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Diseases of the Renaissance

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Tia Brown

on 21 May 2012

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Transcript of Diseases of the Renaissance

Diseases of the Renaissance By: Samantha Cisneros Bubonic Plague is a Zoonotic disease that is mainly found in small rodents and their fleas. This disease is one of the 3 types of infections caused by Yersinia Pestis which is formally known as Pasteurella Pestis. It belongs to the Enterobacteriaceae family. Without any treatment, Bubonic Plague kills about two thirds of infected humans within 4 days. Bubonic Plague, Septicemic Plague and Pneumonic Plague were believed to be the cause of Black Death that was found throughout Europe in the 14th Century and killed an estimated 25 million people, or the 30%-60% of the European Population. Bubonic Plague The most famous symptom of Bubonic Plague is the infection of the Lymph Glands which become swollen and painful. The disease can be passed down to a human by on bite from an infected flea. Buboes which is associated with the bubonic plague is commonly found in the armpits, upper femoral, groin and the neck region. Acral gangrene (fingers, toes, lips and nose), is another very common symptom. The term "Black Death" comes from the black color of the Necrotize tissue. This pandemic was all over Europe in the mid-fourteenth century. Signs and Symptoms The first recorded European Syphilis outbreak occurred in the 1495 among the French troops. It may have been transmitted to the French from the Spanish. Syphilis frequently covered the body from head to the knees. It even caused peoples flesh to fall from their faces which ended in death a few months later. This disease caused millions of deaths across Europe and was one of the main killers during the Renaissance. Syphilis Puerperal fever which was also known as Childhood fever is a infection that woman get from childbirth or a miscarriage. 1600s through the mid late 1800s. The majority of these cases were caused by doctors because at that time, they didn't believe in germs so they felt that washing hands wasn't needed. In the 1800s, Dr. Ignaz Semmelweis discovered that woman that gave birth at home had a lower number of childbed fever than woman who gave birth in the doctor's maternity ward. He discovered that washing hands with antiseptic solution would reduce your chances of getting childbed fever by 90%. Puerperal fever Typhoid is a common worldwide bacterial disease transmitted by taking in food or water contaminated with feces of a person that has been infected. Typhoid killed more than 6000 settles between the years of 1607 and 1624. While the American Civil War was taking place, 18,360 soldiers died from the infection. In the 19th century the fever affected 65 per 100,00 people a year. The worst year though was in 1891 when the death rate rose to 174 per 100,000 people. Typhoid fever
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