done, set and valued highly. well depicted and were mostly still-lifes or figural scenes.paint was frequently limited to parts depicting clothing, hair, and so on, with the skin left in the natural color of the stone, but it could also cover sculptures in their totality.
Strong, bright colored, done with a variety of different tools and styles. Jars and pots were mainly done with silhouettes, and a brighter color like orange in the background. Vase paing is by far the most popular.
Used tiles and rocks of different colors to create floor mosaics, Fresco painting mixed paint with wet plaster to make a wall mural or portraits. Most expensive in cost
Ancient Geek Sculpture
-The materials used were mainly stone, marble and limestone. They also used clay but it wasn't nearly as durable.
-Divided into 6 time periods: Mycenaean, Sub-Mycenaean/Dark ages, Proto-
Geometric, Archaic, Classical and Hellenistic
The clothing was homemade and was made from
homemade fabric. This fabric made things like blankets,
tunics, and cloaks. According to Greek vase paintings and sculptures, the fabrics from ancient Greece were intensely colored and usually decorate with intricate designs
Pottery played a important part in Ancient Greece. Everything from wheat to wine was carried in pottery. Some where given as gifts and even used as tombstone.
Pottery was made by shaping clay on a wheel, decorating the pot, and then heating the clay in a kiln.
-Sculptures tell stories about Gods, Heroes, Events, Mythical Creatures and Greek culture in general
There where five distinct designs Ancient Greeks used: geometric, Corinthian/oriental, red-figure painting, black-figure painting, and white ground technique.
The fabric was made of:
Pelos - rectangle of fabric, wool, folded over the edge to the waist. It was placed around the body/fastened at the shoulders with a pin or brooch.
During the 9th and 8th century B.C, geometric style flourished.
Lines, triangles, squares, and other geometric shapes where painted on every square inch of the vase.
Chiton - made of lighter material, linen, long/wide rectangle sewn at the sides, and shoulders, usually girded around the waist.
Mycenaean art: 1550 - 1200 BC
Black Figure Painting
Laocoön and His Sons
Both peplos and chiton were floor-length garments that were long enough to pull over a belt, creating a pouch known as a kolpos. Under the garments, women wore a soft band at her mid-section called a strophion. Men wore a chiton similar to the women, but knee-length or shorter.
It became the dominate painting style of Athens in 625 B.C.E
The most recognizable style
Painted the silhouettes of animals and humans in black over a cream red base.
Greek gods were widely painted
from "Cult Room", Mycenae. Terracotta, 1250-1200 BC.
-First era of which found with surviving examples of Greek art
-Mycenaeans were more technologically advanced and taught Greeks how to use different metals in art.
Sub-Mycenaean/Dark Age art: 1100 - 1025 BC
An exomis (a short chiton) was worn for exercise, horse riding, or hard labor. The himation a rectangular heavy fabric, woolen or linen, was draped over the shoulders. Women sometimes wore an epiblema (shawl) over their wardrobe.
-Very few sculptures found
-Art that was found showed no new methods or innovation due to constant wars and invasions
Red Figure Painting
In the late 6th century, painters wanted to overlap designs and paintings. They couldn't with black figure paintings
Athens came up with red figure painting.
Painted red figures of animals and humans over a black background
Replaced black figure painting and became the dominate style
Proto-Geometric art: 1025 - 900 BC
-Sculptures started representing city-state’s heroes, legends and cultures
Women and men wore sandals, slippers, soft shoes, or boots.
Young men wore chlamys (short cloak) for riding. Greek men wore a broad-brimmed hat (petasos), and women donned a flat-brimmed one with a high peaked crown.
Dates roughly from 8th to 7th century B.C
Influenced from trade from the east
Characterized by flowing lines, flowers, and animals.
The durability of pottery helped show the lives, beliefs, history and stories of Ancient Greece better than any other ancient finds because they lasted longer then writings and paintings.
Archaic art: 700 - 450 BC
-More natural style influenced by Near East and Egypt
-Greeks were the ones who first invented free-standing statues
-Main aim of sculptures was to try and show perfection in the human form, however many sculptures came across as stiff and unnatural.
Classical art: 480 - 323 BC
-Sculptors mastered marble and created sculptures that showed movement and expression
-Sculptures showed pure expression of freedom, self-consciousness and self-determination which inspired inhabitants of ancient Greece
Discobolos (The Discus Thrower)
Hellenistic art: 323 - 31 BC
-Artists didn’t stick to classical conventions and turned to more experimental movement and a sense of freedom that allowed the artist to explore their subjects from unique points of view
White Ground Technique
Developed at the end of the 6th century
Figures painted on white background
The Doric style is sturdy and it's top is plain. This style was used in mainland Greece.
The Corinthian style was seldom used in the Greek world. It's capital is very elaborate and decorated with leaves.
The Ionic structure is thinner and more elegant. It's capital is decorated with a scroll like design. This style was found in eastern Greece.
1. How were the arts important to Ancient Greek civilization?
"Greek Painting." Essential Humanities. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Sep. 2014.
"Pottery in the Bronze Age." Arts and Humanities Through the Eras. Ed. Edward I. Bleiberg, et al. Vol. 2: Ancient Greece and Rome 1200 B.C.E.-476 C.E. Detroit: Gale, 2005. 392-394. World History in Context. Web. 17 Sept. 2014.
2. Was one aspect of the arts more important than the others?
3. Did other cultures influence the art of the ancient
"Mycenaean Sculpture ." University of Oklahoma, n.d. Web. 19 Sept. 2014. <http://www.ou.edu/finearts/art/ahi4913/aegeanhtml/mycsclp1.html>.
"Overview of Architecture and Design." Arts and Humanities Through the Eras. Ed. Edward I. Bleiberg, et al. Vol. 2: Ancient Greece and Rome 1200 B.C.E.-476 C.E. Detroit: Gale, 2005. 4-5. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 17 Sept. 2014.
University Press Inc. "Clothing." Ancient Greece. University Press Inc., 2003-20012. Web. 17 Sept. 2014.
At home the Ancient Greeks often went bare.