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Mozart 40th Symphony

overview of Classical era, Mozart and 1st mvt 40th symphony

Russell Meyers

on 2 July 2013

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Transcript of Mozart 40th Symphony

1st movement from
Symphony No 40

Classical era

Classical music grew out of Baroque music so it is similar but not the same
Classical music contains fewer ornaments than Baroque music
The pieces are balanced with equal four-bar phrases split into a two-bar question and a two-bar answer
The dynamics are more subtle using crescendos and diminuendos and not just changing suddenly.
There were some new instruments as well
The piano was invented around 1700
The clarinet was invented about this time too
Orchestras got bigger - woodwind, trumpets and horns were used more, and the string section expanded

Mozart lived from
1756 to 1791
a symphony is a large-scale work for a large orchestra
in three or four movements
First Movement:
fast tempo
usually written in sonata form
Second Movement:
slow tempo
various forms used
Third Movement:
minuet and trio or scherzo and trio
Fourth Movement:
fast tempo
written in either rondo form, sonata form or as a set of variations
tempo = the speed of the music
ternary form = a three part structure in A B A form
theme and variations = a theme followed by a series of variations on the original theme
rondo = a structure that goes from A to B, back to A, to C, to A, to D, etc
Minuet and trio =
a minuet (a stately dance in triple time)
followed by a contrasting middle section (the trio)
and then back to a minuet
Sonata form = exposition then development and then recapitulation
From the age of 4 Mozart studied keyboard and composition
by Russell Meyers
Although he only lived for 35 years he wrote a huge amount of music
Full transcript