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7 religions

Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism
by

Monica P

on 4 October 2012

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Transcript of 7 religions

7 Religions of the World Monica Paul &
Destiny Patton Christianity Monica Paul &
Destiny Patton Islam Monica Paul &
Destiny Patton Buddhism Monica Paul &
Destiny Patton Judaism Monica Paul &
Destiny Patton Hinduism Monica Paul &
Destiny Patton Confucianism Monica Paul &
Destiny Patton Taoism Continent(s) you'll find the religion: God(s) (Dieties) Dates of origin: Name 2 countries you'll find the religion: Number of followers worldwide: Sects (Denominations): Symbol: Book (writings): Founder: Holidays/celebrations: Main beliefs/teachings: Continent(s) you'll find the religion: God(s) (Dieties) Dates of origin: Name 2 countries you'll find the religion: Number of followers worldwide: Sects (Denominations): Symbol: Book (writings): Founder: Holidays/celebrations: Main beliefs/teachings: Continent(s) you'll find the religion: God(s) (Dieties) Dates of origin: Name 2 countries you'll find the religion: Number of followers worldwide: Sects (Denominations): Symbol: Book (writings): Founder: Holidays/celebrations: Main beliefs/teachings: Continent(s) you'll find the religion: God(s) (Dieties) Dates of origin: Name 2 countries you'll find the religion: Number of followers worldwide: Sects (Denominations): Symbol: Book (writings): Founder: Holidays/celebrations: Main beliefs/teachings: Continent(s) you'll find the religion: God(s) (Dieties) Dates of origin: Name 2 countries you'll find the religion: Number of followers worldwide: Sects (Denominations): Symbol: Book (writings): Founder: Holidays/celebrations: Main beliefs/teachings: Continent(s) you'll find the religion: God(s) (Dieties) Dates of origin: Name 2 countries you'll find the religion: Number of followers worldwide: Sects (Denominations): Symbol: Book (writings): Founder: Holidays/celebrations: Main beliefs/teachings: Continent(s) you'll find the religion: God(s) (Dieties) Dates of origin: Name 2 countries you'll find the religion: Number of followers worldwide: Sects (Denominations): Symbol: Book (writings): Founder: Holidays/celebrations: Main beliefs/teachings: Jesus and his disciples. 30 AD One God who is a Trinity of
Father, Son, and Holy Spirit 2 billion North America, South America, Asia, Australia, Europe, and Africa. United States of America and Canada Founded by Siddharta Gautama
(the Buddha) 520 BC,
NE India India and Nepal China and Mongolia 360 million Asia Theravada atheistic; Mahayana
more polytheistic. The Bible
(Old and New
Testaments) 900 million One Supreme Reality (Brahman) manifested in
many gods and goddesses Asia This religion cannot be
traced to a specific founder 1500 BC One God, Yahweh Bible (Tanakh), Talmud 14 million United States and Israel North America, South America, Europe, Asia, and Africa Muhammad 622 AD, Saudi Arabia One God (Allah in Arabic) 1.3 billion North America, South America, Europe, Asia, and Africa Confucius 551–479 BC 5-6 million Analects China and Russia Asia None Purpose of life is to be honesty, polite, humane, and to
fulfill ones role in society by being loyal
to family and nation. Egypt and Turkey Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Protestant , Anglican/Episcopalian, Amish, Baptists, Lutheran, Presbyterian, Quakers, and Seventh-day Adventists Theravada, Mahayana, and Vajrayana •Ahmadiyya
•Shi'a
•Sufism
•Sunni Orthodox, Reform, Conservative, Hasidism, and Kabbalah. •Vaishnavism
• Shaivism
• Shaktism
•Smartism Exactly how many Hindu festivals are celebrated is not known, but one scholar of Hinduism has listed more than a thousand different Hindu festivals •Holi - festival of colors and spring (February-March)
•Mahashivaratri (Shiva Ratri) - night sacred to Shiva (February-March)
•Rama Navami - birthday of Lord Rama (April)
•Krishna Jayanti - birthday of Lord Krishna (July-August)
•Raksābandhana - renewing bonds between brothers and sisters (July-August)
•Kumbh Mela - pilgrimage every 12 years to four cities in India (July-August; last one 2003)
•Ganesha-Chaturthi (Ganesha Utsava) - festival of Ganesh (August-September)
•Dassera - victory of Rama over demon king Ravana (September-October)
•Navaratri - festival of Shakti (in Bengal) or Rama's victory over Ravana (South India) (September-October)
• Diwali - festival of lights and Laksmi (September-October) The Vedas, Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita, Ramayana, etc. 1300 BC Abraham Rosh Hashanah: Jewish New Year (1 Tishri)
Yom Kippur: Day of Atonement (10 Tishri)
Sukkot: Festival of Booths (15 Tishri)
Hanukkah (25 Kislev)
Tu B'Shevat: New Year for Trees (15 Shevat)
Purim (15 Adar)
Pesach: Passover (15 Nisan)
Shavuot: Pentecost (6 Sivan) Obey God's commandments, live ethically. Focus is more on this life than the next. Humans are in bondage to ignorance and illusion, but are able to escape. Purpose is to gain release from rebirth, or at least a better rebirth. All have sinned and are thereby separated from God. Salvation is through faith in Christ and, for some, sacraments and good works Advent (Nov. 30 - Dec. 24)
Christmas (Dec. 25)
Epiphany (Jan. 6)
Lent (40-day period prior to Easter)
Good Friday (last Friday before Easter)
Easter (date varies)
All Saint's Day (Nov. 1) Vary by region, but often include Buddha's birthday, Buddha's enlightenment, lunar quarters
Pali Canon (Tripitaka), numerous Mahayana sutras Purpose is to avoid suffering and gain enlightenment and release from cycle of rebirth,
or at least attain a better rebirth by gaining merit. Qur'an (Koran) Ramadan - month long, begins Oct. 16, 2004
Eid al-Fitr - Festival of Breaking the Fast
Hijra - week long; begins 1 Muharram
Eid al-Adha - Festival of Sacrifice Humans must submit (islam) to the will of God to gain Paradise after death. Ching Ming festival is celebrated 106 days after the winter solstice and families visit their ancestors or relatives' graves.

They also celebrate Confucius' birthday on September 28. There are no formal sects within Confucianism. Lao-Tzu 20 million 550 BC Only China Asia Purpose is inner harmony,
peace, and longevity.
Acheived by living in
accordance with the Tao. Pantheism - the Tao
pervades all. Yin-yang -
opposites make up a unity. There are no formal sects within Taoism, but scholars have identified two distinctive approaches to the Taoist traditions, labeled "Religious Taoism" and "Philosophical Taoism" Important Taoist texts include the Tao-te Ching, the Chuang-tzu and several other less famous works of Taoist philosophy. Chinese New Year
Lantern Festival
Tomb Sweeping Day
Dragon Boat Festival
Ghost Festival
Mid-Autumn Festival
Double Ninth Day Faith or belief in the Oneness of God and the finality of the prophethood of Muhammad;
Establishment of the daily prayers;
Concern for and almsgiving to the needy;
Self-purification through fasting; and
The pilgrimage to Makkah for those who are able.
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