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STHC04 - Aromatherapy

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Nayim Abusag

on 28 January 2017

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Transcript of STHC04 - Aromatherapy

Nayim Abusag & Laurence Russell
Clinical approaches to aromatherapy
Aromatherapy in professional sport
Many athletic trainers and sports physiotherapists use aromatherapy to enhance athletes’ fitness for competition and to shorten recovery time during training

(Sports Digest, 2010)
Carrier oils within massage
There are over 100 essential oils in therapeutic use, all of which have different roles in the treatment process (Cumming et. al, 2007).
2 primary methods
Cellular diffusion through the epidermis layer of the skin
Manipulation of soft tissue by pressure, traction and rubbing, as essential oils used as the appropriate medium
Massage stimulates blood circulation increasing localised erythema
Where is it now?...
Physiological Effects

"Among the most popular alternative or complementary forms of treatment available in the UK..." (Lawless, 2000)

"Currently has group 2 NHS provision in conventional medical care" (House of lords select committee, 2001:3)

There are currently 12 organisations which govern aromatherapy and 9 that represent massage... Organisations include Aromatherapy council, British Complementary medicine and the institute for complementary medicine (Cumming et al., 2007)

Requires little or no preparation… can be readily employed by all kinds of people in a variety of ways to enhance their health and overall quality of lifestyle. (Lawless, 2000)

Aromatherapy in conjunction with other therapies offers noninvasive, safe alleviation of physiological and psychological stresses resulting from elite athletes’ sports injuries (Sports Digest, 2010)
Originated over 6,000 years ago by the
Used in WW2 to treat injured soldiers wounds
In 1964, Madame Marguerite Maury, a French biochemist; applied essential oils to the skin with massage
In 1928, Dr. Gattefosse reintroduced and pioneered the use of Aromatherapy for healing
Any Questions?...
The History of Aromatherapy
Dulani Stephenson

Aromatherapy, Sports Massage

London Olympics 2012
Aromatherapy studies carried out on elite College athletes, showed increased push-ups, running speed and grip strength; when wearing peppermint strips.
(Claps, 2002)
induced sports wear?
Stimulating peppermint
Calming lavender
Psychological effects
Sense of smell
Connects with the autonomic nervous system
Release of Neurotransmitters
(Eliopoulos, 2010)
Pain reduction
Different scents > Different effects
Common reliever of stress and anxiety
Boosting psychological preparation
Stimulating mental relaxation post-event
Ineffective treatment
Effective placebo
Certain smells elicit pleasant responses, it is not too great of a leap to imagine that they might also lead to decreased anxiety, pain, or nausea.
(Bent, 2000)
Air diffusion
Ingestion of syrups and capsules
(Demetriou, 2007)
For some therapies in group 2 NHS provision (especially in the care of the terminally ill) is already a reality. However, more work is needed to be done to develop their regulatory structures and, in some cases, to encourage more research into their specific effects

(House of lords select committee, 2001:3)
German Chamomile
Essential oils
within sport
Boosts circulatory and immune system
Eases stiffness in joints such as Arthritis and Rheumatism
Apply post exercise helps rejuvenate energy levels
Brain stimulant
prevents fatigue
prevents muscle spasm and cramp
Not a cooling agent, so not preferred for inflammation injuries
Best applied as a pre-event boost for endurance events
Loosens and relaxes muscle tissue
Effective for bruising and strains
Increased effect when applied with heat
Strong psychological stimulant
Predominately used post-event
Contains Chamazulene which is helping in the reduction of both internal and external inflammation
As well as easing joint and muscle inflammation, also eases inflammation of tendons (bursitis)
Assists in the repair of broken skin and vascular conditions
Antidepressant and a mild sedative
Strong sedative, should not be used pre-event
Powerful relaxant, with a warming analgesic action
Ease the onset of cramp and DOMS
Excellent for post-event massage and aromatic baths
Aloe Vera
Extracts commonly used in a soothing gel
Eases inflammation
Used directly on joints and muscle tissue
Extract oil can also be used in warm aroma baths as part of contrast bathing for post-event
(Base Formula England, 2012)
Outcomes of this presentation...
History of Aromatherapy
Physiological effects
Psychological effects
Approaches to Aromatherapy
Methods and applications
Use and purpose of carrier oils
Use in professional sport
Arguments against the use of Aromatherapy in conventional medicine (summary)
Nasal Passage
Temporal Lobe
The spinal column
Body Response
Faster healing of skin disorders
Increased blood circulation
Increased lymphatic drainage
Musculoskeletal fatigues, aches and pains
Metabolic conditions and hormonal imbalances

(Massage Therapy, 2010); (Saeki and Shiohara, 2001)
Used as complementary aftercare treatment in conjunction with massage or as a stand-alone, non-invasive form of therapy
•Irritable bowel syndrome
•Generalised stress and tension
•Musculoskeletal conditions
•Palliative care
(West Coast Institute of Aromatherapy)
(Cummings et al., 2007)
(Alexander, 2001)
(Gould, 2004)
(Schnaubelt, 1999)
Full transcript