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Transcript of India
By: Adia, Alexis, Cydney, Giovanna, Jordon, Morgan, Nina, Sarah
The Art of Mehndi (Henna)
An indian tradtion is Mehndi.
-Mehndi is the traditional art of hand painting.
-Mehndi tells stories thorugh its paintings.
-In the 12th century, the Arabic muslims brought hand painting in to India.
-First used for its theraputic cooling effect agiasnt the hot climate.
-Mehndi was used for weddings.
-During a wedding the bride and groom would paint themselves, basically writing their story on thier bodies.
-Has many symbolic reasons such as fertility, a strong bond and relationship.
Beliefs and Superstitions
-Many Indians believe in superstitions because they think it will protect them from evil spirits. -Some religions like; Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism all have superstitions in commmon.
-One example of an Indian superstiton that is known across the world is horoscopes. Indians believe that the stars and moon will help you on your journey.
India is known for their different varities of food. They are also know for having the spicest and hottest spices.India can be broken down into for main groups; North, West, East, and South. Each with their own personal taste and cusine.
-Song - Dravidian Dithyramb
-Composer/Author - Victor Paranjoti
-Earth Songs Choral Music
-Hymn of Praise
-Dhoti kurta is the traditional Indian clothing of men
Indian Salwar Kameez
-Salwar kameez is the traditional Indian clothing for women
-Sari is one of the most known dresses worn by Indian women
Double Harmonic Major Scale
Arguement between 2 and 3; 6 and 7
This means that these notes are 1 1/2 steps apart along with whole steps and half steps
American scale only has whole steps and half steps
7 basic notes in ascending order: Sa Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni Sa
Divides into 12 semitones
Idiophans- non-drum percussion
Types of Modern Music
Modern music awards
Punjabi Music Awards
Modern Music Festivals
Chennai Music Season
Dover Lane Music Festival
Jana Gana Mana
Traditional Indian Music
Originated in Vedas
Oldest scriptures in Hindu tradition.
Used in sacrifices (not human)
Bhara's Naty ashastra was the first fundamental principle of dance, music and drama
The Indian State was intrested in the stage because at the time India was rulled by the Mughal Empire wich was a theatre state
Bhara Naty envolved into Sangeet, which is a combination of vocal music, instrumental music, and dance deriived from sagecraft.
Sangeet of the North is called Hindustani and Sangeet of the South is called Carnatic
There are two pilars of sangeet: rag and tal
Rag: revolved around methodical rythem
Tal: revolved around intrumental beats
Sari is an unstitched piece of clothing usually four to nine meters long depending on the style in which you want to drape it.
A dhoti is a traditional long drape Indian men wear that is usually tied at the waist.
In modern India the dhoti is worn for culturally important and formal occasions.
Victor Paranjoti (1906-1967) is known for his role in promoting choral music in India in the middle of the 20th century. He was also the founder president of the Association of the Business Communicators of India. t was in 1960 that Paranjoti transformed the Bombay Amateur Light Opera Sabha into the Paranjoti Academy Chorus, whose conductor he was for the rest of his life.
The Paranjoti Choir has sung in 22 languages, including most of the Indian languages, and offers, apart from Western Classical music, spiritual, folk, traditional and modern music. Several of its songs are compositions of Paranjoti. And these live up to the Choir’s motto: ‘International harmony through international music.’
The Dravidian Dithyramb embodies traces of ragas (a pattern of notes having characteristic intervals, rhythms, and embellishments, used as a basis for improvisation) from the Carnatic music of South India. It also has a resemblance to the tarana (a form of Hindustani classical music which uses Persian and Arabic phonemes as nonsense syllables).
Manuscript signed and dated - 6/15/62
Original time signatures alternated between 6/8 and 2/8. This version is in 8/8.
Ssaa, ttbb, satb/ssatb
-is a red dot that can be found on a womens forehead.
-it means that she is married
-"bindi" comes from Sankrit meaning a dot or particle.
-usually worn with red, but is also found in other colors.
-Natya Shahtra; first book of drama by Bharat Muni
-many plays or dramas have singing, dancing, reciting which is crucial
-forms of indian theatre:
-Ramlila/ Ram Leela