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Introduction to key vocabluary words/elements of figurative language.

Matt Houselog

on 21 December 2018

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Transcript of POETRY

the repetition of the same consonant sound at the beginning of a group of words

a word that imitates the sound
it is describing

words that create a mental picture by appealing to the five senses:
Examples of Alliteration in Tongue Twisters:

Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.
Did Peter Piper pick a peck of pickled peppers?
If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers,
Where's the peck of pickled peppers Peter Piper picked?

Betty Botter bought some butter,
"But," she said, "this butter's bitter.
If I bake this bitter butter,
It will make my batter bitter.
But a bit of better butter -
That would make my batter better."
So she bought a bit of butter,
Better than her bitter butter,
And she baked it in her batter,
And the batter was not bitter.
So 'twas better Betty Botter
Bought a bit of better butter.
Even Batman uses onomatopoeia
Let's try using figurative language together :-)
Use alliteration to fill in the blank
Use imagery to describe colors
Use words that start with the letter "B":

The ________ bear ate ________ while ________ in the_______.
Use words that start with the letter "S":

_______ Sally saw _________ on the __________.
Use words that start with the letter "D":

The ________ dog ______ for ________ in the ______.
How could we use personification to describe nature?
Hint: The wind whispered through the trees.
Use onompatopoeia to describe each action or thing
- describing something by comparing it with something else
- language that goes beyond the literal meaning of words to give new meaning on an idea or subject.
Now it's your turn to use figurative language on your own
Figurative Language Assignment: Creating an Advertisement Using Figurative Language

Task: Using your understanding and knowledge of figurative language, you are going to create a product (or use an already existing product) and an advertisement that incorporates at least two figures of speech.

1. Decide on a product for which you want to develop an advertisement. Some suggestions might be: sneakers, a soft drink, candy, cereal, clothing brand, etc. Consider that the audience is someone your own age.
2. Create a name for your product, or use an already existing product.
3. Design a slogan, or “catchy phrase”.
4. Incorporate figurative language into the product name, slogan, or overall ad.
5. On the back of the poster, identify what types of figures of speech are used in your advertisement, including their definitions.
Figurative Language is used everyday:

TV shows & commercials
Magazine Advertisements
How we talk to each other
Strand 1: Reading Process
Concept 4: Vocabulary - Acquire and use new vocabulary in relevant contexts.
Performance Objective 4: Determine the meaning of figurative language, including similes, metaphors, personification, and idioms in prose and poetry.

Objective: I will be able to identify, define and use figurative language in prose (ordinary/everyday language) and poetry

comparing two unlike things using words: like, as, than, resembles.

making a comparison without using a connecting word
He is as stubborn as a mule.
He is a stubborn mule.
1. “Worn steel handcuffs bit at his wrists each time the small craft slapped into another wave.”
2. “Overhead, a gray-matted sky hung like a bad omen.”
3. “He was built like a bulldog with lazy eyes.”
4. “Cole recognized Garvey’s stocky bulldog figure at the helm.”
5. “Inch by inch the billowing flames devoured the supplies and the shelter.”
6. “He hated his parents. His mom was a scared Barbie doll.”
What form of figurative language is used?
Steps to Analyzing Poetry
Step 1. Read and Rhyme
Read through the poem once without stopping. ENJOY IT!
Identify any rhyme scheme in the poem.
Step 2. The 2 "T"’s – Title and Themes

Write down what you believe the title might mean.
List what themes are used in the poem (examples: love, hate, friendship, etc.).
Look for repetitive statements, alliteration, assonance, and important phrases.
Step 3. Marking Details: Repetition
Step 5. Explore Meanings
Search for connotative and figurative meanings
Identify Similes, Metaphors, and Personification.
Paraphrase all of these in your own words.
Do you notice any symbolism used?
Step 6. Moral of the poem? (the author’s argument)
What does this poem say (or teach us) about life?
way lines of a poem are arranged on the page
don't need to be complete sentences
stanzas - sections of a poem (like paragraphs)
free-verse - doesn't rhyme
couplet - two lines that rhyme
Rhyme - words end in the same sound
Rhythm - the beat of a poem
Repetition - sounds or patterns that are repeated
Roses are red, violets are blue
sugar is sweet, and so are you.
blue = you
soul = old
stressed syllable: "/"
unstressed syllable: "u"
meter - a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
This lovely flower fell to seed;
Work gently, sun and rain;
She held it as her dying creed
That she would grow again.
"For My Grandmother"
by Countee Cullen
This love-ly flow-er fell to seed;
Work gent-ly, sun and rain;
She held it as her dy-ing creed
That she would grow a-gain.
Cursing monsters within my soul
a merry beast for young and old.
repeated vowel sounds
Try to light the fire.
Some say the world will end in fire,
Some say in ice.
From what I’ve tasted of desire
I hold with those who favor fire.
But if it had to perish twice,
I think I know enough of hate
To say that for destruction ice
Is also great,
And would suffice.
"Fire and Ice"
by Robert Frost
Rhyme Scheme
The pattern of rhyme in a stanza
Bid me to weep, and I will weep
While I have eyes to see;
And having none, and yet I will keep
A heart to weep for thee.
Types of Poems:
Example: The tormenting teacher tested his suddenly stupefied students with a particularly potent pop-quiz.
Paul Revere's Ride
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Born: Portland, Maine
became instantaneously famous in the 1850s
loved to write about heroes and their great individual feats that changed history
wrote Paul Revere's Ride in 1861, just before the start of the Civil War

Historical Inaccuracies:
Paul Revere did not ride alone
Revere was captured before making it to Concord
Poem made Revere famous
Relatively unknown before the poem
Why did Longfellow choose Revere and leave out the others? (Prescott & Dawes)
Types of Poems:
a lenghty, narrative poem that
contains heroic acts and events
expression of personal and emotional feelings (a sonnet)
does not have meter patterns or
sometimes does not even rhyme
a poem written on the occassion
of someone's death
a poem that tells a story in a
sing-song (musical) fashion

Figurative Language
sight, sound,touch, smell, taste
Imagery: helps set
the mood of the poem
I see skies of blue, and clouds of white
the bright blessed days, the dark sacred nights
Beneath the churchyard, lay the dead,
In their night encampment on the hill,
Wrapped in silence so deep and still
That he could hear like a sentinel's tread,
the watchful night wind as it went
Creeping along from tent to tent,
And seeming to whisper, "All is well!"

Draw a picture based on the words
you hear in the song. Try to get as many images from the song into your picture.
In your notes:
Using exaggeration for emphasis or effect
Examples of Hyperbole:
These books in your bag weigh a ton.
I am so tired I could sleep for a year.
I’m so hungry, I could eat a horse.
I will die if she asks me to dance.
I’m really busy, I am doing ten million things.
Sarah Cynthia Sylvia Stout
Would not take the garbage out!
She’d scour the pots and scrape the pans,
Candy the yams and spice the hams,
And though her daddy would scream and shout,
She simply would not take the garbage out.
And so it piled up to the ceilings;
Coffee grounds, potato peelings,
Brown bananas, rotten peas,
Chunks of sour cottage cheese,
It filled the can, it covered the floor,
It cracked the window, it blocked the door,
With bacon rinds and chicken bones,
Drippy ends of ice cream cones,
Prune pits, peach pits, orange peel,
Gloppy glumps of cold oatmeal,
Pizza crusts and withered greens,
Soggy bean and tangerines,
Crusts of black burned buttered toast,
Gristly pits of beef roasts…
The garbage rolled down the hall,
It raised the roof, it broke the wall…
And finally Sarah Cynthia Stout said,
“OK, I’ll take the garbage out!”
But then, of course, it was too late…
The garbage reached across the state,
From New York to the Golden Gate.
And there, in the garbage she did hate,
Poor Sarah met an awful fate,
That I cannot right now relate,
Because the hour is much too late.
But children, remember Sarah Stout
And always take the garbage out!
Sarah Cynthia Sylvia Would Not Take The Garbage Out
By Shel Silverstein
Essential Question = What is the most effective way to analyze poetry?
What images does the poem draw in your mind?
What is the mood of the poem (happy, sad, exciting?)
Step 4. Imagery and Mood
End rhyme - last words in lines rhymes

Internal rhyme - rhyming words within a line
Across the Universe
We're Gonna Be Friends
Identify Imagery and Mood!
Write a 3-4 sentence summary on Poetry.
Essential Questions = What is the most effective way to analyze poetry?
Connotative meaning
additional meaning added
Denotative meaning
literal definition

giving an animal or object human characteristics
Examples of Personification:

• The flowers begged for water.
• The wind whispered softly in the night.
• Lightning danced across the sky.
• The sun played hide and seek with the clouds.
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