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Pedagogy of the Oppressed

Paulo Freire's Theory of Oppression

Michelle Trimble

on 17 December 2015

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Transcript of Pedagogy of the Oppressed

Paulo Freire's Theory of Oppression Paulo Freire (1921-1997) A Brazilian Educator

His early childhood experience of living in poverty

Earned a Law Degree at the University of Recife

Director of the Department of Cultural Extension

Forced into exile for 15 years by the Brazilian military

Visiting Professor at Harvard University

Pedagogy of the Oppressed Oppression Banking Concept of Education Problem-Posing Banking Concept of Education The more students work at storing the deposits entrusted to them, the less they develop critical thinking skills a. the teacher teaches and the students are taught;

b. the teacher knows everything and the students know nothing;

c.the teacher thinks and the students are thought about;

d. the teacher talks and the students listen--meekly

e. the teacher disciplines and the students are disciplined;

f.the teacher chooses and enforces their choice, and the students comply; g.the teacher acts and the students have the illusion of acting through the action of the teacher;

h. the teacher chooses the program content, and the students adapt to it;

i. the teacher confuses the authority of knowldge with their own professional authority, which they set in opposition to the freedom of the students;

j. the teacher is the Subject of the learning process, while the students are mere objects.
"I didn't understand anything because of my hunger, I wasn't dumb.
It wasn't lack of interest. My social condition didn't allow me to have
an education. Experience showed me once again the relationship
between social class and knowlege"-- Paulo Freire Oppression is overwhelming control,"an act is oppressive only when it prevents people from being more fully human" Humanization is characterized in terms of:
-Yearning for freedom and justice
-Struggle to recover humanity
-Overcoming alienation
-Affirmation of the individual Dehumanization is characterized in terms of:
-Those robbed of their humanity
-Those who have robbed others of their humanity Banking Education attitudes and practices which mirror an oppressive society The student records, memorizes, and repeats Knowledge is a gift bestowed by those who consider themselves knowledgeable upon those whom they consider to know nothing. Students are seen as empty vessels waiting to be filled. It attemps to control thinking and action, which leads students to adjust to the world and inhibits their creative power Problem-posing education is responding to the essence of consiousness which embodies communication. Education that consists in acts of cognition, not transferrals of information. Breaks with the vertical patterns characterized in banking education. Through dialogue, the teacher-of-the-students and the students-of-the-teacher cease to exist and a new term emerges: teacher-student with student-teacher. Education is seen as the practice of freedom, opposed to education as the practice of domination.
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