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The Middle Colonies: New York, Pennsylvania, Delaware, New Jersey

Coronado Middle School
by

Ellie Nixon

on 21 September 2012

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Transcript of The Middle Colonies: New York, Pennsylvania, Delaware, New Jersey

Pennsylvania THE MIDDLE COLONIES Delaware, the Keystone State, holds its name high because it was the grounding of the new country. They were the first colony to enter into statehood, the first to ratify the Constitution of the United States. Even with this great distinction, their distinguished history began long before this, when the Swedish people under the Dutch East India Company, began exploring what would be the Delaware Bay. Delaware New York New Jersey The Middle colonies had a good climate
Rich soil so farmers could grow good and staple crops
Most of their crops were planted with wheat, barley, or oats
With all the crops, farmers could have good live stocks
Because of all of this, it was easy to have a good economy in the middle colonies
Trade was also important in the middle colonies economy
Merchants in Philadelphia and New York transferred goods to Britain and the West Indies Economy Slaves were more important to the middle colonies than they were for England
This was because Delaware as new colonies had a large number of labor needs
Most of the slaves worked on crops, were Blacksmiths, Carpenters, or worked on board ships
In the 1700-1755’s there were about 135,000 indentured servants in the middle colonies
Half of the slave population moved to Pennsylvania. Slavery Pennsylvania’s Religion: safe colony for Quakers
Quaker religion considered heretic and people were persecuted
New Netherlands, New York, and New Jersey had Jews, French Huguenots and Puritans
Delaware was part of Pennsylvania, held many Quakers Religion Government Delaware government had a legislature it was made of 2 branches
One is called the “council” it had 9 members, as is chosen by an election
If you were on the council you had to be 25 years old at least
The other branch is called “ the house of assembly.”
And consists of 7 representatives and is from each county who are chosen annually
There will also be a president and shall be chosen by joint ballot of both house of the assembly
Each colony had a governor who served as the head of the government
An advisory council assisted most governors
People elected representatives to make laws as set policy
The middle colonies used both country and town meetings.
William Penn was one off the founders of Pennsylvania
Penn did not want all the power so he elected a assembly
Penn created a self government run by the people William Penn buys land from the indians: William Penn was a Quaker, and wanted a safe place for all Quakers. This new land was name Pennsylvania. Geography and Climate Introduction Names like William Penn, Henry Hudson, and Lord Baltimore have made their mark on history and the United States indefinitely. Their names have made a mark on the Middle Colonies many of which hold their names in important places like the state of Pennsylvania, the Hudson River, and the city of Baltimore Maryland. The Middle Colonies composed of Delaware, New Jersey, New York and Pennsylvania have held a great importance in the founding of the United States from being the home of the first Continental Congress to being the first state to ratify the Constitution of the United States of America. From the first state to ratify the Constitution, New Jersey holds the distinction of being the first state to ratify the first ten amendments to the Constitution, what we hold as the Bill of Rights. New Jersey was founded by two friends of the Duke of York, who showed their strong believe in religious freedoms which lead a basis for the First Amendment of the Constitution of the United States of America. Pennsylvania, also founded on the belief of religious freedom this time from the Quakers, would hold an important role in the founding of this new country. The city of Philadelphia will play a pivotal role in this founding, from being the home of some of the most open minded men of the era to creating a document that will change the way government will be run for many years to come. New York, or New Amsterdam as it was called at its founding, would not probably know what a role it will play in the next few hundred years. A colony that was founded on the economic competition of two countries, England and the Netherlands, would have an economic role for the years to come. The dutch founded New Netherland in 1613, then was renamed New York by the English
In 1664 General Petter Stuyresant led the beginning of the New York colony
After 1664 Duke of York made Lord John Beckley and Sir George Carter proprietors of New Jersey
The Quakers, one of the largest religious groups in New Jersey, founded Pennsylvania in 1682
Delaware started as part of Pennsylvania, but then broke away, creating the colony of Delaware Start of Settlement The Middle colonies all had fertile soil
Was easy to farm there, so they grow a lot of crops
The Appilation Mountains run though out the middle colonies
The winters were very cold
Different rivers run though out the colonies
There were many trees and valleys
People could not settle to the west of the Appilation Mountains due to the native population The Middle colonies main crops were wheat, barley, and oats
Farmers would also raise livestock
Slaves were skilled laborers, like blacksmiths and carpenters
Women made a large contribution to businesses but would mostly work in homes
Trade was a big factor in Pennsylvania and New York
They would ship continental goods to Britain and the west Indies
Colonial middle colonies are very different than the modern-day states, from many tourists to the large populations. Conclusion Grace Weisbrod
Sydney Frank
Wesley Milam
Edward Fuller
Easton Gormican
Aidan Goulding
Marc Stephenson
Aurora Duran
Ellie Nixon
Jesse Aegerter
Dustin Young
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