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Theory of Relativity

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Molly Owen

on 26 March 2013

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Transcript of Theory of Relativity

Einstein's Theory of Relativity Here's how it works: Imagine you're in a car, and you throw something out the window. To you, the object appears to go 30 mph. To someone standing on the side of the road, the speed of the car appears to add to the speed of the object, so it goes 90 mph. But if you turned on a flashlight in the car, the beam of light goes the same speed from the perspectives of both you and the bystander. Why? As Einstein discovered, only speeds of relatively slow moving objects add up. The speed of light always stays the same. The theory of relativity changed the way people look at space and time. Much of modern science wouldn't be possible without Einstein's discovery. Another Example: Imagine you and your friend are floating in space. you your friend You may have seen this equation before, a result of the theory of relativity: E=MC 2 energy mass speed of light Albert Einstein It may seem like magic, but the theory of relativity is scientifically proven by many tests. You both are. According to Einstein, everyone's frame of reference is equally valid. To you, your friend appears to be getting closer. To him, you are the one who appears to be moving. So who's right? General Theory of Relativity Massive objects create a distortion in space-time. Space-time was declared a single continuum by Einstein. Think of it as a trampoline, and think of planets as bowling balls resting on its surface. They create an indent. Now imagine you placed a marble right here The marble would spiral around until it hit Earth. This is essentially how gravity works (Space.com). Applications Of & Discoveries Based on Relativity The theory of relativity proves... The universe isn't infinite
Space, matter, and time are dependent on each other GPS systems Without the theory of relativity, our GPS systems wouldn't work. This is because relative to reference points on Earth, a GPS satellite moves fast. Nowhere near the speed of light, but fast. Because of this, a clock would move slower aboard the satellite. If this wasn't taken into account, the GPS wouldn't work right Einstein's Impact Einstein gave people the idea that there is more than one truth depending on your perspective People were more motivated to use education to their advantage after seeing Einstein's climb to the top Einstein used his fame and influence to speak his mind about issues such as nuclear warfare, education, and human rights Problems Caused by the Theory of Relativity The atomic bomb would not be possible without the knowledge of mass and energy's equivalence Conclusion Einstein’s new way of thinking was a solid foundation for new scientists to build off of. Without it, we wouldn't have nearly as much understanding of the universe we live in, and we wouldn't have unlocked capabilities that before were unknown. He changed the world in more ways than one by not being afraid to make guesses far away from what is expected. Works Cited Albert Einstein. Myanmars. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2013. <http://www.myanmars.net/myanmar-history/albert-einstein-quote.htm>."Albert Einstein." Nobelprize.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2013. <http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1921/einstein-bio.html>."Albert Einstein and the Theory of Relativity." Dept. Physics & Astronomy University of Tennessee. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2013. <http://csep10.phys.utk.edu/astr161/lect/history/einstein.html>."Albert Einstein Online." Albert Einstein Online. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2013. <http://www.westegg.com/einstein/>.Arora, Hans. "Einstein's Theory of Relativity: Implications beyond Science?" Science in Society. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2013. <http://scienceinsociety.northwestern.edu/content/articles/2008/research-digest/student-papers/einstein/einstein2019s-theory-of-relativity-implications-beyond-science>.Einstein, Albert. Einstein Explains the Equivalence of Energy and Matter. AIP. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2013. <http://www.aip.org/history/einstein/voice1.htm>.- - -. Relativity: The Special and General Theory. Trans. Robert W. Lawson. New York: Bartleby, 2000. Print."Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity." Squidoo. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Mar. 2013. <http://www.squidoo.com/relativity_explanation>."Einstein's Theory of General Relativity." Space.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2013. <http://www.space.com/17661-theory-general-relativity.html>.Friendly Mushroom. Tumblr. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Mar. 2013. <http://www.tumblr.com/tagged/the%20desert>."The Realities of Einstein’s Relativity and Our GPS System." Bright Hub. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2013. <http://www.brighthub.com/science/space/articles/32969.aspx>."The Theory of Relativity." Curious about Astronomy? N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2013. <http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/relativity.php>."Theory of Relativity - Factual Implications." All about Science. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2013. <http://www.allaboutscience.org/theory-of-relativity.htm>."What's so Special about Relativity?" University of Illinois. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2013. <http://archive.ncsa.illinois.edu/Cyberia/NumRel/SpecialRel.html>. (All About Science). (Brighthub.com). (Science in Society). (Science in Society). About Einstein Albert Einstein is one of the most famous scientists of all time, mostly due to his breakthrough theory of relativity. On March 14, 1879, Einstein was born in Ulm, in Württemberg, Germany. He worked in a Swiss patent office after receiving his Swiss citizenship and his diploma. When Einstein saw problems in Newtonian mechanics, he thought it was his job to figure out answers for future scientists to build off of (Nobelprize.com).
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