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Dogs

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by

Scott Harland

on 19 June 2014

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Transcript of Dogs

Dog History
What is a Pedigree?
A pedigree chart is a diagram that shows the occurrence and appearance of a particular gene or organism and its ancestors from one generation to the next.
Purebred Dogs
Dog Show
Dog shows are events in which purebred dogs compete against each other based on their breed standards.
Dogs
When people first domesticated wolves it was a win-win situation. The wolves got a partnership, protection and shelter and a reliable food source. Humans got companions
for hunting, help with herding, an early alarm system and a source of food. Some wolves had different personalities and the ones with the more curious personality were easier to train.
Bloodhound
Rottweiler
Saint Bernard
Bloodhound
Bloodhounds are dogs that aren't easy to train but very smart. They don't shed too much but a little bit. They aren't guard dogs or watch dogs at all but lots of people like them anyway. They are pretty big and lazy but they are great around kids. The bloodhound originated in France and were used as police dogs. Only the bloodhound's nose was used as evidence in a court of law. Police used them to find bombs or to detect drugs and to track fugitives. Bloodhounds are great, loyal loving dogs to have and they are great once you train them but it will be a challenge. Their great sense of smell will be hard to control on a leash so you will have to train them from an early age. They will be needed to be fenced in.
Rottweiler
Saint Bernard
The Saint Bernard is the best dog in the world because they are extremely gentle, friendly and very tolerant of children. They are slow moving, patient, obedient, extremely loyal, eager and willing to please. They shed twice a year and when they do they shed a lot! There are two different kinds; the rough haired and the soft haired. There are two types of coat: rough and smooth, but both are very dense and come in white with markings in tan, red, mahogany, brindle and black, all in various combinations. In the rough-coated dogs, the hair is slightly longer and there is feathering on the thighs and legs. Their height is 26 inches and they weigh about 110-200 lbs. These dogs are great around children if you train them good from a puppy. You can expect a lifespan of 8-10 years.
The rottweiler is a dog that you will need to train well when its a puppy. You will need to assert your dominance because to the dog you are its pack. You need to be higher up in the pack than it for your relationship to work. You will need to exercise him everyday. He won't be happy with just a kennel or your back yard. You should take him for a jog everyday or just a walk if your lazy. They love chasing behind you on your bicycle or going for a swim. They also love to play fetch. You will never tire a rottweiler out The rottweiler is usually anywhere between 22-27 inches tall and 85-130 pounds. You can expect it to last about 11 years.
Some categories you might find in a dog show are: general appearance, movement, temperament, and specific physical traits such as height and weight, coat, colors, eye color and shape, ear shape and placement, feet, tail and more.
If you win a dog show you don't get much of anything. Usually just a gift certificate or small amounts of money
Inbreeding
Inbreeding is bad for purebred dogs because it can cause health problems for them such as: higher risk of cancer and tumors, eye and heart disease, joint and bone disorders, immune system and neurological diseases, and even epilepsy.
Designer
Dog
A designer dog is a cross of two different breeds of purebred dogs.
Someone would want a designer dog because first of all they don't have health problems as often as purebred dogs. they might also want one because there might be some characteristics in one purebred dog that they like but there is also another dog with a different characteristic that they like so they will breed those to dogs to get the cross
What is a designer dog?
Why would someone want a designer dog?
Labradoodle
Bassador
English Mastweiler
Puppy Mill
A puppy mill is a breeding home for dogs. The point of the puppy mill is to produce the most amount of purebred and crossbred dogs at the lowest cost and sell them to unsuspecting families. These mills are usually overcrowded and a very dismal place for dogs to be raised. Since the owner of the mill wants to raise the dogs at the lowest price possible, they do not meet the needs of the dogs. Most dogs are born with, or will develop, genetic defects and other health problems sometime in their lives as a result of poor living conditions.
Greyhound Racing
Greyhound racing is when trainers make their greyhound race against others. Greyhound racing occurs in 8 countries including Australia, Ireland, Macao, Mexico, New Zealand, United Kingdom, Vietnam and the United States. The greyhounds that race mostly live in kennels and have a the trainers keep a mussel on them at all times. Many greyhounds get crate and mussel sores and suffer from internal and external parasites. Although the dogs have very thin coats and almost no fat making them extremely sensitive to weather, they are forced to race in extreme weather conditions-ranging from sub-zero to a scalding heat of over 100°F.
Dog Fighting
Dog fighting is when two dogs are put in a dirt pit that is usually 8-16 square feet and forced to fight to the death for the amusement of the trainers and spectators. The most commonly bred dogs for fighting are Staffordshire terriers, American Staffordshire terriers, American bulldogs, and American pit bull terriers. All of them are usually referred to as pit bulls. The breeders "train" dogs by forcing them to tread water in pools, run on a treadmill while a cat or another animal is placed in a cage in front of the dog (to be caught and mauled to death as a reward afterward) and hang on with their jaws while dangling from a chain baited with meat. The breeders will do anything to give their dog the advantage. they will starve them so they're hungry and are willing to do anything to kill and eat the other dog, the breeders will inject there dogs with steroids, they will file down their dog's teeth to a point, they will even cut off their own dog's ears so other dogs can't latch on to them in the middle of a fight and sometimes the trainers will put roach poison on their dog's hide so it tastes bad to the other dogs in the ring.



Parasites
Roundworms
The roundworm are the most frequent type of worm parasite found in a dog. There are a few ways a dog can get roundworms. A mother's milk can transmit roundworms. Puppies and adults can become infected by ingested eggs from the soil.Eggs entering through the puppy’s mouth hatch in her stomach. The larvae are carried to the lungs by the circulatory system. Here they break through the capillaries into the air sacs, sometimes causing coughing and gagging. Once in the lungs, the larvae crawl up the windpipe and are swallowed. Back in the intestines, the larvae develop into adult worms. Adults can grow up to 7 inches long.
Tapeworms
Tapeworms live inside the small intestines of the dog and vary from a few inches to several feet. The head of the worm fastens to the wall of the gut by hooks and suckers. To cure tapeworm infection, the head must be destroyed. If it is not, the worm will regenerate. The tapeworms are passed on through the poop. Fresh, moist segments are about one-quarter inch (6 mm) long and are capable of moving. Sometimes you can see the tapeworms crawling through the dogs fur near the bum. Sometimes your dog will experience anal itching. When dry, The tapeworms resemble kernels of rice.
Whip worms
The adult whip worm is 2-3 inches long. It is thicker at one end giving it the appearance of a whip. The adult worm lives in the last part of the small intestines and the first part of the large intestines, where it fastens to the wall of the gut. Whip worms can cause acute, chronic, or intermittent diarrhea in dogs. Typically, the poo is bloody. Dogs with a heavy infestation may lose weight, fail to thrive, and develop anemia.
Hookworms
Hookworms attach their mouths to the small intestines and suck the blood and tissues from the host which can result in severe blood loss. There are five ways hookworms can enter a dog
Migration through the placenta in utero
Ingesting larvae in mother’s milk
Ingesting larvae in the soil
Direct penetration of the skin (usually through the pads of the feet)
Ingesting an intermediate host
Heart worms
The only way dogs can get heart worms is by getting bitten by an infected mosquito. It takes about 7 months for the larvae to reach adulthood from the time bitten.They then lodge in the heart, lungs, and surrounding blood vessels and begin reproducing. Adult worms can grow up to 12 inches in length, can live 5-7 years, and a dog can have as many as 250 worms in its system.
Mites
Mites are a parasite that feeds on the outer layer of skin and the tissue fluid. You can treat it the same way you exterminate fleas. Some symptoms of mites are excessive scratching, dandruff and visible mites. Some causes include frequent contact with animals, recent stays in animal shelters, kennels and grooming establishments.
Fleas
The flea life cycle includes the adult flea, egg, larva and pupa. Adult fleas do bite, but cannot survive long if they are not on the dog. Once the adult flea lays its eggs on the host it will fall off, leaving the eggs to mutate through the rest of their life cycles. Most owners first notice frequent and severe itching and scratching, hair loss, and scabs on the dog's skin. Many times the hind end is affected more than the front of the body or the head. Dogs that are being affected by an allergic reaction to the fleas can have lesions anywhere on the body.

Ticks
Ticks are parasitic organisms that attach themselves by mouth to the skin of dogs, cats, and other mammals. These parasites feed on the blood of their hosts and can cause toxicosis. Ticks come in four stages: egg, larvae, nymph, and adult. Ticks are visibly present and feel like round bumps on the skin. May be found by petting or a palpation. Animals acquire ticks from being in contact with long grass or wooded areas.
My Own Experience
I used to have a dog named Clifford. he wasn't red but he was a chocolate lab so he had a brown coat that was really short and slick. He was really hyper so we had to give him away because we didn't have the time to take care of him. I remember one time on my birthday I was around 7 and i brought a bunch of friends to the field outside my yard. My dad was hitting baseballs into the field and we had to try and get the ball before my dog did. Of course we never beat him but it was really fun.
The End
Thanks for watching and I hope you enjoyed it
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