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Symbolic Convergence Theory
Transcript of Symbolic Convergence Theory
First assumption —
Meaning, emotion, and motive for action are in the manifest content of a message.
Second assumption —
Reality is created symbolically.
Third assumption —
Fantasy-theme chains work to create symbolic convergence in the form of dramas, or narratives.
Fourth assumption —
Fantasy-theme analysis is the basic method used to capture symbolic reality.
Fifth assumption —
Fantasy themes occur in and chain outward, meaning that discussions about particular themes lead to thematic dissemination.
Sixth assumption —
Rhetorical vision can be categorized.
Symbolic Convergence Theory
John Cragan is a small-group communications researcher and a recently-retired professor at University of St. Thomas in Minnesota.
Donald Shields is also a small-group communications researcher and professor at University of Missouri-Kansas City. He is also credited with the establishment of symbolic interaction theory.
refer to the building blocks of a perception of reality. They consist of:
, which can be heroes, villains, or supporting roles.
, which refer to the action or development of a particular narrative.
, which are locations, properties, and sociocultural environments.
, which is a source that gives the story credit.
refer to fantasy themes that have developed popularity through group communication. Sometimes, these can become
, which are stories of achievement which relate to personal, group, or community success.
are the composite vision of a group regarding plots, character developments, actions, and sanctioning agents. It develops into a particular perception of reality that is commonly understood.
are triggers that bring a rhetorical vision to mind without explaining the rhetorical vision.
also known as fantasy-theme analysis
Group Composition and Size
Popularity of Fantasy Themes
Complexity of Rhetorical Vision
Type of Symbolic Cue
Effectiveness of Rhetorical Vision
First tenet —
An individual's images of realit yare guided by stories of how things are believed to be.
Second tenet —
Stories are created in symbolic interation in small groups; these interactions lead to creation of rhetorical visions.
Third tenet —
Conversations create and sustain narratives for a group that make up its reality.
Fourth tenet —
Prominent fantasy themes become fantasy types, which become rhetorical visions
An explanation of how humans come to create shared narratives of reality.
The widely applicable theoretical scope of Symbolic Convergence Theory makes claims about reality in regard to small-group communication.
Oversimplification of the reality of group communication
Inability to address appearances
Use is affected by personal bias